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Narrative essay-kidnapped

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lyrics essay First published in The Believer, July, 2003. The Genre Artist. If a story takes place, as we are told stories do, then who or what does it take that place from, and why is an acquisition verb—take—necessary to describe the essay-kidnapped activity of stories? Maybe it’s an unfair, literalizing question. Not all figures of speech need to be prodded for essays accuracy (although shouldn’t a phrase relating to stories, which are made of language, have some passing precision?). Stories would keep taking place whether or not we worried about what it meant for them to do so, or worried about what stories actually did instead. But if we poked at narrative this strange phrase, which suggests a theft of cv format, setting in order for narrative to occur, we might also deduce that if a place is taken for something to narrative happen in cv format, it, then this taking must happen at a specific time (that’s what the word “happen” asks us to essay-kidnapped believe, anyway). Essays Written? The verb “take” presumes duration, implies a moment (unless we take a break from time or take the opportunity to narrative no longer experience time , options that are difficult, at studies coursework best, to secure, unless we die). It is this specific time that is meant to concern us when we encounter what is likely the most well known (i.e., terrifying) story opener of all: once upon a time. Imbedded in this innocent phrase, which I would like to narrative essay-kidnapped prod for the rest of this paragraph until it leaks an interesting jelly, is essays a successful future, a severally redundant claim of occurrence, perhaps the first thing a reader, or listener, must be promised (reader: consumer of artificial time).

For the sake of narrative, contrast, to look at a more rigorously dull example, the opener “I have an idea” does not offer the same hope, or seduction, or promise (particularly if I am the “I”). Even the verb is cv format, static and narrative suggests nothing approximating a moment. Time is essays written, being excluded, and look at all the people already falling asleep. “Once upon a time” is far more promising (something happened, something happened!). We might need to believe that the narrative essay-kidnapped clock is ticking before we begin to invest our sympathies, our attentions, our energy. Fiction has, of course, since dropped this ingratiating, hospitable opener in gothic essay conclusion, favor of subtler seductions, gentler heraldings of narrative essay-kidnapped, story. But it is ib maths studies coursework, rare not to narrative feel the on why you want to be clock before the first page is essay-kidnapped, done, a verb moving the people and furniture around (whereas “having an idea” does not allow us to essays picture anything, other than, possibly, a man on a toilet). The physical verbs are waiting to assert themselves, to provide moments that we are meant to believe in, and verbs, traditionally, are what characters use to stir up the trouble we call fiction.

Without physical verbs we have static think pieces, essays, philosophical musings. Essay-kidnapped? There is essay conclusion, no stirring, because generally there is narrative essay-kidnapped, nobody there holding a spoon. Ib Maths Coursework? This will be an interesting distinction to remember. Maybe this is essay-kidnapped, as it should be, since Proust said the duty of the literary artist was to on how education a successful tell the narrative truth about time. Aside from on why you want blanching at the notion of duty, which is one of the required notions to blanch at, it seems clear to me that Proust’s edict, interpreted variously, has served as a bellwether for narrative most thriving traditions of fiction (which held true, of course, before Proust articulated it).

If fiction has a main theme, a primary character, an oedipus rex as a tragic essay, occupation, a methodology, a criteria, a standard, a purpose (is there anything else left for fiction to have?), it would be time itself. Fiction is the production of false time for essay-kidnapped readers to experience. Most fiction seeks to become time . Without time, fiction is nonfiction. Yes, that’s arguable—we have Borges, Roussel, Christine Brooke-Rose, and Robbe-Grillet, after all, among others, to tell us otherwise, and it is in essays by einstein, part their legacy, their followers (witting or not), whose pages will be shaken here until we have something that counts for a portrait of this anti-story tradition. One basic meaning of narrative, then: to create time where there was none.

A fiction writer who tells stories is a maker of time. Not liking a story might be akin to not believing in its depictions of time. It sounds facile to say that stories occur, but it is part of the larger, relentless persuasion that time both is and envelops the practice we call story. We cannot easily separate the two. Yet if time is the most taken-for-granted aspect of fiction writing, it would seem precisely like the good hard wall a young, ambitious writer would want to bang his head against, in narrative, order to walk and talk newly in the world of oedipus rex as a tragic, fiction (that’s still the narrative desire, right?). To the writer searching for the obstacle to surpass , time would look plenty worthy a hurdle. If something must be overcome, ruined, subverted in order for fiction to cv format stay matterful (yes, maybe the metaphor of progress in narrative, literary art is pretentious and on why you want a doctor tired at narrative this point (there’s time again, aging what was once such a fine idea)), then time would be the thing to beat, the thing fiction seemingly cannot do without, and therefore, to grow or change, must. John Haskell is studies coursework, among an intriguing new group of narrative, writers chiseling away at the forms of fiction writing without appearing exhaustingly experimental (read: unreadable). Haskell is working primarily without or around time, producing fiction that might appear more essayistic, discursive, inert, philosophical, and, well, literally timeless (which is cv format, not yet to say that his debut book is for the ages ). Yes, I said “inert,” because things do not have to narrative move to be interesting. Think mountain.

Think dead person. Think thought. I say “think,” because Haskell is a thinker, and although he writes often about film, you could not film what he writes. I Am Not Jackson Pollock contains some storylike moments, but it is primarily a new kind of fiction, one that, curiously, hardly seems interested in fiction at all (which is not to suggest that it reads autobiographically—the opposite is true, which makes a great case for secret-keeping). Haskell might be indebted to Borges, but not in the way most so-called imaginative writers are. There’s no obsession with infinity and worlds within worlds, no conceptual masterminding at work to essays on how key to a successful showcase a stoner’s tripped-out, house-of-Escher mentality, not much that would qualify as being made up. Haskell is more interested in using modest, unassuming forms of nonfiction, as did Borges or Sterne (albeit Haskell does not perpetrate extravagant untruths): the narrative essay-kidnapped essay, the report, the biographical sketch, the character analysis (this last is Haskell’s favorite, from ib maths real people like Glenn Gould and Jackson Pollock, to film characters like Anthony Perkins’s innkeeper in Psycho , to Topsy, the first elephant executed by electricity). Essay-kidnapped? Haskell does not write characters so much as he writes about them, and it is this willful instinct toward exposition that is so curiously distinctive and unusual in the story-driven world of most new fiction. A fair question here might be this: where is the fiction in this, if these “stories” of Haskell’s refuse story and then faithfully essay to supply information, respectable information, analysis, and reflection, just as nonfiction might? And one fair answer might be: John Haskell’s primary fiction, overriding his entire project, the place where his fiction is essays written by einstein, located, is precisely in his puzzling gesture of narrative, calling these pieces fiction in essays by einstein, the first place. Narrative? He is a doctor, fictionalizing his genre.

Or, in other words, his fiction is genre itself. Haskell is not an narrative essay-kidnapped, artist in a particular genre, he is an gothic conclusion, artist of genre. To do what Haskell does is to essay-kidnapped take several genuine risks, which occasions a word or two about risk. What could a writer in our country possibly be risking, other than his own pride, livelihood, or publishability, which are not exactly noble losses should they actually be lost? (Many of oedipus rex as a tragic hero essay, us began writing without pride and publishability anyway, and I’m not exactly clear what livelihood is.) Yet risk is the essay-kidnapped most urgent exhortation of what we are supposed to take when we write fiction (which is somehow different from the kind of taking a story does when it takes place). Essays Written? Fiction is praised when it is called “risky,” but this sort of risk usually involves shattering, shameful disclosures. (I could fill the rest of this essay with examples of shattering, shameful disclosures, but maybe just one will do: while wrestling with my dog, experimenting on a new hold called “the Sumatra,” we ended up horizontal on the lawn, head to toe, and essay-kidnapped thereupon commenced a directed nuzzling, a purposeful mouth-to-balls activity, that in some quarters of academe is referred to as the sixty-nine, which then became a standard “variation” on is the future the “Sumatra,” well into adulthood (especially into adulthood)). With secret-telling having become its own lucrative industry, it’s hard to fathom what a risk of subject-matter might be (though I’m certain better, scarier secrets are approaching in narrative, next season’s books, however ill-equipped my imagination is to conceive them). Risks of gothic architecture, form, on the other hand, might seem more provocative, more inherently interesting to those attuned to the established modes and narrative essay-kidnapped means of fiction writing (Hey, you guys!), but the risk more often cited in these cases is the financial sort that a publisher takes in publishing such work. They risk not selling enough books.

And they are sorry but they cannot take that risk (it is interesting that the writer is supposed to be risky while the publisher is not). Risk might very well have a more palpable financial meaning than an artistic one. So while it is no longer clear what literary risk is—perhaps the term has been molested to death, like those other harassed words: edgy, innovative, startling, stunning—it could be more appropriate to say that within the larger, hapless chance-taking of writing at all (when indifference is about the scariest, and likeliest, response most of us might face), writing fiction without story seems especially curious, willfully self-marginalizing, and therefore very much worth considering. (No, not all obscure literary gestures are “interesting,” but something akin to playing golf without one’s body, as John Haskell might be doing, is.) The shopworn adage “show-don’t-tell” reinforces the oedipus rex as a tragic essay ethos that fiction must have a story, and warns a writer away from discursive, essayistic moments and exposition, which apparently amount to a kind of quicksand for the writer (a statement that presupposes motion as a valuable aspect of fiction writing). Haskell’s quicksand is rich as a batter and quite worth getting trapped in, although so much inertia can feel confining. Essay-kidnapped? If we are to be cast in mud, and architecture conclusion then smothered, we want our demise to narrative be fascinating. Telling is supposedly insufficient, it cannot produce a quality demise, since it does not dramatize a moment, or in cv format, fact does not even supply a moment at all.

Telling is stingy with time. Yet even though we “tell” a story, we only essay-kidnapped, do it well when we do not actually tell it, but show that story occurring in time. Ib Maths Studies Coursework? Does telling fail because it discriminates against the notion of moments entirely? Take this paragraph in Haskell’s story, “The Faces of Joan of Arc.” Hedy Lamarr, through most of the narrative essay-kidnapped movie, takes the cv format side of narrative, those in authority, which is not the same as having authority. Obedience is a way of gothic architecture essay conclusion, reconciling oneself to narrative essay-kidnapped a lack of gothic essay conclusion, authority or a lack of choice.

But it’s not the only way. This is narrative, a funny (read: not-so-funny) way to start a section in a story, but this is Haskell in oedipus a tragic hero essay, his psychological mode, and it’s a tone he turns to frequently, which can make parts of this book sound eerily similar to the DSM-IV-TR Case Studies: A Clinical Guide to Differential Diagnosis . Narrative? His exposition is written by einstein, dutiful and persistent, but he oddly does not seem to essay-kidnapped be using it to generate sympathy, which is what a narrative writer might hope for after disclosing details of character. Minimalism in fiction, which at its best extracted psychology purely from surfaces, would be anathema to Haskell. One of his favorite things to do, his pet point throughout the hero essay book, is to probe the interior conflicts within a character, but the effect is rather more coldly intellectual than warmly empathic: She creates a space between what she does and who she feels she is, so at least she can live with a little peace.He wanted to essay-kidnapped let whatever it was inside of him come out, and then change it, and by oedipus a tragic hero changing that he was hoping everything else would change. Inside that bubble he could relax and let who he was come out. She waited until what the camera wanted was fairly close to what she wanted, and although this wasn’t a perfect arrangement, she could pretend to stand it. … the man wanted to bring out whatever it was inside the boy. Haskell is expert at clarifying the moments when his characters feel estranged from themselves. The defiance of Haskell’s title is a form of self-denial echoed throughout most of these stories.

He is narrative essay-kidnapped, so shrewd at depicting this sort of architecture, moment, that for narrative him it is apparently sufficient to oedipus rex as a tragic hero carry whole stories. Once he has achieved the revelation, he seems ready to end his story. If he has a deficiency, it’s his inability to convert his fascinations into whole pieces of writing that prove the artistic adequacy of his idea. If Haskell is narrative, desperate to show us how people hide from themselves and conspire against their own better interests, working as multiple identities in agonizing contexts—which is, after all, a familiar enough idea routinely explored, or dramatized, by many writers—then it’s upon him to make our experience of to be, this idea immediate, visceral, and potently refreshed. Narrative Essay-kidnapped? Maybe it’s not upon him , but when the idea is conclusion, centralized, as it is in Haskell’s work, and narrative is deliberately excluded, there is a risk when that idea does not seem novel.

To be fair, Haskell has no real comforting tradition to fall back on, to guide him in his efforts, so he must invent for himself what an essay-kidnapped, ending, in this sort of writing, might look like. It’s an ib maths, original path he has chosen, and it will be rewarding to watch this exceptional writer as he navigates this new territory for essay-kidnapped fiction. When a prose writer such as Haskell surmises a distinction between story and fiction, as he so intriguingly has, a critic can safely ask after the absent story and not be upbraided for assuming that fiction must have one. A writer thus interested anyway in dividing the two projects risks an error of category, or at the least risks being read incorrectly (not that reading correctly sounds like a very compelling thing to be doing). But when, for example, David Markson, an expository novelist who fired the starting gun for fictions of information and proved that pure exposition can be alarmingly moving, who purposefully tells instead of shows, is dismissed in The New York Times for failing to provide a story in his novel Reader’s Block , no discussion follows about why, exactly, fiction must have one (at 150 words in the book review, how could any discussion follow?). Nor do we learn what a story might have looked like in such an exquisitely felt book that, to summarize, catalogs the various ways historical figures have hated whole races of by einstein, people and/or died by their own hands. Narrative? (Yes, you should read this book.) Markson should have presumably, under the fiction-must-have-a-story criteria , zeroed in on one of cv format, his hundreds of essay-kidnapped, characters and cv format gone deep, doing that good old-time psychological work, the person-making stuff, dramatizing how such an interesting fellow had gone on to hate Jews and/or kill himself. Essay-kidnapped? Markson should have used more words like “then.” He should have sequenced. He seems to have forgotten that literature is supposedly a time-based art. Markson’s amnesia is one of the happy accidents of the gothic last decade of fiction writing. By eschewing a fetishistic, conventional interest in character, or a dutiful allegiance to essay-kidnapped moment creation, to occurrence itself, Markson accomplishes what a story, slogging through time and obedient to momentum, arguably could not: a commanding, obsessive portrait of single behaviors throughout history, a catalog of atrocity that overwhelms through relentless example.

In truth, it’s a novel that can be read as an essay, but unlike most essays, it’s lyrically shrewd, poetry in by einstein, the form of history, and narrative essay-kidnapped it’s brave enough to provide creepy, gaping holes where we normally might encounter context (the burden of the conventional essayist). This might explain a new category of writing, the lyric essay, swelling special issues of literary magazines (such as The Seneca Review ) and, in essays education is the a successful, particular, a new, provocative anthology: The Next American Essay , edited (orchestrated, masterminded, realized) by John D’Agata, the essay-kidnapped form’s single-handed, shrewd champion. Gothic Architecture Conclusion? The lyric essayist seems to enjoy all of the narrative liberties of the fiction writer, with none of a fiction writer’s burden of unreality, the nasty fact that none of this ever really happened that a fiction writer daily wakes to. One can never say of the lyric essayist’s work that “it’s just fiction,” a vacuous but prevalent dismissal akin to criticizing someone with his own name. Cv Format? The lyric essay is a rather ingenious label, since the essayist supposedly starts out with something real, whereas the fiction writer labors under a burden to prove, or create, that reality, and can expect mistrust and doubt from a reader at the outset. Narrative? In fiction, lyricism can look like evasion, special pleading, pretension. In the essay, it is apparently artistic, a lovely sideshow to The Real that, if you let it, will enhance what you think you know. The implied secret here is that one of the smartest ways to write fiction today is to say that you’re not, and then do whatever you very well please. Fiction writers take note. Gothic Architecture Essay Conclusion? Some of the best fiction is these days being written as nonfiction. The Next American Essay proceeds chronologically from 1975 to 2003, from John McPhee (a re-animated Monopoly game) to Jenny Boully (all footnotes, no text), with D’Agata practicing his own artful transitions before each piece, waxing witty, smart, personal, mute, cleverly obtuse, passionate, lucid, myopic.

D’Agata’s transitions alone, which show how alive an anthology can be, and would make any editor envious, provide a toolbox of essay-kidnapped, categorically adulterous leapfrogs that could outfit a whole new generation of writers with the architecture essay conclusion skills to launch an impressive and relevant movement of writing. Narrative Essay-kidnapped? D’Agata as editor seems capable of reconfiguring almost anyone’s writing, like Robert Ashley collating found music into his own opera. D’Agata decides what’s beautiful and gothic architecture conclusion makes it so through expert arrangement. Narrative Essay-kidnapped? There are writers here, Sherman Alexie among them, who must have been surprised to architecture essay conclusion discover their stories qualified as lyric essays. Essay-kidnapped? D’Agata justifies the choice of Alexie by claiming that fiction is oedipus rex as hero, a protective term, providing shelter for difficult material, which is really essayistic in essay-kidnapped, nature. All fiction writers should be so lucky. The flagship practitioner of the lyric essay, who seems early on to have inspired D’Agata’s editorial imagination, is the Canadian poet Anne Carson.

Under the banner of by einstein, poetry, Carson has produced some of the most rigorously intelligent and beautiful writing of the last ten years: essays, stories, arguments, poems, most provocatively in her early collection, Plainwater . Narrative Essay-kidnapped? Her piece, “Short Talks,” which she describes as one-minute lectures, and education key to a successful which moves through the history of philosophy like a flip-book of civilization, offering stern commandments and graceful fall-aways, simultaneously qualifies as fiction, poetry, and essay, and is championed protectively by ambassadors from each genre. The loose criteria for the lyric essay seems to invoke a kind of nonfiction not burdened by research or fact, yet responsible (if necessary) to sense and poetry, shrewdly allegiant to no expectations of genre other than the demands of its own subject. If that sounds strangely like fiction, several of the writers included here, Harry Mathews, Carole Maso, and Lydia Davis among them, first published their pieces in that genre, and narrative essay-kidnapped will no doubt continue to. Others, like Carson or Boully or Joe Wenderoth, have consistently termed their work poetry. Thalia Field has published her singular writing under the label of fiction, although it seems better read as poetry. Essay? Here, of narrative essay-kidnapped, course, it is an essay, as are works of autobiography. David Antin shows up with more of his astonishingly boring diaries, continuing his decades-long ruse of consequence. Thankfully he cannot single-handedly ruin an anthology. David Shields provides a Lishian catalog of cliches that accrue curious meanings and expose how revealing banal language can actually be.

And stalwarts like Joan Didion, David Foster Wallace, and rex as hero essay Susan Sontag throw in with fierce, ambitious contributions that actually always were essays, although this lack of genre-hopping is in narrative essay-kidnapped, the minority. Sadly absent from what is essay, otherwise one of the most significant anthologies published in narrative, years are a few true voices of the essay who would have fit right in essays written, with these other inspired eccentrics, among them: Daniel Harris, Lawrence Weschler, Joy Williams, and Dallas Wiebe. One instantly wonders how the chosen genre appellation liberates or constricts the writer, and whether or not John Haskell, absent from D’Agata’s all-star selection, would have fared better (whatever that might mean) under a different label, with someone like D’Agata warming-up for him. Might he be more appreciated as a lyric essayist, an artist of information not saddled by conventional readerly expectations? I ask because Haskell seems to suffer slightly when evaluated as a fiction writer, when one brings hopes of story to his book, which are hard not to essay-kidnapped bring. There’s the implied tedium of fiction not driven by story, particularly if a reader is expecting one (of course tedium, as Robbe-Grillet showed, can have its thrills). With storyless fiction, one suspects an intellectual lesson is at hand, instead of entertainment (this must either be fun or it must be good for me), with a reader’s pleasure not high on the author’s agenda. Written? Expectation can flatten a reader’s willingness to forestall desires for story.

It is similar to essay-kidnapped feeling forever trapped in gothic essay conclusion, a flashback, waiting for the current scene. A reader saves attention and narrative essay-kidnapped energy if he senses that what he’s reading is not primary, the thing itself, and that the real story is ahead, and attention is the commodity the writer is striving to ib maths coursework create, at all costs. Narrative? Haskell’s book could very nearly be shelved uncontested in the film studies section of the bookstore, and essay to be a doctor here it might perform its rogue fictionalizations with more astonishment, reversing his style of ambush, so to speak, since it is much more a collection of essay-kidnapped, film studies with bursts of unreality, than it is a burst of unreality with moments of film studies. It might just be that the genre bending fiction writers—John Haskell, David Markson among them—so far, lack a champion like John D’Agata, although there’s no reason to think that he won’t be luring more fiction writers into his protective, liberating fold, where these categories can cease to matter. Once upon a time there will be readers who won’t care what imaginative writing is called and will read it for its passion, its force of intellect, and for by einstein its formal originality.

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Narrative Essay

The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man. Boston: Sherman, French Company, 1912. This vivid and essay-kidnapped startlingly new picture of conditions brought about by the race question in the United States makes no special plea for the Negro, but shows in essays on how education is the key to a successful, a dispassionate, though sympathetic, manner conditions as they actually exist between the whites and blacks to-day. Special pleas have already been made for and against the Negro in narrative essay-kidnapped, hundreds of books, but in these books either his virtues or his vices have been exaggerated. This is because writers, in nearly every instance, have treated the colored American as a whole; each has taken some one group of the essays on how future, race to prove his case. Not before has a composite and narrative essay-kidnapped proportionate presentation of the entire race, embracing all of its various groups and elements, showing their relations with each other and to the whites, been made.

It is very likely that the essay on why to be, Negroes of the United States have a fairly correct idea of what the white people of the country think of them, for that opinion has for a long time been and is still being constantly stated; but they are themselves more or less a sphinx to narrative the whites. Coursework! It is curiously interesting and even vitally important to know what. are the thoughts of essay-kidnapped ten millions of them concerning the people among whom they live. In these pages it is as though a veil had been drawn aside: the reader is given a view of the inner life of the Negro in America, is initiated into essays written by einstein the free-masonry, as it were, of the narrative essay-kidnapped, race. These pages also reveal the unsuspected fact that prejudice against the Negro is exerting a pressure, which, in New York and other large cities where the opportunity is open, is on why you want a doctor actually and constantly forcing an unascertainable number of fair-complexioned colored people over into the white race.

In this book the reader is given a glimpse behind the scenes of this race-drama which is being here enacted,--he is narrative taken upon an elevation where he can catch a bird's-eye view of the conflict which is oedipus hero essay being waged. I know that in narrative, writing the following pages I am divulging the great secret of a doctor my life, the secret which for some years I have guarded far more carefully than any of my earthly possessions; and essay-kidnapped it is a curious study to me to key to analyze the motives which prompt me to do it. I feel that I am led by the same impulse which forces the unfound-out criminal to take somebody into his confidence, although he knows that the essay-kidnapped, act is is the key to a successful future liable, even almost certain, to lead to his undoing. Narrative! I know that I am playing with fire, and I feel the thrill which accompanies that most fascinating pastime; and, back of it all, I think I find a sort of savage and diabolical desire to gather up all the to be, little tragedies of my life, and turn them into a practical joke on society. And, too, I suffer a vague feeling of unsatisfaction, of regret, of almost remorse from which I am seeking relief, and of which I shall speak in the last paragraph of this account. I was born in a little town of essay-kidnapped Georgia a few years after the close of the Civil War. I shall not mention the gothic architecture conclusion, name of the town, because there. are people still living there who could be connected with this narrative. I have only a faint recollection of the place of my birth. At times I can close my eyes, and call up in a dream-like way things that seem to have happened ages ago in some other world.

I can see in this half vision a little house,--I am quite sure it was not a large one;--I can remember that flowers grew in the front yard, and that around each bed of flowers was a hedge of narrative essay-kidnapped vari-colored glass bottles stuck in the ground neck down. I remember that once, while playing around in the sand, I became curious to know whether or not the bottles grew as the flowers did, and I proceeded to dig them up to find out; the investigation brought me a terrific spanking which indelibly fixed the incident in my mind. I can remember, too, that behind the house was a shed under which stood two or three wooden wash-tubs. These tubs were the earliest aversion of my life, for regularly on certain evenings I was plunged into one of them, and scrubbed until my skin ached. Rex As A Tragic! I can remember to this day the pain caused by the strong, rank soap getting into my eyes. Back from the narrative, house a vegetable garden ran, perhaps, seventy-five or one hundred feet; but to my childish fancy it was an endless territory. I can still recall the essays written, thrill of narrative joy, excitement and wonder it gave me to go on an exploring expedition through it, to on how is the key to future find the blackberries, both. ripe and narrative green, that grew along the on how a successful, edge of the narrative essay-kidnapped, fence. I remember with what pleasure I used to arrive at, and gothic architecture stand before, a little enclosure in which stood a patient cow chewing her cud, how I would occasionally offer her through the bars a piece of my bread and narrative essay-kidnapped molasses, and how I would jerk back my hand in a tragic, half fright if she made any motion to accept my offer. I have a dim recollection of several people who moved in and about essay-kidnapped this little house, but I have a distinct mental image of only two; one, my mother, and the other, a tall man with a small, dark mustache. I remember that his shoes or boots were always shiny, and oedipus a tragic hero essay that he wore a gold chain and a great gold watch with which he was always willing to let me play.

My admiration was almost equally divided between the watch and narrative chain and the shoes. He used to essays by einstein come to narrative essay-kidnapped the house evenings, perhaps two or three times a week; and it became my appointed duty whenever he came to bring him a pair of slippers, and to key to a successful put the shiny shoes in a particular corner; he often gave me in return for this service a bright coin which my mother taught me to promptly drop in a little tin bank. Narrative! I remember distinctly the cv format, last time this tall man came to the little house in Georgia; that evening before I went to bed he took me up in essay-kidnapped, his arms, and squeezed me very. tightly; my mother stood behind his chair wiping tears from her eyes. I remember how I sat upon his knee, and ib maths coursework watched him laboriously drill a hole through a ten-dollar gold piece, and narrative then tie the coin around my neck with a string. I have worn that gold piece around my neck the greater part of my life, and still possess it, but more than once I have wished that some other way had been found of attaching it to me besides putting a hole through it. On the day after the coin was put around my neck my mother and I started on what seemed to me an essay on why a doctor, endless journey. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I knelt on the seat and watched through the train window the corn and cotton fields pass swiftly by until I fell asleep.

When I fully awoke we were being driven through the streets of a large city--Savannah. I sat up and on why you want to be a doctor blinked at the bright lights. At Savannah we boarded a steamer which finally landed us in New York. From New York we went to a town in Connecticut, which became the narrative essay-kidnapped, home of my boyhood. My mother and I lived together in a little cottage which seemed to me to be fitted up almost luxuriously; there were horse-hair covered chairs in the parlor, and a little square piano; there was a stairway with red carpet on essays on how education key to a successful future, it leading to essay-kidnapped a half second story; there were pictures on the walls, and a few books in a glass-doored case. My mother dressed me very neatly, and I. developed that pride which well-dressed boys generally have. She was careful about my associates, and I myself was quite particular. As I look back now I can see that I was a perfect little aristocrat.

My mother rarely went to anyone's house, but she did sewing, and there were a great many ladies coming to our cottage. If I were around they would generally call me, and ask me my name and age and tell my mother what a pretty boy I was. Some of them would pat me on the head and kiss me. My mother was kept very busy with her sewing; sometimes she would have another woman helping her. I think she must have derived a fair income from her work.

I know, too, that at least once each month she received a letter; I used to essays watch for the postman, get the letter, and narrative essay-kidnapped run to her with it; whether she was busy or not she would take it and ib maths studies instantly thrust it into essay-kidnapped her bosom. I never saw her read one of cv format them. Essay-kidnapped! I knew later that these letters contained money and, what was to her, more than money. Gothic Essay Conclusion! As busy as she generally was she, however, found time to teach me my letters and figures and how to spell a number of easy words. Always on Sunday evenings she opened the little square piano, and narrative picked out hymns. I can recall now that whenever she played hymns from the book her tempos were always decidedly largo. Sometimes on other evenings when she was not sewing she would play. simple accompaniments to some old southern songs which she sang.

In these songs she was freer, because she played them by ear. Those evenings on cv format, which she opened the little piano were the happiest hours of narrative essay-kidnapped my childhood. Whenever she started toward the instrument I used to oedipus rex as essay follow her with all the interest and irrepressible joy that a pampered pet dog shows when a package is essay-kidnapped opened in which he knows there is a sweet bit for him. I used to stand by essays by einstein her side, and often interrupt and annoy her by chiming in narrative, with strange harmonies which I found either on the high keys of the treble or low keys of the essays on how is the future, bass. Narrative! I remember that I had a particular fondness for written by einstein, the black keys. Always on such evenings, when the music was over, my mother would sit with me in essay-kidnapped, her arms often for a very long time. She would hold me close, softly crooning some old melody without words, all the while gently stroking her face against my head; many and cv format many a night I thus fell asleep. I can see her now, her great dark eyes looking into the fire, to narrative essay-kidnapped where?

No one knew but she. The memory of that picture has more than once kept me from straying too far from the place of purity and safety in which her arms held me. At a very early age I began to thump on the piano alone, and it was not long before I was able to pick out a few tunes. When I was seven years old I could play by ear all of the hymns. and songs that my mother knew. I had also learned the names of the cv format, notes in both clefs, but I preferred not to be hampered by narrative notes. About this time several ladies for whom my mother sewed heard me play, and they persuaded her that I should at once be put under a teacher; so arrangements were made for me to study the key to a successful future, piano with a lady who was a fairly good musician; at the same time arrangements were made for me to study my books with this lady's daughter. My music teacher had no small difficulty at first in pinning me down to the notes. If she played my lesson over for me I invariably attempted to reproduce the required sounds without the slightest recourse to narrative the written characters. Her daughter, my other teacher, also had her worries. She found that, in reading, whenever I came to words that were difficult or unfamiliar I was prone to bring my imagination to oedipus rex as a tragic essay the rescue and read from the picture.

She has laughingly told me, since then, that I would sometimes substitute whole sentences and even paragraphs from what meaning I thought the illustrations conveyed. She said she sometimes was not only amused at the fresh treatment I would give an author's subject, but that when I gave some new and narrative sudden turn to the plot of the story she often grew interested and even excited in listening to hear what kind of a denouement I would bring about. But I am sure this was not due to. dullness, for I made rapid progress in both my music and my books. And so, for by einstein, a couple of years my life was divided between my music and my school books. Music took up the greater part of my time.

I had no playmates, but amused myself with games--some of them my own invention--which could be played alone. I knew a few boys whom I had met at the church which I attended with my mother, but I had formed no close friendships with any of them. Then, when I was nine years old, my mother decided to enter me in the public school, so all at once I found myself thrown among a crowd of boys of all sizes and kinds; some of them seemed to narrative essay-kidnapped me like savages. I shall never forget the bewilderment, the pain, the ib maths, heart-sickness of that first day at school. I seemed to be the narrative, only stranger in the place; every other boy seemed to know every other boy. I was fortunate enough, however, to be assigned to architecture conclusion a teacher who knew me; my mother made her dresses. She was one of the ladies who used to pat me on the head and kiss me. She had the tact to address a few words directly to me; this gave me a certain sort of standing in the class, and put me somewhat at narrative ease. Within a few days I had made one staunch friend, and was on fairly good terms with most of the boys. Rex As A Tragic! I was shy of the girls, and remained so; even now, a word or look from a pretty.

woman sets me all a-tremble. This friend I bound to me with hooks of steel in a very simple way. He was a big awkward boy with a face full of freckles and a head full of very red hair. He was perhaps fourteen years of narrative age; that is, four or five years older than any other boy in the class. This seniority was due to the fact that he had spent twice the rex as a tragic hero, required amount of time in several of the preceding classes. I had not been at narrative essay-kidnapped school many hours before I felt that Red Head--as I involuntarily called him--and I were to cv format be friends. I do not doubt that this feeling was strengthened by the fact that I had been quick enough to see that a big, strong boy was a friend to be desired at a public school; and, perhaps, in narrative, spite of his dullness, Red Head had been able to discern that I could be of service to oedipus him.

At any rate there was a simultaneous mutual attraction. The teacher had strung the class promiscuously round the essay-kidnapped, walls of the room for a sort of trial heat for places of rank; when the line was straightened out I found that by skillful maneuvering I had placed myself third, and had piloted Red Head to the place next to me. The teacher began by giving us to spell the words corresponding to our order in the line. Spell first. Spell second.

Spell third. I rattled off, t-h-i-r-d, third, in a way which said, Why don't you give us something hard? As. the words went down the on why to be, line I could see how lucky I had been to get a good place together with an easy word. As young as I was I felt impressed with the unfairness of the narrative, whole proceeding when I saw the tailenders going down before twelfth and twentieth, and studies coursework I felt sorry for those who had to spell such words in order to hold a low position. Spell fourth. Red Head, with his hands clutched tightly behind his back, began bravely, f-o-r-t-h. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Like a flash a score of hands went up, and the teacher began saying, No snapping of cv format fingers, no snapping of essay-kidnapped fingers. This was the first word missed, and essays written by einstein it seemed to me that some of the narrative essay-kidnapped, scholars were about to cv format lose their senses; some were dancing up and down on essay-kidnapped, one foot with a hand above their heads, the fingers working furiously, and joy beaming all over written, their faces; others stood still, their hands raised not so high, their fingers working less rapidly, and their faces expressing not quite so much happiness; there were still others who did not move nor raise their hands, but stood with great wrinkles on their foreheads, looking very thoughtful.

The whole thing was new to me, and I did not raise my hand, but slyly whispered the essay-kidnapped, letter u to Red Head several times. Second chance, said the teacher. The hands went down and the class became quiet. Essays Written! Red Head, his face now. red, after looking beseechingly at the ceiling, then pitiably at the floor, began very haltingly, f-u-. Immediately an essay-kidnapped, impulse to raise hands went through the class, but the teacher checked it, and poor Red Head, though he knew that each letter he added only took him farther out of the way, went doggedly on and finished, r-t-h. The hand raising was now repeated with more hubbub and excitement than at first. Those who before had not moved a finger were now waving their hands above their heads. Red Head felt that he was lost. He looked very big and studies foolish, and some of the scholars began to snicker.

His helpless condition went straight to essay-kidnapped my heart, and gripped my sympathies. I felt that if he failed it would in some way be my failure. I raised my hand, and under cover of the excitement and the teacher's attempts to on why to be a doctor regain order, I hurriedly shot up into his ear twice, quite distinctly, f-o-u-r-t-h, f-o-u-r-t-h. The teacher tapped on her desk and said, Third and last chance. The hands came down, the silence became oppressive. Red Head began, f-- Since that day I have waited anxiously for many a turn of the wheel of fortune, but never under greater tension than I watched for the order in which those letters would fall from Red's lips--o-u-r-t-h. A sigh of relief and disappointment went up from the narrative essay-kidnapped, class. Afterwards, through all our school days, Red Head shared my wit and. quickness and I benefited by his strength and dogged faithfulness. There were some black and brown boys and girls in the school, and several of them were in my class. Essays! One of the essay-kidnapped, boys strongly attracted my attention from the first day I saw him.

His face was as black as night, but shone as though it was polished; he had sparkling eyes, and when he opened his mouth he displayed glistening white teeth. It struck me at once as appropriate to call him Shiny face, or Shiny eyes, or Shiny teeth, and I spoke of him often by one of these names to the other boys. Rex As Hero Essay! These terms were finally merged into essay-kidnapped Shiny, and to that name he answered good naturedly during the balance of his public school days. Shiny was considered without question to be the best speller, the best reader, the best penman, in a word, the best scholar, in the class. He was very quick to catch anything; but, nevertheless, studied hard; thus he possessed two powers very rarely combined in gothic essay, one boy.

I saw him year after year, on up into the high school, win the narrative essay-kidnapped, majority of the prizes for punctuality, deportment, essay writing and declamation. Yet it did not take me long to discover that, in gothic architecture essay, spite of his standing as a scholar, he was in some way looked down upon. The other black boys and girls were still more looked down upon. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Some of the ib maths studies, boys often spoke. of them as niggers. Sometimes on essay-kidnapped, the way home from school a crowd would walk behind them repeating: Nigger, nigger, never die, Black face and shiny eye. On one such afternoon one of the black boys turned suddenly on his tormentors, and hurled a slate; it struck one of the white boys in coursework, the mouth, cutting a slight gash in his lip.

At sight of the blood the boy who had thrown the slate ran, and his companions quickly followed. We ran after them pelting them with stones until they separated in several directions. I was very much wrought up over essay-kidnapped, the affair, and went home and essays on how key to a successful told my mother how one of the niggers had struck a boy with a slate. I shall never forget how she turned on me. Don't you ever use that word again, she said, and don't you ever bother the colored children at school.

You ought to be ashamed of essay-kidnapped yourself. Ib Maths Studies! I did hang my head in shame, but not because she had convinced me that I had done wrong, but because I was hurt by the first sharp word she had ever given me. My school days ran along very pleasantly. I stood well in my studies, not always so well with regard to my behavior. I was never guilty of any serious misconduct, but my love of fun sometimes got me into trouble. I remember, however, that.

my sense of humor was so sly that most of the trouble usually fell on the head of the other fellow. Essay-kidnapped! My ability to on why you want a doctor play on narrative essay-kidnapped, the piano at school exercises was looked upon as little short of gothic essay conclusion marvelous in a boy of narrative essay-kidnapped my age. I was not chummy with many of my mates, but, on the whole, was about as popular as it is good for a boy to be. One day near the end of my second term at school the principal came into our room, and after talking to essay to be the teacher, for some reason said, I wish all of the narrative essay-kidnapped, white scholars to stand for studies, a moment. I rose with the others. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! The teacher looked at me, and calling my name said, You sit down for the present, and cv format rise with the others. I did not quite understand her, and narrative questioned, Ma'm? She repeated with a softer tone in her voice, You sit down now, and rise with the others. I sat down dazed. I saw and cv format heard nothing.

When the others were asked to rise I did not know it. When school was dismissed I went out in essay-kidnapped, a kind of stupor. A few of the white boys jeered me, saying, Oh, you're a nigger too. I heard some black children say, We knew he was colored. Shiny said to them, Come along, don't tease him, and thereby won my undying gratitude. I hurried on as fast as I could, and had gone some distance before I perceived that Red Head was walking by my side.

After a while he said to me, Le' me carry your books. I gave him. my strap without being able to essays a successful answer. Narrative! When we got to my gate he said as he handed me my books, Say, you know my big red agate? I can't shoot with it any more. I'm going to bring it to school for you to-morrow. Essay On Why You Want A Doctor! I took my books and ran into the house. As I passed through the hallway I saw that my mother was busy with one of her customers; I rushed up into narrative my own little room, shut the door, and went quickly to where my looking-glass hung on the wall.

For an instant I was afraid to look, but when I did I looked long and essay you want to be earnestly. I had often heard people say to my mother, What a pretty boy you have. I was accustomed to hear remarks about my beauty; but, now, for the first time, I became conscious of it, and recognized it. I noticed the ivory whiteness of my skin, the narrative essay-kidnapped, beauty of my mouth, the size and a tragic hero liquid darkness of my eyes, and how the long black lashes that fringed and shaded them produced an effect that was strangely fascinating even to essay-kidnapped me. I noticed the softness and glossiness of essay you want to be a doctor my dark hair that fell in waves over essay-kidnapped, my temples, making my forehead appear whiter than it really was. Ib Maths Coursework! How long I stood there gazing at essay-kidnapped my image I do not know.

When I came out and reached the ib maths studies, head of the narrative, stairs, I heard the lady who had been with my mother going out. I ran downstairs, and rushed to where my mother was sitting with a piece of work in her hands. Gothic Architecture! I buried my head in her lap and. blurted out, Mother, mother, tell me, am I a nigger? I could not see her face, but I knew the piece of work dropped to the floor, and narrative essay-kidnapped I felt her hands on my head. I looked up into her face and repeated, Tell me, mother, am I a nigger? There were tears in her eyes, and I could see that she was suffering for me.

And then it was that I looked at her critically for the first time. I had thought of her in a childish way only as the most beautiful woman in the world; now I looked at her searching for defects. I could see that her skin was almost brown, that her hair was not so soft as mine, and that she did differ in some way from the other ladies who came to the house; yet, even so, I could see that she was very beautiful, more beautiful than any of them. She must have felt that I was examining her, for she hid her face in my hair, and rex as essay said with difficulty, No, my darling, you are not a nigger. She went on, You are as good as anybody; if anyone calls you a nigger don't notice them. But the more she talked the less was I reassured, and essay-kidnapped I stopped her by asking, Well, mother, am I white?

Are you white? She answered tremblingly, No, I am not white, but you--your father is one of the architecture, greatest men in the country--the best blood of the South is in you-- This suddenly opened up in my heart a fresh chasm of misgiving and fear, and I almost fiercely demanded, Who is essay-kidnapped my father? Where is he? She stroked my hair. and said, I'll tell you about him some day. I sobbed, I want to know now.

She answered, No, not now. Perhaps it had to he done, but I have never forgiven the coursework, woman who did it so cruelly. It may be that she never knew that she gave me a sword-thrust that day in school which was years in essay-kidnapped, healing. Since I have grown older I have often gone back and tried to analyze the change that came into my life after that fateful day in school. There did come a radical change, and, young as I was, I felt fully conscious of it, though I did not fully comprehend it. Like my first spanking, it is one of the few incidents in my life that I can remember clearly. In the life of every one there is architecture essay a limited number of unhappy experiences which are not written upon the memory, but stamped there with a die; and in long years after they can be called up in detail, and every emotion that was stirred by them can he lived through anew; these are the narrative, tragedies of life. We may grow to key to a successful future include some of essay-kidnapped them among the trivial incidents of childhood--a broken toy, a promise made to ib maths us which was not kept, a harsh, heart-piercing word--but these, too, as well as the bitter experiences and narrative disappointments of mature years, are the tragedies of life. And so I have often lived through that hour, that day, that week in which was wrought the miracle of cv format my transition from one world into another; for I did indeed pass into another world. From that time I looked out through other eyes, my thoughts were colored, my words dictated, my actions limited by one dominating, all-pervading idea which constantly increased in force and essay-kidnapped weight until I finally realized in it a great, tangible fact. And this is the dwarfing, warping, distorting influence which operates upon each colored man in essays on how is the key to future, the United States.

He is essay-kidnapped forced to take his outlook on all things, not from the viewpoint of a citizen, or a man, nor even a human being, but from the essays education key to a successful future, viewpoint of a colored man. It is wonderful to me that the race has progressed so broadly as it has, since most of its thought and all of its activity must run through the narrow neck of narrative one funnel. And it is this, too, which makes the colored people of this country, in reality, a mystery to the whites. It is a difficult thing for a white man to essays learn what a colored man really thinks; because, generally, with the latter an additional and different light must be brought to bear on what he thinks; and his thoughts are often influenced by considerations so delicate and subtle that it would be impossible for him to confess or explain them to one of the opposite race. This gives to every colored man, in proportion to narrative his intellectuality, a sort of dual personality; there is one phase of essays on how is the key to him which is disclosed only in the freemasonry of his own race. I have often watched with interest. and sometimes with amazement even ignorant colored men under cover of broad grins and minstrel antics maintain this dualism in the presence of white men. I believe it to be a fact that the essay-kidnapped, colored people of essays education is the key to future this country know and understand the white people better than the white people know and understand them.

I now think that this change which came into niy life was at first more subjective than objective. I do not think my friends at school changed so much toward me as I did toward them. Essay-kidnapped! I grew reserved, I might say suspicious. I grew constantly more and oedipus rex as more afraid of laying myself open to some injury to narrative my feelings or my pride. I frequently saw or fancied some slight where, I am sure, none was intended. On the other hand, my friends and teachers were, if anything different, more considerate of me; but I can remember that it was against this very attitude in particular that my sensitiveness revolted. Red was the only one who did not so wound me; up to this day I recall with a swelling heart his clumsy efforts to make me understand that nothing could change his love for me. I am sure that at this time the oedipus rex as a tragic essay, majority of my white schoolmates did not understand or appreciate any differences between me and essay-kidnapped themselves; but there were a few who had evidently received instructions at home on the matter, and more than. once they displayed their knowledge in essays on how education key to future, word and action. As the years passed I noticed that the most innocent and narrative essay-kidnapped ignorant among the others grew in wisdom. I, myself, would not have so clearly understood this difference had it not been for the presence of the other colored children at rex as school; I had. learned what their status was, and now I learned that theirs was mine.

I had had no particular like or dislike for narrative essay-kidnapped, these black and brown boys and girls; in fact, with the exception of Shiny, they had occupied very little of my thought, but I do know that when the blow fell I had a very strong aversion to being classed with them. So I became something of a solitary. Red and I remained inseparable, and there was between Shiny and me a sort of sympathetic bond, but my intercourse with the others was never entirely free from a feeling of constraint. Essays Education Future! But I must add that this feeling was confined almost entirely to my intercourse with boys and girls of about my own age; I did not experience it with my seniors. And when I grew to narrative essay-kidnapped manhood I found myself freer with elderly white people than with those near my own age. I was now about eleven years old, but these emotions and impressions which I have just described could not have been stronger or more distinct at on how education an older age.

There were two immediate results of my forced loneliness; I began to narrative essay-kidnapped find. company in essays education is the key to a successful future, books, and greater pleasure in narrative essay-kidnapped, music. I made the former discovery through a big, gilt-bound, illustrated copy of the Bible, which used to architecture essay conclusion lie in splendid neglect on the center table in narrative, our little parlor. On top of the Bible lay a photograph album. Cv Format! I had often looked at the pictures in the album, and one day after taking the larger book down, and narrative essay-kidnapped opening it on the floor, I was overjoyed to find that it contained what seemed to be an inexhaustible supply of pictures. Essays Written! I looked at essay-kidnapped these pictures many times; in fact, so often that I knew the story of essay each one without having to read the subject, and then, somehow, I picked up the thread of history on which is narrative strung the trials and tribulations of the Hebrew children; this I followed with feverish interest and excitement. For a long time King David, with Samson a close second, stood at the head of my list of heroes; he was not displaced until I came to know Robert the Bruce. I read a good portion of the Old Testament, all that part treating of wars and rumors of wars, and then started in on the New. I became interested in the life of essays by einstein Christ, but became impatient and narrative essay-kidnapped disappointed when I found that, notwithstanding the studies coursework, great power he possessed, he did not make use of it when, in my judgment, he most needed to do so. And so my first general impression of the Bible was what my later impression has been of a number of narrative essay-kidnapped modern books, that the. authors put their best work in the first part, and grew either exhausted or careless toward the end.

After reading the Bible, or those parts which held my attention, I began to explore the glass-doored book-case which I have already mentioned. Ib Maths Coursework! I found there Pilgrim's Progress, Peter Parley's History of the United States, Grimm's Household Stories, Tales of a Grandfather, a bound volume of an old English publication, I think it was called The Mirror, a little volume called Familiar Science, and somebody's Natural Theology, which latter, of course, I could not read, but which, nevertheless, I tackled, with the narrative, result of cv format gaining a permanent dislike for narrative essay-kidnapped, all kinds of theology. There were several other books of no particular name or merit, such as agents sell to people who know nothing of ib maths studies coursework buying books. How my mother came by this little library which, considering all things, was so well suited to me, I never sought to know. But she was far from being an ignorant woman, and had herself, very likely, read the majority of these books, though I do not remember ever having seen her with a book in essay-kidnapped, her hand, with the exception of the Episcopal Prayer-book. At any rate she encouraged in me the habit of on why you want a doctor reading, and narrative when I had about exhausted those books in the little library which interested me, she began to buy books for me. She also regularly gave. me money to buy a weekly paper which was then very popular for boys. At this time I went in for written by einstein, music with an essay-kidnapped, earnestness worthy of maturer years; a change of essay you want a doctor teachers was largely responsible for narrative essay-kidnapped, this. I began now to take lessons of the organist of the church which I attended with my mother; he was a good teacher and quite a thorough musician.

He was so skillful in his instruction, and filled me with such enthusiasm that my progress--these are his words--was marvelous. Ib Maths Studies Coursework! I remember that when I was barely twelve years old I appeared on a program with a number of adults at an entertainment given for some charitable purpose, and carried off the honors. I did more, I brought upon myself through the local newspapers the handicapping title of Infant prodigy. I can believe that I did astonish my audience, for I never played the piano like a child, that is, in the one-two-three style with accelerated motion. Neither did I depend upon mere brilliancy of technic, a trick by which children often surprise their listeners, but I always tried to interpret a piece of music; I always played with feeling. Very early I acquired that knack of using the pedals which makes the piano a sympathetic, singing instrument; quite a different thing from the source of hard or blurred sounds it so generally is. I think this was due not entirely to natural artistic temperament, but largely to the. fact that I did not begin to learn the piano by counting out exercises, but by trying to reproduce the quaint songs which my mother used to sing, with all their pathetic turns and cadences. Even at a tender age, in essay-kidnapped, playing, I helped to express what I felt by some of the written by einstein, mannerisms which I afterwards observed in great performers; I had not copied them. I have often heard people speak of the mannerisms of musicians as affectations adopted for mere effect; in some cases this may be so; but a true artist can no more play upon essay-kidnapped, the piano or violin without putting his whole body in accord with the emotions he is striving to express than a swallow can fly without being graceful. Often when playing I could not keep the coursework, tears which formed in my eyes from narrative, rolling down my cheeks.

Sometimes at gothic essay the end or even in the midst of a composition as big a boy as I was, I would jump from the piano, and throw myself sobbing into my mother's arms. She, by narrative her caresses and often her tears, only encouraged these fits of sentimental hysteria. Of course, to counteract this tendency to temperamental excesses I should have been out a tragic essay, playing ball or in swimming with other boys of my age; but my mother didn't know that. There was only once when she was really firm with me, making me do what she considered was best; I did not want to return to school after the unpleasant. episode which I have related, and she was inflexible. I began my third term, and the days ran along as I have already indicated. I had been promoted twice, and had managed each time to pull Red along with me. I think the teachers came to essay-kidnapped consider me the only hope of his ever getting through school, and I believe they secretly conspired with me to bring about the desired end. At any rate, I know it became easier in each succeeding examination for a tragic hero essay, me not only to assist Red, but absolutely to do his work. Essay-kidnapped! It is strange how in some things honest people can be dishonest without the slightest compunction.

I knew boys at school who were too honorable to tell a fib even when one would have been just the right thing, but could not resist the temptation to assist or receive assistance in an examination. I have long considered it the highest proof of honesty in a man to hand his street-car fare to the conductor who had overlooked it. One afternoon after school, during my third term, I rushed home in a great hurry to get my dinner, and go to studies my music teacher's. I was never reluctant about going there, but on this particular afternoon I was impetuous. The reason of this was, I had been asked to play the accompaniment for a young lady who was to play a violin solo at a concert given by the young people of the church, and on this afternoon we were. to have our first rehearsal. At that time playing accompaniments was the only thing in music I did not enjoy; later this feeling grew into positive dislike. I have never been a really good accompanist because my ideas of interpretation were always too strongly individual. I constantly forced my accelerandos and rubatos upon the soloist, often throwing the duet entirely out of essay-kidnapped gear. Perhaps the reader has already guessed why I was so willing and anxious to play the accompaniment to on why you want this violin solo; if not,--the violinist was a girl of seventeen or eighteen whom I had first heard play a short time before on a Sunday afternoon at a special service of some kind, and essay-kidnapped who had moved me to a degree which now I can hardly think of as possible.

At present I do not think it was due to her wonderful playing, though I judge she must have been a very fair performer, but there was just the proper setting to produce the effect upon a boy such as I was; the half dim church, the air of devotion on a tragic hero, the part of the listeners, the heaving tremor of the organ under the clear wail of the violin, and she, her eyes almost closing, the escaping strands of her dark hair wildly framing her pale face, and her slender body swaying to the tones she called forth, all combined to fire my imagination and my heart with a passion though boyish, yet strong and, somehow, lasting. Narrative! I have tried to describe the scene; if I have succeeded it is only half success, for words can only. partially express what I would wish to convey. Written! Always in recalling that Sunday afternoon I am subconscious of a faint but distinct fragrance which, like some old memory-awakening perfume, rises and suffuses my whole imagination, inducing a state of reverie so airy as to just evade the powers of expression. She was my first love, and I loved her as only narrative essay-kidnapped, a boy loves. I dreamed of her, I built air castles for her, she was the incarnation of each beautiful heroine I knew; when I played the essays by einstein, piano it was to her, not even did music furnish an adequate outlet for my passion; I bought a new note-book, and, to sing her praises, made my first and last attempts at poetry. I remember one day at school, after having given in our note-books to have some exercises corrected, the teacher called me to her desk and said, I couldn't correct your exercises because I found nothing in essay-kidnapped, your book but a rhapsody on somebody's brown eyes. I had passed in the wrong note-book. I don't think I have felt greater embarrassment in my whole life than I did at that moment.

I was not only ashamed that my teacher should see this nakedness of my heart, but that she should find out that I had any knowledge of such affairs. It did not then occur to oedipus rex as a tragic me to be ashamed of the kind of poetry I had written. Of course, the essay-kidnapped, reader must know that all of this adoration was in secret; next to my great. love for this young lady was the dread that in some way she would find it out. I did not know what some men never find out, that the woman who cannot discern when she is loved has never lived.

It makes me laugh to think how successful I was in concealing it all; within a short time after our duet all of the friends of my dear one were referring to me as her little sweetheart, or her little beau, and she laughingly encouraged it. This did not entirely satisfy me; I wanted to be taken seriously. I had definitely made up my mind that I should never love another woman, and that if she deceived me I should do something desperate--the great difficulty was to think of something sufficiently desperate--and the heartless jade, how she led me on! So I hurried home that afternoon, humming snatches of the essay on why to be a doctor, violin part of the duet, my heart beating with pleasurable excitement over the fact that I was going to be near her, to have her attention placed directly upon me; that I was going to be of service to her, and in a way in essay-kidnapped, which I could show myself to essays education is the key to a successful advantage--this last consideration has much to do with cheerful service.--The anticipation produced in me a sensation somewhat between bliss and essay-kidnapped fear. I rushed through the gothic architecture, gate, took the three steps to the house at one bound, threw open the door, and was about to hang my cap on its accustomed peg of the hall rack when I noticed that that particular peg was. occupied by a black derby hat. I stopped suddenly, and gazed at this hat as though I had never seen an object of its description.

I was still looking at it in open-eyed wonder when my mother, coming out of the essay-kidnapped, parlor into the hallway, called me, and said there was someone inside who wanted to see me. Feeling that I was being made a party to essay conclusion some kind of mystery I went in with her, and there I saw a man standing leaning with one elbow on the mantel, his back partly turned toward the door. As I entered he turned, and I saw a tall, handsome, well dressed gentleman of perhaps thirty-five; he advanced a step toward me with a smile on his face. I stopped and looked at essay-kidnapped him with the same feelings with which I had looked at the derby hat, except that they were greatly magnified. I looked at him from head to foot, but he was an absolute blank to oedipus rex as hero me until my eyes rested on his slender, elegant, polished shoes; then it seemed that indistinct and partly obliterated films of memory began at first slowly then rapidly to unroll, forming a vague panorama of my childhood days in Georgia. My mother broke the spell by calling me by name, and saying, This is your father.

Father, Father, that was the word which had been to me a source of doubt and perplexity ever since the narrative, interview with my mother on the subject. How often I had wondered about my father, who he was, what he was like, whether. alive or dead, and oedipus above all, why she would not tell me about him. More than once I had been on the point of recalling to her the promise she had made me, but I instinctively felt that she was happier for not telling me and that I was happier for narrative, not being told; yet I had not the slightest idea what the real truth was. And here he stood before me, just the kind of looking father I had wishfully pictured him to be; but I made no advance toward him; I stood there feeling embarrassed and foolish, not knowing what to say or do. I am not sure but that he felt pretty much the same. Oedipus A Tragic Hero! My mother stood at my side with one hand on my shoulder almost pushing me forward, but I did not move.

I can well remember the look of narrative essay-kidnapped disappointment, even pain, on her face and I can now understand that she could expect nothing else but that at the name father I should throw myself into his arms. Cv Format! But I could not rise to essay-kidnapped this dramatic or, better, melodramatic climax. Somehow I could not arouse any considerable feeling of need for a father. He broke the awkward tableau by saying, Well, boy, aren't you glad to see me? He evidently meant the words kindly enough, but I don't know what he could have said that would have had a worse effect; however, my good breeding came to my rescue, and I answered, Yes, sir, and went to him and offered him my hand. Essay On Why You Want To Be! He took my hand into one of his, and, with the essay-kidnapped, other, stroked my head. saying that I had grown into a fine youngster. He asked me how old I was; which, of course, he must have done merely to gothic architecture essay say something more, or perhaps he did so as a test of my intelligence. I replied, Twelve, sir. He then made the trite observation about the flight of time, and narrative essay-kidnapped we lapsed into another awkward pause.

My mother was all in smiles; I believe that was one of the happiest moments of her life. Either to a tragic hero put me more at ease or to show me off, she asked me to play something for narrative essay-kidnapped, my father. There is only one thing in the world that can make music, at all times and under all circumstances, up to its general standard, that is essays by einstein a hand-organ, or one of its variations. I went to the piano and played something in a listless, half-hearted way. I simply was not in the mood. Narrative! I was wondering, while playing, when my mother would dismiss me and let me go; but my father was so enthusiastic in his praise that he touched my vanity--which was great--and more than that; he displayed that sincere appreciation which always arouses an artist to essay on why to be his best effort, and, too, in an unexplainable manner, makes him feel like shedding tears. I showed my gratitude by playing for him a Chopin waltz with all the feeling that was in me. When I had finished my mother's eyes were glistening with tears; my father stepped across the room, seized me in his arms, and narrative essay-kidnapped squeezed me to coursework his breast.

I am. certain that for that moment he was proud to be my father. He sat and narrative essay-kidnapped held me standing between his knees while he talked to my mother. I, in the meantime, examined him with more curiosity, perhaps, than politeness. I interrupted the conversation by cv format asking, Mother, is essay-kidnapped he going to stay with us now? I found it impossible to frame the word father it was too new to me; so I asked the question through my mother. Oedipus A Tragic Hero Essay! Without waiting for her to speak, my father answered, I've got to go back to New York this afternoon, but I'm coming to see you again.

I turned abruptly and went over to my mother, and narrative almost in a whisper reminded her that I had an appointment which I should not miss; to a tragic my pleasant surprise she said that she would give me something to eat at once so that I might go. She went out of the room, and narrative I began to gather from off the piano the music I needed. When I had finished, my father, who had been watching me, asked, Are you going? I replied, Yes, sir, I've got to go to practice for a concert. He spoke some words of advice to me about being a good boy and taking care of my mother when I grew up, and added that he was going to send me something nice from New York.

My mother called, and essay to be a doctor I said good-by to essay-kidnapped him, and oedipus rex as hero essay went out. I saw him only once after that. I quickly swallowed down what my mother had put on the table for essay-kidnapped, me, seized my cap and. music, and architecture hurried off to my teacher's house. On the way I could think of nothing but this new father, where he came from, where he had been, why he was here, and why he would not stay. In my mind I ran over the whole list of fathers I had become acquainted with in my reading, but I could not classify him. The thought did not cross my mind that he was different from me, and even if it had the mystery would not thereby have been explained; for notwithstanding my changed relations with most of my schoolmates, I had only a faint knowledge of prejudice and no idea at all how it ramified and affected the entire social organism.

I felt, however, that there was something about the narrative, whole affair which had to be hid. When I arrived I found that she of the brown eyes had been rehearsing with my teacher, and was on the point of leaving. My teacher with some expressions of surprise asked why I was late, and I stammered out the first deliberate lie of which I have any recollection. I told him that when I reached home from school I found my mother quite sick, and that I had stayed with her a while before coming. Then unnecessarily and gratuitously, to give my words force of conviction, I suppose, I added, I don't think she'll be with us very long. In speaking these words I must have been comical; for I noticed that my teacher, instead of written by einstein showing signs of anxiety or. sorrow, half hid a smile.

But how little did I know that in that lie I was speaking a prophecy. She of the brown eyes unpacked her violin, and narrative we went through the written by einstein, duet several times. I was soon lost to all other thoughts in narrative essay-kidnapped, the delights of essays on how education is the future music and love. I say delights of love without reservation; for at narrative no time of oedipus a tragic hero essay life is essay-kidnapped love so pure, so delicious, so poetic, so romantic, as it is in boyhood. A great deal has been said about the studies coursework, heart of a girl when she stands where the brook and river meet, but what she feels is negative; more interesting is the narrative, heart of a boy when just at the budding dawn of ib maths manhood he stands looking wide-eyed into the long vistas opening before him; when he first becomes conscious of the awakening and quickening of strange desires and narrative unknown powers; when what he sees and feels is still shadowy and essays written mystical enough to be intangible, and, so, more beautiful; when his imagination is unsullied, and his faith new and whole--then it is narrative essay-kidnapped that love wears a halo--the man who has not loved before he was fourteen has missed a fore-taste of Elysium. When I reached home it was quite dark, and I found my mother without a light, sitting rocking in a chair as she so often used to do in my childhood days, looking into the fire and singing softly to herself. I nestled close to her, and with her arms around me she haltingly told me who my father was,--a great man, a fine gentleman,--he. loved me and loved her very much; he was going to make a great man of me. All she said was so limited by reserve and so colored by her feelings that it was but half truth; and essay you want a doctor so, I did not yet fully understand. Perhaps I ought not pass on this narrative without mentioning that the duet was a great success; so great that we were obliged to respond with two encores. It seemed to me that life could hold no greater joy than it contained when I took her hand and we stepped down to the front of the stage bowing to our enthusiastic audience.

When we reached the little dressing-room, where the narrative essay-kidnapped, other performers were applauding as wildly as the audience, she impulsively threw both her arms around me, and on how future kissed me, while I struggled to get away. One day a couple of weeks after my father had been to see us, a wagon drove up to our cottage loaded with a big box. I was about to tell the essay-kidnapped, man on the wagon that they had made a mistake, when my mother, acting darkly wise, told them to bring their load in; she had them to unpack the cv format, box, and quickly there was evolved from the boards, paper and other packing material, a beautiful, brand new, upright piano. Then she informed me that it was a present to me from my father. I at once sat down and ran my fingers over the keys; the narrative essay-kidnapped, full, mellow tone of the. instrument was ravishing. I thought, almost remorsefully, of how I had left my father; but, even so, there momentarily crossed my mind a feeling of disappointment that the gothic architecture essay, piano was not a grand. The new instrument greatly increased the essay-kidnapped, pleasure of my hours of study and practice at home. Shortly after this I was made a member of the boys' choir, it being found that I possessed a clear, strong soprano voice. Education Is The Key To A Successful Future! I enjoyed the singing very much. About a year later I began the study of the pipe organ and the theory of music; and before I finished the grammar school I had written out several simple preludes for organ which won the narrative essay-kidnapped, admiration of my teacher, and which he did me the honor to rex as a tragic essay play at services.

The older I grew the more thought I gave to the question of my and my mother's position, and what was our exact relation to the world in general. My idea of the whole matter was rather hazy. My study of United States history had been confined to those periods which were designated in my book as Discovery, Colonial, Revolutionary, and Constitutional. I now began to study about the Civil War, but the story was told in such a condensed and skipping style that I gained from essay-kidnapped, it very little real information. It is a marvel how children ever learn any history out of books of that sort. And, too, I began now to gothic essay conclusion read the newspapers; I often saw. articles which aroused my curiosity, but did not enlighten me. But, one day, I drew from the circulating library a book that cleared the narrative, whole mystery, a book that I read with the same feverish intensity with which I had read the old Bible stories, a book that gave me my first perspective of the life I was entering; that book was Uncle Tom's Cabin. This work of Harriet Beecher Stowe has been the object of much unfavorable criticism.

It has been assailed, not only as fiction of the most imaginative sort, but as being a direct misrepresentation. Several successful attempts have lately been made to displace the book from northern school libraries. Its critics would brush it aside with the essays on how education is the a successful future, remark that there never was a Negro as good as Uncle Tom, nor a slave-holder as bad as Lagree. Narrative! For my part, I was never an admirer of Uncle Tom, nor of his type of goodness; but I believe that there were lots of old Negroes as foolishly good as he; the proof of which is that they knowingly stayed and worked the plantations that furnished sinews for the army which was fighting to keep them enslaved. But, in these later years, several cases have come to my personal knowledge in which old Negroes have died and left what was a considerable fortune to the descendants of essays written by einstein their former masters.

I do not think it takes any great stretch of the imagination to believe there was a fairly large class of slave holders typified in. Lagree. And we must also remember that the author depicted a number of worthless if not vicious Negroes, and narrative a slave holder who was as much of a Christian and a gentleman as it was possible for one in essays written by einstein, his position to be; that she pictured the happy, singing, shuffling darkey as well as the mother waiting for her child sold down river. I do not think it is claiming too much to say that Uncle Tom's Cabin was a fair and truthful panorama of slavery; however that may be, it opened my eyes as to essay-kidnapped who and what I was and on how key to a successful what my country considered me; in fact, it gave me my bearing. But there was no shock; I took the whole revelation in a kind of narrative essay-kidnapped stoical way. One of the greatest benefits I derived from reading the book was that I could afterwards talk frankly with my mother on all the questions which had been vaguely troubling my mind.

As a result, she was entirely freed from reserve, and often herself brought up the gothic conclusion, subject, talking of things directly touching her life and mine and of things which had come down to her through the old folks. What she told me interested and narrative even fascinated me; and, what may seem strange, kindled in me a strong desire to see the South. She spoke to me quite frankly about by einstein herself, my father and myself; she, the sewing girl of narrative my father's mother; he, an impetuous young man home from college; I, the child of essays on how a successful future this unsanctioned love. She told me even the narrative essay-kidnapped, principal reason for oedipus hero, our. coming North. My father was about to narrative be married to written by einstein a young lady of another great Southern family. She did not neglect to add that another reason for narrative, our being in Connecticut was that he intended to give me an education, and make a man of me. Essay On Why To Be A Doctor! In none of her talks did she ever utter one word of complaint against my father. She always endeavored to impress upon me how good he had been and still was, and narrative essay-kidnapped that he was all to us that custom and the law would allow. She loved him; more, she worshiped him, and she died firmly believing that he loved her more than any other woman in the world.

Perhaps she was right. Who knows? All of these newly awakened ideas and thoughts took the form of a definite aspiration on the day I graduated from the grammar school. Studies Coursework! And what a day that was! The girls in white dresses with fresh ribbons in narrative, their hair; the boys in new suits and creaky shoes; the great crowd of written parents and friends, the flowers, the prizes and narrative essay-kidnapped congratulations, made the day seem to me one of the greatest importance. I was on the programme, and played piano solo which was received by the audience with that amount of cv format applause which I had come to look upon as being only the just due to my talent.

But the real enthusiasm was aroused by Shiny. He was the principal speaker of the and well did he measure up to the honor. He made a striking picture, that thin little black. boy standing on the platform, dressed in clothes that did not fit him any too well, his eyes burning with excitement, his shrill, musical voice vibrating in essay-kidnapped, tones of appealing defiance, and his black face alight with such great intelligence and earnestness as to be positively handsome. What were his thoughts when he stepped forward and looked into that crowd of cv format faces, all white with the exception of a score or so that were lost to view.

I do not know, but I fancy he felt his loneliness. I think there must have rushed over him a feeling akin to that of a gladiator tossed into the arena and bade to fight for narrative essay-kidnapped, his life. I think that solitary little black figure standing there felt that for ib maths coursework, the particular time and place he bore the weight and narrative essay-kidnapped responsibility of his race; that for studies, him to fail meant general defeat; but he won, and nobly. Narrative! His oration was Wendell Phillips' Toussant L'Ouverture, a speech which may now be classed as rhetorical, even, perhaps, bombastic; but as the words fell from gothic conclusion, Shiny's lips their effect was magical. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! How so young an orator could stir so great enthusiasm was to be wondered at. Cv Format! When in the famous peroration, his voice trembling with suppressed emotion rose higher and higher and then rested on the name Toussant L'Ouverture, it was like touching an electric button which loosed the pent-up feelings of his listeners.

They actually rose to him. I have since known of colored men who have. been chosen as class orators in our leading universities, of others who have played on narrative essay-kidnapped, the Varsity foot-hall and baseball teams, of colored speakers who have addressed great white audiences. In each of you want these instances I believe the men were stirred by the same emotions which actuated Shiny on the day of his graduation; and, too, in each ease where the efforts have reached any high standard of narrative essay-kidnapped excellence they have been followed by the same phenomenon of essays written enthusiasm. I think the explanation of the narrative essay-kidnapped, latter lies in what is a basic, though often dormant, principle of the Anglo-Saxon heart, love of fair play. Shiny, it is true, was what is so common in cv format, his race, a natural orator; but I doubt that any white boy of equal talent could have wrought the same effect. Essay-kidnapped! The sight of that boy gallantly waging with puny, black arms, so unequal a battle, touched the deep springs in the hearts of his audience, and they were swept by a wave of sympathy and admiration. But the effect upon me of Shiny's speech was double; I not only shared the enthusiasm of his audience, but he imparted to rex as a tragic hero me some of his own enthusiasm.

I felt leap within me pride that I was colored; and I began to form wild dreams of bringing glory and honor to the Negro race. For days I could talk of nothing else with my mother except my ambitions to be a great man, a great colored man, to reflect credit on the race, and gain fame for myself. It was not until years after that I formulated a definite and feasible plan for realizing my dreams. I entered the high school with my class, and still continued my study of the piano, the narrative essay-kidnapped, pipe organ and rex as the theory of music. I had to drop out of the boys' choir on account of narrative essay-kidnapped a changing voice; this I regretted very much. As I grew older my love for reading grew stronger.

I read with studious interest everything I could find relating to cv format colored men who had gained prominence. My heroes had been King David, then Robert the essay-kidnapped, Bruce; now Frederick Douglass was enshrined in gothic essay conclusion, the place of honor. When I learned that Alexander Dumas was a colored man, I re-read Monte Cristo and narrative essay-kidnapped The Three Guardsmen with magnified pleasure. I lived between my music and books, on the whole a rather unwholesome life for a boy to cv format lead. Narrative! I dwelt in a world of imagination, of dreams and air castles,--the kind of essays by einstein atmosphere that sometimes nourishes a genius, more often men unfitted for the practical struggles of life. I never played a game of ball, never went fishing or learned to essay-kidnapped swim; in fact, the only outdoor exercise in gothic architecture, which I took any interest was skating. Nevertheless, though slender, I grew well-formed and in perfect health. After I entered the narrative essay-kidnapped, high school I began to notice the change in my mother's health, which I suppose had been going on oedipus rex as a tragic hero essay, for some years.

She began to complain a little and. to cough a great deal; she tried several remedies, and finally went to narrative see a doctor; but though she was failing in health she kept her spirits up. She still did a great deal of sewing, and in the busy seasons hired two women to help her. The purpose she had formed of having me go through college without financial worries kept her at gothic conclusion work when she was not fit for it. I was so fortunate as to be able to organize a class of eight or ten beginners on the piano, and so start a separate little fund of my own. As the time for my graduation from the high school grew nearer, the plans for my college career became the narrative, chief subject of cv format our talks. I sent for catalogues of all the narrative, prominent schools in the East, and eagerly gathered all the cv format, information I could concerning them from different sources.

My mother told me that my father wanted me to narrative essay-kidnapped go to Harvard or Yale; she herself had a half desire for me to go to Atlanta University, and even had me write for education is the a successful future, a catalogue of that school. There were two reasons, however, that inclined her to narrative my father's choice: the first, that at Harvard or Yale I should be near her; the you want, second, that my father had promised to essay-kidnapped pay a part of my college education. Both Shiny and Red came to essay my house quite often of evenings, and we used to narrative talk over our plans and prospects for the future. Sometimes I would play for them, and they seemed to a doctor enjoy the music very much. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! My mother often prepared. sundry southern dishes for them, which I am not sure but that they enjoyed more. Shiny had an uncle in Amherst, Mass., and he expected to live with him and work his way through Amherst College. Cv Format! Red declared that he had enough of narrative essay-kidnapped school and that after he got his high school diploma he would get a position in a bank. It was his ambition to become a banker, and he felt sure of getting the opportunity through certain members of his family.

My mother barely had strength to attend the closing exercises of the high school when I graduated; and essay on why to be after that day she was seldom out of essay-kidnapped bed. Conclusion! She could no longer direct her work, and under the expense of medicines, doctors, and narrative someone to studies coursework look after her, our college fund began to diminish rapidly. Many of her customers and some of the neighbors were very kind, and frequently brought her nourishment of one kind or another. My mother realized what I did not, that she was mortally ill, and essay-kidnapped she had me write a long letter to studies coursework my father. For some time past she had heard from him only at irregular intervals; we never received an answer. Narrative! In those last days I often sat at her bedside and read to her until she fell asleep. Gothic Architecture! Sometimes I would leave the parlor door open and narrative play on the piano, just loud enough for the music to reach her. This she always enjoyed. One night, near the essay you want, end of July, after I had.

been watching beside her for narrative essay-kidnapped, some hours, I went into the parlor, and throwing myself into oedipus rex as a tragic essay the big arm chair dozed off into a fitful sleep. I was suddenly aroused by one of the neighbors, who had come in to sit with her that night. She said, Come to your mother at once. I hurried upstairs, and at the bedroom door met the woman who was acting as nurse. I noted with a dissolving heart the narrative, strange look of awe on you want to be, her face. From my first glance at narrative essay-kidnapped my mother, I discerned the light of death upon on how, her countenance. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I fell upon my knees beside the bed, and burying my face in the sheets sobbed convulsively. Oedipus Hero Essay! She died with the fingers of her left hand entwined in my hair. I will not rake over this, one of the two sacred sorrows of my life; nor could I describe the feeling of unutterable loneliness that fell upon me. After the narrative, funeral I went to the house of my music teacher; he had kindly offered me the essays on how education is the future, hospitality of his home for so long as I might need it.

A few days later I moved my trunk, piano, my music and most of my books to his home; the rest of my books I divided between Shiny and Red. Some of the household effects I gave to Shiny's mother and to two or three of the neighbors who had been kind to us during my mother's illness; the others I sold. After settling up my little estate I found that besides a good supply of clothes, a piano, some books and other. trinkets, I had about two hundred dollars in cash. The question of what I was to do now confronted me. Narrative! My teacher suggested a concert tour; but both of us realized that I was too old to ib maths studies coursework be exploited as an infant prodigy and too young and inexperienced to narrative go before the public as a finished artist. Oedipus Rex As Essay! He, however, insisted that the people of the town would generously patronize a benefit concert, so took up the matter, and made arrangements for such an entertainment. A more than sufficient number of essay-kidnapped people with musical and cv format elocutionary talent volunteered their services to make a programme. Essay-kidnapped! Among these was my brown-eyed violinist. But our relations were not the same as they were when we had played our first duet together.

A year or so after that time she had dealt me a crushing blow by architecture essay conclusion getting married. I was partially avenged, however, by the fact that, though she was growing more beautiful, she was losing her ability to narrative play the violin. I was down on the programme for one number. My selection might have appeared at that particular time as a bit of affectation, but I considered it deeply appropriate; I played Beethoven's Sonata Pathétique. When I sat down at the piano, and glanced into the faces of the several hundreds of people who were there solely on essays a successful future, account of love or sympathy for me, emotions swelled in my heart which enabled me to narrative essay-kidnapped play the. Pathétique as I could never again play it. Oedipus Rex As A Tragic! When the last tone died away the few who began to applaud were hushed by the silence of the others; and for once I played without receiving an encore. The benefit yielded me a little more than two hundred dollars, thus raising my cash capital to about four hundred dollars.

I still held to my determination of going to college; so it was now a question of trying to squeeze through a year at Harvard or going to Atlanta where the money I had would pay my actual expenses for at least two years. The peculiar fascination which the narrative, South held over my imagination and essays written my limited capital decided me in favor of Atlanta University; so about the narrative, last of September I bade farewell to the friends and scenes of my boyhood, and boarded a train for the South. The farther I got below Washington the more disappointed I became in ib maths studies coursework, the appearance of the country. I peered through the car windows, looking in vain for the luxuriant semi-tropical scenery which I had pictured in my mind. I did not find the grass so green, nor the woods so beautiful, nor the flowers so plentiful, as they were in Connecticut. Instead, the red earth partly covered by tough, scrawny grass, the muddy straggling roads, the cottages of unpainted pine boards, and the clay daubed huts imparted a burnt up impression. Occasionally we ran through a little white and green village that was like an oasis in a desert. When I reached Atlanta my steadily increasing disappointment was not lessened.

I found it a big, dull, red town. This dull red color of narrative that part of the South I was then seeing had much, I think, to architecture essay conclusion do with the essay-kidnapped, extreme depression of my spirits--no public squares, no fountains, dingy street-cars and, with the exception of three or four principal thoroughfares, unpaved streets. Rex As Essay! It was raining when I arrived and some of these unpaved streets were absolutely impassable. Wheels. sank to the hubs in narrative, red mire, and I actually stood for an hour and watched four or five men work to save a mule, which had stepped into a deep sink, from hero, drowning, or, rather, suffocating in narrative, the mud. The Atlanta of to-day is a new city. On the train I had talked with one of the Pullman car porters, a bright young fellow who was himself a student, and told him that I was going to Atlanta to attend school. I had also asked him to tell me where I might stop for a day or two until the University opened. He said I might go with him to the place where he stopped during his layovers in gothic architecture essay, Atlanta.

I gladly accepted his offer, and went with him along one of those muddy streets until we came to a rather rickety looking frame house, which we entered. The proprietor of the narrative, house was a big, fat, greasy looking brown-skinned man. When I asked him if he could give me accommodation he wanted to essays know how long I would stay. I told him perhaps two days, not more than three. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! In reply he said, Oh, dat's all right den, at the same time leading the way up a pair of creaky stairs. I followed him and the porter to a room, the door of which the proprietor opened while continuing, it seemed, his remark, Oh, dat's all right den, by adding, You kin sleep in studies coursework, dat cot in narrative, de corner der. Fifty cents please. Rex As Hero Essay! The porter interrupted by narrative essay-kidnapped saying, You needn't collect from him now, he's got a trunk.

This seemed to oedipus rex as essay satisfy the man, and he went down. leaving me and my porter friend in narrative, the room. I glanced around the apartment and rex as hero saw that it contained a double bed and two cots, two wash-stands, three chairs, and a time-worn bureau with a looking-glass that would have made Adonis appear hideous. I looked at essay-kidnapped the cot in which I was to sleep and suspected, not without good reasons, that I should not be the first to use the sheets and pillow-case since they had last come from the wash. When I thought of the essays on how is the a successful, clean, tidy, comfortable surroundings in narrative essay-kidnapped, which I had been reared, a wave of homesickness swept over me that made me feel faint. Had it not been for the presence of my companion, and that I knew this much of his history,--that he was not yet quite twenty, just three years older than myself, and that he had been fighting his own way in essays on how, the world, earning his own living and providing for his own education since he was fourteen, I should not have been able to stop the tears that were welling up in my eyes. I asked him why it was that the proprietor of the house seemed unwilling to accommodate me for more than a couple of days. Narrative! He informed me that the ib maths studies coursework, man ran a lodging house especially for Pullman porters, and as their stays in town were not longer than one or two nights it would interfere with his arrangements to essay-kidnapped have anyone stay longer.

He went on essay conclusion, to say, You see this room is fixed up to accommodate four men at a time. Well, by. keeping a sort of table of trips, in and out, of the men, and working them like checkers, he can accommodate fifteen or sixteen in each week, and generally avoid having an empty bed. You happen to catch a bed that would have been empty for a couple of nights. I asked him where he was going to sleep. He answered, I sleep in that other cot to-night; to-morrow night I go out. He went on to tell me that the man who kept the house did not serve meals, and that if I was hungry we would go out and get something to eat. We went into the street, and in passing the railroad station I hired a wagon to take my trunk to my lodging place.

We passed along until, finally, we turned into a street that stretched away, up and down hill, for a mile or two; and here I caught my first sight of narrative essay-kidnapped colored people in large numbers. I had seen little squads around the railroad stations on my way south; but here I saw a street crowded with them. They filled the shops and thronged the sidewalks and lined the curb. I asked my companion if all the gothic architecture, colored people in Atlanta lived in this street. He said they did not, and assured me that the essay-kidnapped, ones I saw were of the lower class. Essay On Why You Want To Be! I felt relieved, in spite of the size of the essay-kidnapped, lower class. The unkempt appearance, the ib maths, shambling, slouching gait and loud talk and laughter of these people aroused in narrative essay-kidnapped, me a feeling of almost repulsion. Architecture Essay! Only one thing about. them awoke a feeling of interest; that was their dialect.

I had read some Negro dialect and had heard snatches of it on my journey down from Washington; but here I heard it in all of its fullness and freedom. I was particularly struck by narrative essay-kidnapped the way in which it was punctuated by such exclamatory phrases as Lawd a mussy! G'wan man! Bless ma soul! Look heah chile! These people talked and laughed without restraint. In fact, they talked straight from their lungs, and laughed from the pits of oedipus a tragic hero essay their stomachs. And this hearty laughter was often justified by the droll humor of some remark. Narrative! I paused long enough to hear one man say to another, W'at's de mattah wid you an' yo' fr'en' Sam? and the other came back like a flash, Ma fr'en? He ma fr'en?

Man! I'd go to his funeral jes de same as I'd go to cv format a minstrel show. Narrative! I have since learned that this ability to laugh heartily is, in part, the salvation of the American Negro; it does much to keep him from cv format, going the way of the Indian. The business places of the street along which we were passing consisted chiefly of low bars, cheap dry-goods and notion stores, barber shops, and fish and bread restaurants. We, at length, turned down a pair of stairs that led to a basement, and I found myself in an eating-house somewhat better than those I had seen in passing; but that did not mean much for its excellence. Essay-kidnapped! The.

place was smoky, the tables were covered with oil-cloth, the floor covered with sawdust, and ib maths studies from the kitchen came a rancid odor of fish fried over several times, which almost nauseated me. I asked my companion if this were the place where we were to narrative eat. You Want! He informed me that it was the best place in town where a colored man could get a meal. I then wanted to know why somebody didn't open a place where respectable colored people who had money could be accommodated. He answered, It wouldn't pay; all the respectable colored people eat at home, and the few who travel generally have friends in the towns to which they go, who entertain them. He added, Of course, you could go in any place in the city; they wouldn't know you from white. I sat down with the porter at one of the tables, but was not hungry enough to eat with any relish what was put before me.

The food was not badly cooked; but the iron knives and forks needed to be scrubbed, the plates and dishes and glasses needed to narrative essay-kidnapped he washed and well dried. I minced over what I took on my plate while my companion ate. When we finished we paid the waiter twenty cents each and went out. We walked around until the lights of the essays written, city were lit. Then the porter said that he must get to bed and have some rest, he had not had six hours' sleep since he left Jersey City. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I went back to on why you want to be a doctor our lodging-house with him. When I awoke in the morning there were, besides my new found friend, two other men in the room, asleep in the double bed.

I got up and dressed myself very quietly, so as not to awake anyone. I then drew from under the pillow my precious roll of greenbacks, took out essay-kidnapped, a ten dollar bill, and very softly unlocking my trunk, put the remainder, about three hundred dollars, in the inside pocket of a coat near the bottom; glad of the opportunity to put it unobserved in a place of safety When I had carefully locked my trunk, I tiptoed toward the door with the intention of going out to look for a decent restaurant where I might get something fit to eat. Essay You Want A Doctor! As I was easing the door open, my porter friend said with a yawn, Hello! You're going out? I answered him, Yes. Oh! he yawned again, I guess I've had enough sleep; wait a minute, I'll go with you. For the instant his friendship bored and embarrassed me. I had visions of another meal in the greasy restaurant of the day before. He must have divined my thoughts; for he went on essay-kidnapped, to say, I know a woman across town who takes a few boarders; I think we can go over there and get a good breakfast. Ib Maths Studies! With a feeling of mingled fears and doubts regarding what the breakfast might be, I waited until he had dressed himself.

When I saw the essay-kidnapped, neat appearance of the oedipus rex as a tragic, cottage we entered my fears vanished, and when I saw the narrative, woman who kept it my doubts followed the same. course. Scrupulously clean, in a spotless white apron and colored head handkerchief, her round face beaming with motherly kindness, she was picturesquely beautiful. She impressed me as one broad expanse of happiness and cv format good nature. In a few minutes she was addressing me as chile and honey. Narrative! She made me feel as though I should like to lay my head on her capacious bosom and go to sleep. And the breakfast, simple as it was, I could not have had at any restaurant in gothic essay conclusion, Atlanta at narrative any price. Essay On Why You Want To Be! There was fried chicken, as it is fried only in essay-kidnapped, the South, hominy boiled to the consistency where it could be eaten with a fork, and biscuits so light and flaky that a fellow with any appetite at all would have no difficulty in disposing of eight or ten. When I had finished I felt that I had experienced the realization of, at least, one of my dreams of essays written Southern life. During the meal we found out from our hostess, who had two boys in school, that Atlanta University opened on that very day.

I had somehow mixed my dates. My friend the porter suggested that I go out to the University at once and offered to walk over and show me the way. We had to walk because, although the essay-kidnapped, University was not more than twenty minutes distance from the gothic architecture essay conclusion, center of the city, there were no street-cars running in that direction. My first sight of the school grounds made me feel that I was not far. from home; here the red hills had been terraced and narrative essay-kidnapped covered with green grass; clean gravel walks, well shaded, lead up to the buildings; indeed, it was a bit of New England transplanted. On Why! At the gate my companion said he would bid me good-by, because it was likely that he would not see me again before his car went out. He told me that he would make two more trips to Atlanta, and that he would come out and see me; that after his second trip he would leave the Pullman service for the winter and return to school in Nashville.

We shook hands, I thanked him for all his kindness, and we said good-by. I walked up to a group of students and made some inquiries. They directed me to narrative the president's office in the main building. The president gave me a cordial welcome; it was more than cordial; he talked to me, not as the official head of essay you want to be a doctor a college, but as though he were adopting me into what was his large family, to personally look after my general welfare as well as my education. He seemed especially pleased with the fact that I had come to them all the narrative essay-kidnapped, way from the North. He told me that I could have come to the school as soon as I had reached the city, and that I had better move my trunk out at once. Ib Maths Studies Coursework! I gladly promised him that I would do so. He then called a boy and directed him to take me to the matron, and to show me around afterwards. I found the matron even more motherly than the president was.

fatherly. She had me to register, which was in effect to sign a pledge to abstain from the use of intoxicating beverages, tobacco, and profane language, while I was a student in the school. This act caused me no sacrifice; as, up to that time, I was free from either habit. The boy who was with me then showed me about the grounds. I was especially interested in the industrial building. The sounding of a bell, he told me, was the signal for the students to gather in the general assembly hall, and he asked me if I would go. Essay-kidnapped! Of course would. There were between three and four hundred students and perhaps all of the teachers gathered in the room. I noticed that several of the gothic, latter were colored.

The president gave a talk addressed principally to new comers but I scarcely heard what he said, I was so much occupied in narrative, looking at those around me. They were of all types and colors, the more intelligent types predominating. A Tragic Hero Essay! The colors ranged from jet black to narrative essay-kidnapped pure white, with light hair and eyes. Among the girls especially there were many so fair that it was difficult to believe that they had Negro blood in them. Oedipus Hero Essay! And, too, I could not help but notice that many of the girls, particularly those of the delicate brown shades, with black eyes and wavy dark hair, were decidedly pretty. Among the boys, many of the blackest were fine specimens of young manhood, tall, straight, and muscular, with magnificent heads; these were the.

kind of boys who developed into the patriarchal uncles of the old slave régime. When I left the University it was with the determination to get my trunk, and move out to the school before night. I walked back across the city with a light step and essay-kidnapped a light heart. I felt perfectly satisfied with life for the first time since my mother's death. In passing the railroad station I hired a wagon and rode with the driver as far as my stopping place.

I settled with my landlord and went upstairs to put away several articles I had left out. As soon as I opened my trunk a dart of architecture essay conclusion suspicion shot through my heart; the narrative essay-kidnapped, arrangement of things did not look familiar. I began to dig down excitedly to the bottom till I reached the coat in which I had concealed my treasure. My money was gone! Every single bill of it. I knew it was useless to do so, but I searched through every other coat, every pair of trousers, every vest, and even into each pair of socks. When I had finished my fruitless search I sat down dazed and heartsick. Written By Einstein! I called the landlord up, and narrative informed him of my loss; he comforted me by saying that I ought to have better sense than to keep money in essays key to a successful, a trunk, and that he was not responsible for his lodgers' personal effects.

His cooling words brought me enough to my senses to cause me to narrative look and rex as essay see if anything else was missing. Several small articles were gone, among them a black and gray necktie of. odd design upon which my heart was set; almost as much as the loss of my money, I felt the narrative essay-kidnapped, loss of my tie. After thinking for awhile as best I could, I wisely decided to go at once back to the University and essays written by einstein lay my troubles before the president. I rushed breathlessly back to the school. As I neared the grounds the narrative essay-kidnapped, thought came across me, would not my story sound fishy? Would it not place me in the position of an impostor or beggar? What right had I to worry these busy people with the results of my carelessness? If the rex as hero, money could not be recovered, and narrative essay-kidnapped I doubted that it could, what good would it do to written by einstein tell them about it. The shame and embarrassment which the whole situation gave me caused mc to stop at the gate. I paused, undecided, for a moment; then turned and slowly retraced my steps, and so changed the whole course of my life.

If the reader has never been in a strange city without money or friends, it is essay-kidnapped useless to try to describe what my feelings were; he could not understand. If he has been, it is equally useless, for he understands more than words could convey. When I reached my lodgings I found in the room one of the porters who had slept there the written by einstein, night before. When he heard what misfortune had befallen me he offered many words of sympathy and advice. Essay-kidnapped! He asked me how much money I had left, I told him that I had ten or twelve dollars in my. pocket. He said, That won't last you very long here, and you will hardly be able to find anything to do in Atlanta. I'll tell you what you do, go down to Jacksonville and you won't have any trouble to get a job in one of the big hotels there, or in St. Augustine. I thanked him, but intimated my doubts of being able to get to Jacksonville on the money I had.

He reassured me by saying, Oh, that's all right. You express your trunk on through, and I'll take you down in my closet. Essay Conclusion! I thanked him again, not knowing then, what it was to travel in essay-kidnapped, a Pullman porter's closet. He put me under a deeper debt of gratitude by lending me fifteen dollars, which he said I could pay back after I had secured work. His generosity brought tears to my eyes, and I concluded that, after all, there were some kind hearts in the world. I now forgot my troubles in the hurry and excitement of getting my trunk off in time to catch the train, which went out at seven o'clock. I even forgot that I hadn't eaten anything since morning. We got a wagon--the porter went with me--and took my trunk to the express office. My new friend then told me to come to the station at about a quarter of seven, and walk straight to the car where I should see him standing, and not to lose my nerve. I found my rôle not so difficult to play as I thought it would he, because the train did not leave from the central station, but from a.

smaller one, where there were no gates and guards to pass. Cv Format! I followed directions, and the porter took me on his car, and locked me in his closet. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! In a few minutes the train pulled out for Jacksonville. I may live to be a hundred years old. but I shall never forget the agonies I suffered that night. I spent twelve hours doubled up in the porter's basket for soiled linen, not being able to straighten up on account of the shelves for clean linen just over my head.. The air was hot and suffocating and the smell of damp towels and used linen was sickening. At each lurch of the car over oedipus, the none too smooth track, I was bumped and bruised against the narrow walls of my narrow compartment. I became acutely conscious of the fact that I had not eaten for hours. Then nausea took possession of me, and at one time I had grave doubts about reaching my destination alive. If I had the trip to make again, I should prefer to walk.

The next morning I got out of the car at Jacksonville with a stiff and aching body. I determined to essay-kidnapped ask no more porters, not even my benefactor, about stopping places; so I found myself on the street not knowing where to go. Written By Einstein! I walked along listlessly until I met a colored man who had the appearance of a preacher. I asked him if he could direct me to a respectable boarding-house for colored people. He said that if I walked along with him in the direction he was going he would show me such a place. I turned and walked at his side. Narrative! He proved to he a minister, and asked me a great many direct questions about architecture myself.

I answered as many as I saw fit to answer; the others I evaded or ignored. Essay-kidnapped! At length. we stopped in front of a frame house, and my guide informed me that it was the place. A woman was standing in the doorway, and he called to her saying that he had brought her a new boarder. I thanked him for his trouble, and after he had urged upon me to essay to be attend his church while I was in the city, he went on his way. I went in and found the house neat and not uncomfortable. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! The parlor was furnished with. cane-bottomed chairs, each of which was adorned with a white crocheted tidy.

The mantel over cv format, the fireplace had a white crocheted cover; a marble-topped center table held a lamp, a photograph album and several trinkets, each of which was set upon a white crocheted mat. Essay-kidnapped! There was a cottage organ in a corner of the gothic architecture conclusion, room, and I noted that the lamp-racks upon it were covered with white crocheted mats. There was a matting on the floor, but a white crocheted carpet would not have been out of keeping. Narrative! I made arrangements with the landlady for my hoard and lodging; the amount was, I think, three dollars and a half a week. She was a rather fine looking, stout, brown-skinned woman of about forty years of age. Her husband was a light colored Cuban, a man about one half her size, and one whose age could not be guessed from his appearance. Essay You Want A Doctor! He was small in narrative, ize, but a handsome black mustache and typical Spanish eyes redeemed him from insignificance. I was in time for breakfast, and at the table I had the opportunity to see my fellow-boarders. By Einstein! There were eight or ten of essay-kidnapped them.

Two, as I afterwards learned, were colored Americans. All of ib maths studies them were cigar makers and worked in one of the large factories--cigar making is the one trade in narrative essay-kidnapped, which the color-line is not drawn. The conversation was carried on entirely in Spanish, and written my ignorance of the narrative, language subjected me more to essay on why alarm than embarrassment. I had never heard. such uproarious conversation; everybody talked at once, loud exclamations, rolling carambas, menacing gesticulations with knives, forks, and spoons. Essay-kidnapped! I looked every moment for the clash of blows. One man was emphasizing his remarks by flourishing a cup in his hand, seemingly forgetful of the fact that it was nearly full of hot coffee.

He ended by emptying it over what was, relatively, the only quiet man at the table excepting myself, bringing from him a volley of language which made the others appear dumb by comparison. I soon learned that in all of this clatter of voices and table utensils they were discussing purely ordinary affairs and arguing about mere trifles, and that not the on how education future, least ill-feeling was aroused. It was not long before I enjoyed the narrative, spirited chatter and studies badinage at the table as much as I did my meals,--and the meals were not bad. I spent the afternoon in narrative essay-kidnapped, looking around the town. The streets were sandy, but were well shaded by fine oak trees, and far preferable to the clay roads of Atlanta. One or two public squares with green grass and essays written by einstein trees gave the city a touch of freshness. That night after supper I spoke to my landlady and her husband about my intentions. They told me that the narrative essay-kidnapped, big winter hotels would not open within two months. It can easily be imagined what effect this news had on cv format, me. I spoke to them frankly about narrative essay-kidnapped my financial condition and related the main fact of my misfortune in Atlanta. I modestly mentioned my ability to teach music and asked if there was any likelihood of my being able to get some scholars.

My landlady suggested that I speak to the preacher who had shown me her house; she felt sure that through his influence I should be able to get up a class in cv format, piano. She added, however, that the colored people were poor, and that the general price for music lessons was only twenty-five cents. I noticed that the thought of my teaching white pupils did not even remotely enter her mind. None of narrative this information made my prospects look much brighter . The husband, who up to this time had allowed the woman to do most of the talking, gave me the first bit of tangible hope; he said that he could get me a job as a stripper in the factory where he worked, and that if I succeeded in getting some music pupils I could teach a couple of cv format them every night, and so make a living until something better turned up. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! He went on to say that it would not be a bad thing for ib maths, me to stay at the factory and learn my trade as a cigar maker, and narrative impressed on me that, for a young man knocking about the country, a trade was a handy thing to have.

I determined to accept his offer and ib maths studies coursework thanked him heartily. In fact, I became enthusiastic, not only because I saw a way out of my financial troubles, but also because I was eager and curious over the new experience I was about to enter. I Wanted to know all about the narrative essay-kidnapped, cigar making. business. Essays Written By Einstein! This narrowed the conversation down to the husband and myself, so the essay-kidnapped, wife went in rex as hero essay, and left us talking.

He was what is narrative essay-kidnapped called a regaliá workman, and on how is the a successful future earned from thirty-five to forty dollars a week. He generally worked a sixty dollar job; that is, he made cigars for which he was paid at the rate of sixty dollars per thousand. Essay-kidnapped! It was impossible for him to make a thousand in a week because he had to work very carefully and slowly. Each cigar was made entirely by hand. Each piece of essay filler and each wrapper had to be selected with care. He was able to make a bundle of one hundred cigars in a day, not one of which could be told from the others by any difference in size or shape, or even by any appreciable difference in weight. This was the acme of essay-kidnapped artistic skill in cigar making. Workmen of essays on how education is the key to this class were rare, never more than three or four of narrative them in one factory, and it was never necessary for them to remain out of work. There were men who made two, three, and four hundred cigars of the cheaper grades in a day; they had to be very fast in order to make decent week's wages. Cigar making was a rather independent trade; the essay a doctor, men went to work when they pleased and knocked off when they felt like doing so. As a class the workmen were careless and improvident; some very rapid makers would not work more than three or four days out of the week, and there were others who never.

showed up at the factory on Mondays. Strippers were the boys who pulled the long stems from the tobacco leaves. After they had served at that work for narrative essay-kidnapped, a certain time they were given tables as apprentices. All of this was interesting to me; and we drifted along in ib maths studies, conversation until my companion struck the narrative essay-kidnapped, subject nearest his heart, the independence of Cuba. He was an exile from the island, and gothic essay a prominent member of the Jacksonville Junta. Every week sums of narrative essay-kidnapped money were collected from coursework, juntas all over the country. This money went to buy arms and ammunition for the insurgents. As the man sat there nervously smoking his long, green cigar, and telling me of the Gomezes, both the white one and narrative essay-kidnapped the black one, of Macco and Bandera, he grew positively eloquent. He also showed that he was a man of cv format considerable education and reading. He spoke English excellently, and narrative frequently surprised me by using words one would hardly expect from on why you want to be a doctor, a foreigner.

The first one of this class of essay-kidnapped words he employed almost shocked me, and I never forgot it, 'twas ramify. We sat on the piazza until after ten o'clock. When e arose to go in to bed it was with the understanding that I should start in the factory on the next day. I began work the next morning seated at a barrel with another boy, who showed me how to cv format strip the stems from the leaves, to smooth out each half. leaf, and to put the rights together in one pile, and the lefts together in narrative, another pile on the edge of the barrel. My fingers, strong and sensitive from their long training, were well adapted to this kind of work; and within two weeks I was accounted the fastest stripper in the factory. At first the heavy odor of the tobacco almost sickened me; but when I became accustomed to it I liked the essay on why you want a doctor, smell. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I was now earning four dollars a week, and was soon able to pick up a couple more by teaching a few scholars at night, whom I had secured through the essays on how a successful, good offices of the preacher I had met on my first morning in Jacksonville. At the end of about three months, through my skill as a stripper and the influence of narrative essay-kidnapped my landlord, I was advanced to a table, and began to learn my trade; in fact, more than my trade; for I learned not only to make cigars, but also to smoke, to swear, and to speak Spanish. I discovered that I had a talent for languages as well as for music.

The rapidity and ease with which I acquired Spanish astonished my associates. In a short time I. was able not only to understand most of cv format what was said at the table during meals, but to join in the conversation. I bought a method for learning the Spanish language, and with the aid of my landlord as a teacher, by constant practice with my fellow workmen, and by regularly reading the Cuban newspapers, and finally some books of standard Spanish literature which were at the house, I was able in less than a year to speak like a native. In fact, it was my pride that I spoke better Spanish than many of the Cuban workmen at narrative the factory. After I had been in the factory a little over a year, I was repaid for all the effort I had put forth to you want to be learn Spanish by being selected as reader. The reader is essay-kidnapped quite an institution in all cigar factories which employ Spanish-speaking workmen. He sits in the center of the large room in which the cigar makers work and reads to them for a certain number of hours each day all the important news from the a doctor, papers and whatever else he may consider would be interesting. He often selects an exciting novel, and essay-kidnapped reads it in daily installments. He must, of course, have a good voice, but he must also have a reputation among the essay on why a doctor, men for intelligence, for being well posted and having in his head a stock of varied information. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! He is generally the final authority on all arguments which arise; and, in architecture essay, a cigar factory, these arguments are many and frequent, ranging from discussions on essay-kidnapped, the respective and relative merits of rival baseball clubs to the duration of the sun's light and energy--cigar-making is a trade in which talk does not interfere with work.

My position as reader not only released me from the gothic essay, rather monotonous work of rolling cigars, and gave me something more in accord with my tastes, but also added considerably to my income. I was now. earning about twenty-five dollars a week, and narrative was able to gothic architecture essay conclusion give up my peripatetic method of giving music lessons. I hired a piano and taught only those who could arrange to take their lessons where I lived. I finally gave up teaching entirely; as what I made scarcely paid for my time and trouble. I kept the piano, however, in order to narrative keep up my own studies, and occasionally I played at some church concert or other charitable entertainment. Through my music teaching and my not absolutely irregular attendance at church I became acquainted with the best class of colored people in Jacksonville. This was really my entrance into the race. It was my initiation into what I have termed the freemasonry of the race.

I had formulated a theory of what it was to rex as essay be colored, now I was getting the narrative, practice. The novelty of my position caused me to observe and consider things which, I think, entirely escaped the young men I associated with; or, at least, were so commonplace to them as not to architecture essay conclusion attract their attention. And of many of the impressions which came to me then I have realized the narrative, full import only essays by einstein, within the past few years, since I have had a broader knowledge of men and history, and a fuller comprehension of the tremendous struggle which is going on between the races in the South. It is a struggle; for though the black man fights passively he nevertheless fights; and narrative essay-kidnapped his passive resistance is on how a successful future more effective at present than active. resistance could possibly be. He bears the fury of the storm as does the willow tree. It is a struggle; for though the white man of the essay-kidnapped, South may be too proud to cv format admit it, he is, nevertheless, using in essay-kidnapped, the contest his best energies; he is devoting to it the greater part of his thought and studies coursework much of his endeavor. The South to-day stands panting and almost breathless from its exertions.

And how the narrative, scene of the struggle has shifted! The battle was first waged over the right of the Negro to be classed as a human being with a soul; later, as to essay on why whether he had sufficient intellect to master even the rudiments of narrative essay-kidnapped learning; and to-day it is being fought out over his social recognition. I said somewhere in the early part of this narrative that because the colored man looked at everything through the prism of his relationship to society as a colored man, and cv format because most of his mental efforts ran through the narrow channel bounded by his rights and his wrongs, it was to be wondered at essay-kidnapped that he has progressed so broadly as he has. The same thing may be said of the white man of the South; most of his mental efforts run through one narrow channel; his life as a man and a citizen, many of his financial activities and future all of his political activities are impassably limited by essay-kidnapped the ever present Negro question. I am sure it would be safe to cv format wager that no group of Southern white men could get. together and talk for sixty minutes without bringing up the narrative, race question. If a Northern white man happened to be in ib maths studies, the group the time could be safely cut to essay-kidnapped thirty minutes.

In this respect I consider the condition of the oedipus rex as essay, whites more to be deplored than that of the blacks. Here, a truly great people, a people that produced a majority of the narrative essay-kidnapped, great historic Americans from Washington to gothic architecture essay conclusion Lincoln now forced to use up its energies in a conflict as lamentable as it is violent. I shall give the observations I made in Jacksonville as seen through the light of after years; and they apply generally to every Southern community. The colored people may he said to be roughly divided into three classes, not so much in respect to themselves as in respect to their relations with the whites. There are those constituting what might be called the essay-kidnapped, desperate class,--the men who work in the lumber and turpentine camps, the ex-convicts, the bar-room loafers are all in this class. These men conform to the requirements of civilization much as a trained lion with low muttered growls goes through his stunts under the by einstein, crack of the trainer's whip.

They cherish a sullen hatred for all white men, and they value life as cheap. I have heard more than one of them say, I'll go to hell for the first white man that bothers me. Many who have expressed that sentiment have kept their word; and it is narrative that fact which gives such prominence to this class; for in. numbers it is but a small proportion of the colored people, but it often dominates public opinion concerning the whole race. Happily, this class represents the black people of the South far below their normal physical and moral condition, but in its increase lies the possibility of grave dangers.

I am sure there is no more urgent work before the white South, not only for its present happiness, but its future safety, than the decreasing of this class of blacks. And it is not at all a hopeless class; for these men are but the creatures of conditions, as much so as the slum and criminal elements of all the great cities of the world are creatures of conditions. Decreasing their number by shooting and burning them off will not be successful; for these men are truly desperate, and thoughts of death, however terrible, have little effect in deterring them from written by einstein, acts the narrative essay-kidnapped, result of hatred or degeneracy. This class of blacks hate everything covered by a white skin, and in return they are loathed by the whites. The whites regard them just about as a man would a vicious mule, a thing to be worked, driven and beaten, and killed for cv format, kicking. The second class, as regards the relation between blacks and whites, comprises the servants, the washer-women, the waiters, the cooks, the narrative essay-kidnapped, coachmen, and gothic all who are connected with the whites by narrative domestic service. Ib Maths Studies! These may be generally characterized as simple, kindhearted and. faithful; not over fine in their moral deductions, but intensely religious, and relatively,--such matters can be judged only relatively,--about as honest and wholesome in their lives as any other grade of society.

Any white person is good who treats them kindly, and they love them for that kindness. In return, the white people with whom they have to do regard them with indulgent affection. They come into essay-kidnapped close daily contact with the whites, and essay may be called the connecting link between whites and blacks; in fact, it is through them that the whites know the essay-kidnapped, rest of their colored neighbors. Between this class of the blacks and the whites there is on why a doctor little or no friction. The third class is composed of the independent workmen and tradesmen, and of the well-to-do and educated colored people; and, strange to say, for a directly opposite reason they are as far removed from the whites as the narrative, members of the first class I mentioned. These people live in a little world of their own; in fact, I concluded that if a colored man wanted to separate himself from his white neighbors he had but to acquire some money, education and by einstein culture, and to live in accordance. For example, the proudest and fairest lady in the South could with propriety--and it is narrative essay-kidnapped what she would most likely do--go to ib maths coursework the cabin of Aunt Mary her cook, if Aunt Mary were sick, and minister to comfort with her own hands; but if Mary's daughter, Eliza, a girl who used to run around my lady's. kitchen, but who has received an education and married a prosperous young colored man, were at death's door, my lady would no more think of crossing the threshold of Eliza's cottage than she would of essay-kidnapped going into a bar-room for key to a successful, a drink. I was walking down the essay-kidnapped, street one day with a young man who was born in Jacksonville, but had been away to prepare himself for a professional life. We passed a young white man, and my companion said to me, You see that young man?

We grew up together, we have played, hunted, and fished together, we have even eaten and slept together, and now since I have come back home he barely speaks to me. The fact that the whites of the architecture essay, South despise and ill-treat the desperate class of blacks is narrative not only explainable according to the ancient laws of human nature, but it is on why to be a doctor not nearly so serious or important as the fact that as the progressive colored people advance they constantly widen the gulf between themselves and their white neighbors. I think that the white people somehow feel that colored people who have education and narrative essay-kidnapped money, who wear good clothes and live in comfortable houses, are putting on airs, that they do these things for the sole purpose of spiting the white folks, or are, at best, going through a sort of essays on how is the key to a successful monkey-like imitation. Of course, such feelings can only cause irritation or breed disgust. It seems that the whites have not yet been able to realize and narrative essay-kidnapped understand that these people in. striving to better their physical and social surroundings in architecture essay, accordance with their financial and essay-kidnapped intellectual progress are simply obeying an impulse which is common to human nature the world over.

I am in grave doubt as to whether the greater part of the friction in the South is caused by essay the whites having a natural antipathy to Negroes as a race, or an narrative, acquired antipathy to Negroes in certain relations to themselves. However that may be, there is to my mind no more pathetic side of this many sided question than the isolated position into which are forced the very colored people who most need and a tragic who could best appreciate sympathetic coöperation; and narrative essay-kidnapped their position grows tragic when the effort is made to couple them, whether or no, with the Negroes of the first class I mentioned. This latter class of colored people are well disposed towards the whites, and always willing to meet them more than half way. They, however, feel keenly any injustice or gross discrimination, and generally show their resentment. Oedipus Rex As A Tragic Hero Essay! The effort is sometimes made to convey the impression that the better class of colored people fight against riding in jim crow cars because they want to ride with white people or object to being with humbler members of their own race. The truth is they object to the humiliation of being forced to ride in a particular car, aside from the fact that that car is distinctly inferior, and that they are required to pay full first-class fare.

To say that the whites. are forced to ride in the superior car is less than a joke. And, too, odd as it may sound, refined colored people get no more pleasure out of essay-kidnapped riding with offensive Negroes than anybody else would get. I can realize more fully than I could years ago that the position of the advanced element of the colored race is often very trying. They are the ones among the oedipus hero essay, blacks who carry the entire weight of the race question; it worries the others very little, and I believe the only thing which at times sustains them is that they know that they are in the right. Narrative! On the essay on why a doctor, other hand, this class of colored people get a good deal of pleasure out of narrative essay-kidnapped life; their existence is far from being one long groan about their condition. Written By Einstein! Out of a chaos of ignorance and poverty they have evolved a social life of narrative which they need not be ashamed. In cities where the professional and well-to-do class is cv format large, they have formed society,--society as discriminating as the narrative, actual conditions will allow it to be; I should say, perhaps, society possessing discriminating tendencies which become rules as fast as actual conditions allow. This statement will, I know, sound preposterous, even ridiculous, to some persons; but as this class of colored people is the least known of the race it is not surprising. These social circles are connected throughout the studies, country, and a person in good standing in one city is readily accepted in another. One who is on the outside will often find it a difficult matter to get in.

I know. of one case personally in which money to narrative essay-kidnapped the extent of thirty or forty thousand dollars and a fine house, not backed up by essay you want to be a doctor a good reputation, after several years of repeated effort, failed to gain entry for the possessor. These people have their dances and dinners and card parties, their musicals and their literary societies. The women attend social affairs dressed in good taste, and the men in evening dress-suits which they own; and narrative the reader will make a mistake to confound these entertainments with the Bellman's Balls and Whitewashers' Picnics and Lime Kiln Clubs with which the rex as, humorous press of the country illustrates Cullud Sassiety. Jacksonville, when I was there, was a small town, and the number of educated and well-to-do colored people was few; so this society phase of life did not equal what I have since seen in Boston, Washington, Richmond, and Nashville; and it is upon what I have more recently seen in these cities that I have made the narrative, observations just above. However, there were many comfortable and on why you want pleasant homes in Jacksonville to which I was often invited.

I belonged to narrative essay-kidnapped the literary society--at which we generally discussed the race question--and attended all of the church festivals and other charitable entertainments. In this way I passed three years which were not at all the least enjoyable of my life. In fact, my joy took such an cv format, exuberant turn that I fell in love with a young school. teacher and began to have dreams of matrimonial bliss; but another turn in narrative, the course of my life brought these dreams to ib maths coursework an end. I do not wish to mislead my readers into thinking that I led a life in Jacksonville which would make copy as the hero of a Sunday School library book. Essay-kidnapped! I was a hale fellow well met with all of the workmen at the factory, most of whom knew little and cared less about social distinctions. From their example I learned to be careless about architecture essay conclusion money; and for that reason I constantly postponed and finally abandoned returning to Atlanta University. It seemed impossible for narrative, me to save as much as two hundred dollars. Several of the essay conclusion, men at the factory were my intimate friends, and I frequently joined them in essay-kidnapped, their pleasures. During the summer months we went almost every Monday on an excursion to a seaside resort called Pablo Beach. These excursions were always crowded.

There was a dancing pavilion, a great deal of drinking and generally a fight or two to add to ib maths the excitement. I also contracted the cigar-maker's habit of riding around in essay-kidnapped, a hack on Sunday afternoons. Ib Maths Studies! I sometimes went with my cigar-maker friends to public balls that were given at a large hall on one of the main streets. I learned to take a drink occasionally and paid for quite a number that my friends took; but strong liquors never appealed to my appetite. I drank them only when the narrative essay-kidnapped, company I was in required it, and suffered for ib maths studies coursework, it. afterwards.

On the whole, though I was a bit wild, I can't remember that I ever did anything disgraceful, or, as the usual standard for young men goes, anything to essay-kidnapped forfeit my claim to respectability. At one of the first public balls I attended I saw the Pullman car porter who had so kindly assisted me in getting to gothic architecture Jacksonville. Essay-kidnapped! I went immediately to cv format one of my factory friends and essay-kidnapped borrowed fifteen dollars with which to repay the loan my benefactor had made me. Gothic Essay Conclusion! After I had given him the money, and was thanking him, I noticed that he wore what was, at least, an exact duplicate of my lamented black and gray tie. It was somewhat worn, but distinct enough for me to trace the same odd design which had first attracted my eye. This was enough to arouse my strongest suspicions, but whether it was sufficient for the law to narrative essay-kidnapped take cognizance of I did not consider. My astonishment and cv format the ironical humor of the situation drove everything else out of my mind. These balls were attended by a great variety of people. They were generally given by the waiters of some one of the big hotels, and were often patronized by a number of hotel guests who came to see the sights.

The crowd was always noisy, but good-natured; there was much quadrille dancing, and a strong-lunged man called figures in narrative essay-kidnapped, a voice which did not confine itself to the limits of the hall. Essay Conclusion! It is not worth the while for me to. describe in detail how these people acted; they conducted themselves in about the narrative essay-kidnapped, same manner as I have seen other people at similar balls conduct themselves. When one has seen something of the world and human nature he must conclude, after all, that between people in like stations of life there is very little difference the world over. However, it was at one of these balls that I first saw the cake-walk. There was a contest for a gold watch, to be awarded to the hotel head-waiter receiving the greatest number of votes. There was some dancing while the votes were being counted. Then the floor was cleared for the cake-walk.

A half-dozen guests from some of the hotels took seats on gothic conclusion, the stage to act as judges, and twelve or fourteen couples began to walk for a sure enough highly decorated cake, which was in plain evidence. The spectators crowded about the narrative essay-kidnapped, space reserved for the contestants and watched them with interest and excitement. The couples did not walk around in you want to be, a circle, but in a square, with the men on the inside. The fine points to be considered were the bearing of the men, the precision with which they turned the corners, the grace of the women, and the ease with which they swung around the narrative, pivots. The men walked with stately and soldierly step, and rex as essay the women with considerable grace. The judges arrived at narrative essay-kidnapped their decision by a process of elimination. The music and the walk continued for some minutes; then both were. stopped while the essay you want to be a doctor, judges conferred, when the walk began again several couples were left out. In this way the contest was finally narrowed down to three or four couples.

Then the excitement became intense; there was much partisan cheering as one couple or another would execute a turn in extra elegant style. Essay-kidnapped! When the cake was finally awarded the spectators were about ib maths studies coursework evenly divided between those who cheered the winners and those who muttered about the narrative essay-kidnapped, unfairness of the judges. This was the cake-walk in its original form, and it is what the colored performers on the theatrical stage developed into the prancing movements now known all over the world, and which some Parisian critics pronounced the rex as a tragic hero essay, acme of poetic motion. There are a great many colored people who are ashamed of the cake-walk, but I think they ought to be proud of it. It is my opinion that the colored people of this country have done four things which refute the oft advanced theory that they are an absolutely inferior race, which demonstrate that they have originality and artistic conception; and, what is more, the narrative essay-kidnapped, power of creating that which can influence and appeal universally.

The first two of these are the education is the, Uncle Remus stories, collected by Joel Chandler Harris, and the Jubilee songs, to which the Fisk singers made the public and the skilled musicians of both America and Europe listen. The other two are ragtime music and narrative the cake-walk. No one who has traveled can. question the to be a doctor, world-conquering influence of ragtime; and narrative I do not think it would be an exaggeration to say that in on why you want, Europe the United States is popularly known better by ragtime than by anything else it has produced in essay-kidnapped, a generation. In Paris they call it American music. The newspapers have already told how the practice of intricate cake walk steps has taken up the time of European royalty and nobility. These are lower forms of art, but they give evidence of a power that will some day be applied to the higher forms.

In this measure, at least, and aside from the number of ib maths studies prominent individuals the colored people of the United States have produced, the race has been a world influence; and all of the Indians between Alaska and Patagonia haven't done as much. Just when I was beginning to look upon Jacksonville as my permanent home, and was beginning to plan about marrying the young school teacher, raising a family, and working in a cigar factory the narrative essay-kidnapped, rest of my life, for some reason, which I do not now remember, the ib maths coursework, factory at which I worked was indefinitely shut down. Some of the men got work in other factories in narrative, town, some decided to go to Key West and ib maths studies coursework Tampa, others made up their minds to go to New York for work. All at once a desire like a fever seized me to see the North again, and I cast my lot with those bound for New York. We steamed up into New York harbor late one afternoon in spring.

The last efforts of the sun were being put forth in turning the waters of the bay to glistening gold; the green islands on essay-kidnapped, either side, in spite of essays their warlike mountings, looked calm and peaceful; the buildings of the town shone out in a reflected light which gave the narrative, city an air of enchantment; and, truly, it is an essays written, enchanted spot. New York City is the narrative essay-kidnapped, most fatally fascinating thing in America. She sits like a great witch at the gate of the country, showing her alluring white face, and studies hiding her crooked hands and feet under the narrative, folds of her wide garments,--constantly enticing thousands from far within, and tempting those who come from across the rex as hero, seas to go no farther. And all these become the essay-kidnapped, victims of her caprice. Some she at once crushes beneath her cruel feet; others she condemns to a fate like that of galley slaves; a few she favors and fondles, riding them high on the bubbles of fortune; then with a sudden breath she blows the bubbles out and conclusion laughs mockingly as she watches them fall. Twice I had passed through it; but this was really my first visit to New York; and narrative as I walked. about that evening I began to feel the dread power of the city; the crowds, the lights, the excitement, the cv format, gayety and all its subtler stimulating influences began to take effect upon narrative essay-kidnapped, me. My blood ran quicker, and I felt that I was just beginning to live. Coursework! To some natures this stimulant of life in narrative essay-kidnapped, a great city becomes a thing as binding and necessary as opium is to one addicted to the habit. It becomes their breath of life; they cannot exist outside of it; rather than be deprived of it they are content to gothic conclusion suffer hunger, want, pain and misery; they would not exchange even a ragged and wretched condition among the great crowd for narrative, any degree of essays by einstein comfort away from it. As soon as we landed, four of essay-kidnapped us went directly to oedipus rex as a tragic essay a lodging-house in 27th Street, just west of narrative essay-kidnapped Sixth Avenue.

The house was run by a short, stout mulatto man, who was exceedingly talkative and inquisitive. In fifteen minutes he not only knew the history of the past life of each one of us, but had a clearer idea of what we intended to do in the future than we ourselves. He sought this information so much with an air of being very particular as to whom he admitted into his house that we tremblingly answered every question that he asked. When we had become located we went out and got supper; then walked around until about a doctor ten o'clock. At that hour we met a couple of young fellows who lived in New York and were known to one of the members of essay-kidnapped our party.

It. was suggested we go to studies a certain place which was known by the proprietor's name. We turned into narrative essay-kidnapped one of the cross streets and rex as hero mounted the stoop of a house in about the middle of a block between Sixth and narrative Seventh Avenues. One of the young men whom we had met rang a bell, and a man on the inside cracked the door a couple of inches; then opened it and let us in. We found ourselves in the hallway of what had once been a residence.

The front parlor had been converted into a bar, and by einstein a half dozen or so of well dressed men were in the room. We went in, and after a general intro-duction had several rounds of beer. In the back parlor a crowd was sitting and standing around the walls of the room watching an exciting and narrative noisy game of essay you want a doctor pool. I walked back and joined this crowd to watch the game, and principally to get away from the drinking party. The game was really interesting, the players being quite expert, and the excitement was heightened by the bets which were being made on the result. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! At times the antics and architecture essay conclusion remarks of narrative both players and spectators were amusing. When, at a critical point, a player missed a shot he was deluged by those financially interested in his making it with a flood of epithets synonymous to written chump; while from the others he would be jeered by such remarks as Nigger, dat cue ain't no hoe-handle. I noticed that among this class of colored men the word nigger was freely used in about the same. sense as the word 'fellow, and sometimes as a term of almost endearment; but I soon learned that its use was positively and essay-kidnapped absolutely prohibited to essays education key to future white men.

I stood watching this pool game until I was called by my friends, who were still in the bar-room, to go upstairs. On the second floor there were two large rooms. Narrative! From the hall I looked into the one on the front. There was a large, round table in the center, at which five or six men were seated playing poker. The air and conduct here were greatly in contrast to what I had just seen in the pool-room; these men were evidently the aristocrats of the place; they were well, perhaps a hit flashily, dressed and spoke in low modulated voices, frequently using the word gentlemen; in fact, they seemed to be practicing a sort of essay Chesterfieldian politeness towards each other. I was watching these men with a great deal of narrative interest and cv format some degree of admiration, when I was again called by the members of our party, and essay-kidnapped I followed them on to the essay on why, back room.

There was a door-keeper at this room, and we were admitted only after inspection. When we got inside I saw a crowd of men of all ages and narrative kinds grouped about an old billiard table, regarding some of whom, in supposing them to be white, I made no mistake. At first I did not know what these men were doing; they were using terms that were strange to me. I could hear only a confusion of voices exclaiming, Shoot the two!

Shoot the four! Fate me! Fate me! I've got you fated! Twenty-five cents he don't turn! This was the ancient and terribly fascinating game of dice, popularly known as craps. Cv Format! I, myself, had played pool in Jacksonville; it is narrative a favorite game among cigar-makers, and I had seen others play cards; but here was something new. I edged my way in to essay on why to be a doctor the table and stood between one of my new-found New York friends and a tall, slender, black fellow, who was making side bets while the dice were at the other end of the narrative essay-kidnapped, table.

My companion explained to essays on how education key to a successful me the principles of the game; and narrative they are so simple that they hardly need to be explained twice. The dice came around the table until they reached the man on the other side of the tall, black fellow. He lost, and the latter said, Gimme the you want a doctor, bones. Narrative! He threw a dollar on the table and said, Shoot the dollar. His style of play was so strenuous that he had to be allowed plenty of room. He shook the essay you want to be a doctor, dice high above his head, and each time he threw them on the table he emitted a grunt such as men give when they are putting forth physical exertion with a rhythmic regularity. He frequently whirled completely around on his heels, throwing the dice the entire length of the table, and talking to them as though they were trained animals.

He appealed to them in short singsong phrases. Come dice, he would say. Little Phoebe, Little Joe, Way down yonder in the. cornfield. Whether these mystic incantations were efficacious or not I could not say, but, at any rate, his luck was great, and he had what gamblers term nerve. Shoot the narrative, dollar! Shoot the two! Shoot the four! Shoot the eight! came from his lips as quickly as the dice turned to his advantage. Coursework! My companion asked me if I had ever played.

I told him no. He said that I ought to try my luck; that everybody won at first. The tall man at my side was waving his arms in the air exclaiming Shoot the sixteen! Shoot the sixteen! Fate me! Whether it was my companion's suggestion or some latent dare-devil strain in narrative essay-kidnapped, my blood which suddenly sprang into activity I do not know; but with a thrill of excitement which went through my whole body I threw a twenty dollar bill on the table and said in a trembling voice, I fate you. I could feel that I had gained the education is the a successful, attention and respect of everybody in the room, every eye was fixed on me, and the widespread question, Who is he? went around.

This was gratifying to narrative a certain sense of vanity of which I have never been able to rid myself, and essay conclusion I felt that it was worth the money even if I lost. The tall man with a whirl on his heels and a double grunt threw the dice; four was the number which turned up. This is considered as a hard point to make. He redoubled his contortions and his grunts and his pleadings to the dice; but on his third or fourth. throw the fateful seven turned up, and I had won.

My companion and all my friends shouted to me to follow up my luck. The fever was on me. I seized the dice. My hands were so hot that the bits of bone felt like pieces of essay-kidnapped ice. I shouted as loudly as I could, Shoot it all! but the blood was tingling so about my ears that I could not hear my own voice. I was soon fated. I threw the dice--seven--I had won.

Shoot it all! I cried again. Ib Maths Coursework! There was a pause; the stake was more than one man cared to essay-kidnapped or could cover. Essay On Why To Be A Doctor! I was finally fated by several men taking a part of it. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I then threw the dice again. Seven. I had won.

Shoot it all! I shouted excitedly. After a short delay I was fated. Key To A Successful! Again I rolled the dice. Eleven. Again I had won. Narrative! My friends now surrounded me and, much against my inclination, forced me to take down all of the money except five dollars. I tried my luck once more, and threw some small Point which I failed to make, and the dice passed on on why to be a doctor, to the next man. In less than three minutes I had won more than two hundred dollars, a sum which afterwards cost me dearly. I was the essay-kidnapped, hero of the moment, and was soon surrounded by a group of men who expressed admiration for my nerve and predicted for me a brilliant future as a gambler.

Although at the time I had no thought of becoming a gambler I felt proud of my success. I felt a bit ashamed, too, that I had allowed my friends to. persuade me to take down my money so soon. Another set of men also got around me, and begged me for twenty-five or fifty cents to put them back into the game. I gave each of them something. I saw that several of them had on linen, dusters, and as I looked about I noticed that there were perhaps a dozen men in architecture essay conclusion, the room similarly clad. I asked the fellow who had been my prompter at the dice table why they dressed in such a manner. He told me that men who had lost all the money and jewelry they possessed, frequently, in an effort to recoup their losses, would gamble away all their outer clothing and even their shoes; and that the proprietor kept on hand a supply of linen dusters for all who were so unfortunate. Narrative! My informant went on to say that sometimes a fellow would become almost completely dressed and then, by a turn of the essay you want to be, dice, would be thrown back into a state of semi-nakedness. Some of them were virtually prisoners and unable to narrative essay-kidnapped get into ib maths studies coursework the streets for essay-kidnapped, days at a time. They ate at the lunch counter, where their credit was good so long as they were fair gamblers and did not attempt to jump their debts, and they slept around in chairs.

They importuned friends and winners to essay on why to be a doctor put them back in the game, and kept at it until fortune again smiled on them. I laughed heartily at essay-kidnapped this, not thinking the day was coming which would find me in the same ludicrous predicament. On passing downstairs I was told that the third and top floor of the house was occupied by the proprietor. When we passed through the bar I treated everybody in on why you want to be a doctor, the room,--and that was no small number, for eight or ten had followed us down. Then our party went out. It was now about half-past twelve, but my nerves were at such a tension that I could not endure the mere thought of going to essay-kidnapped bed. To Be! I asked if there was no other place to narrative which we could go; our guides said yes, and suggested that we go to the Club. Cv Format! We went to Sixth Avenue, walked two blocks, and turned to the west into another street.

We stopped in front of a house with three stories and a basement. In the basement was a Chinese Chop-suey restaurant. There was a red lantern at the iron gate to the areaway, inside of which the Chinaman's name was printed. We went up the steps of the stoop, rang the bell, and were admitted without any delay. From the outside the house bore a rather gloomy aspect, the narrative, windows being absolutely dark, but within it was a veritable house of mirth. When we had passed through a small vestibule and reached the hallway we heard mingled sounds of music and laughter, the clink of glasses and the pop of bottles. Coursework! We went into the main room, and I was little prepared for essay-kidnapped, what I saw. The brilliancy of the place, the display of diamond rings, scarf-pins, ear-rings and breast-pins, the cv format, big rolls of money.

that were brought into evidence when drinks were paid for, and the air of gayety that pervaded, all completely dazzled and dazed me. I felt positively giddy, and it was several minutes before I was able to make any clear and definite observations. We at length secured places at a table in a corner of the room, and as soon as we could attract the essay-kidnapped, attention of one of the busy waiters ordered a round of drinks. When I had somewhat collected my senses I realized that in a large back room into which the oedipus rex as essay, main room opened, there was a young fellow singing a song, accompanied on the piano by a short, thick-set, dark man. Between each verse he did some dance steps, which brought forth great applause and narrative a shower of small coins at cv format his feet. After the singer had responded to a rousing encore, the essay-kidnapped, stout man at the piano began to run his fingers up and down the keyboard.

This he did in a manner which indicated that he was master of a good deal of you want to be technic. Then he began to play; and such playing! I stopped talking to listen. It was music of a kind I had never heard before. Narrative! It was music that demanded physical response, patting of the feet, drumming of the fingers, or nodding of the head in time with the on how is the key to a successful future, beat. The barbaric harmonies, the audacious resolutions often consisting of an abrupt jump from one key to another, the intricate rhythms in which the accents fell in the most. unexpected places, but in which the beat was never lost, produced a most curious effect. Narrative! And, too, the player,--the dexterity of his left hand in making rapid octave runs and jumps was little short of marvelous; and, with his right hand, he frequently swept half the keyboard with clean cut chromatics which he fitted in so nicely as never to gothic architecture essay fail to narrative essay-kidnapped arouse in his listeners a sort of pleasant surprise at the accomplishment of the feat. This was ragtime music, then a novelty in New York, and just growing to be a rage which has not yet subsided. Coursework! It was originated in narrative essay-kidnapped, the questionable resorts about gothic architecture conclusion Memphis and St.

Louis by narrative Negro piano players, who knew no more of the cv format, theory of narrative essay-kidnapped music than they did of the essays written by einstein, theory of the universe, but were guided by natural musical instinct and talent. It made its way to Chicago, where it was popular some time before it reached New York. These players often improvised crude and, at narrative times, vulgar words to fit the melodies. This was the beginning of the ragtime song. Several of these improvisations were taken down by white men, the words slightly altered, and published under the essay, names of the arrangers. They sprang into immediate popularity and earned small fortunes, of which the essay-kidnapped, Negro originators got only a few dollars. But I have learned that since that time a number of colored men, of not only musical talent, but training, are writing out their own melodies and words and studies reaping the narrative essay-kidnapped, reward. of their work.

I have learned also that they have a large number of cv format white imitators and essay-kidnapped adulterators. American musicians, instead of investigating ragtime, attempt to coursework ignore it or dismiss it with a contemptuous word. But that has always been the course of scholasticism in essay-kidnapped, every branch of art. Whatever new thing the people like is pooh-poohed; whatever is popular is spoken of as not worth the while. The fact is, nothing great or enduring, especially in music, has ever sprung full-fledged and unprecedented from the brain of any master; the best that he gives to the world he gathers from the hearts of the cv format, people, and runs it through the alembic of his genius. In spite of the bans which musicians and music teachers have placed upon narrative, it, the people still demand and enjoy ragtime. One thing cannot be denied; it is music which possesses at least one strong element of greatness; it appeals universally; not only the American, but the English, the ib maths, French, and even the German people, find delight in it.

In fact, there is not a corner of the civilized world in narrative, which it is not known, and this proves its originality; for if it were an by einstein, imitation, the people of narrative Europe, anyhow, would not have found it a novelty. Anyone who doubts that there is a peculiar heel-tickling, smile-provoking, joy-awakening charm in ragtime needs only to hear a skillful performer play the genuine article to be convinced. I. believe that it has its place as well as the essays key to a successful future, music which draws from narrative, us sighs and tears. I became so interested in both the music and the player that I left the table where I was sitting, and made my way through the hall into the back room, where I could see as well as hear. I talked to the piano player between the musical numbers, and found out that he was just a natural musician, never having taken a lesson in his life. Cv Format! Not only could he play almost anything he heard, but could accompany singers in songs he had never heard.

He had by ear alone, composed some pieces, several of which he played over for me; each of them was properly proportioned and balanced. I began to wonder what this man with such a lavish natural endowment would have done had he been trained. Perhaps he wouldn't have done anything at all; he might have become, at best, a mediocre imitator of the great masters in what they have already done to a finish, or one of the modern innovators who strive after originality by seeing how cleverly they can dodge about through the essay-kidnapped, rules of written by einstein harmony, and at the same time avoid melody. It is certain that he would not have been so delightful as he was in ragtime. I sat by watching and listening to this man until I was dragged away by my friends. The place was now almost deserted; only narrative, a few stragglers hung on, and they were all the worse for. drink. My friends were well up in essays written by einstein, this class. Essay-kidnapped! We passed into cv format the street; the lamps were pale against the sky; day was just breaking.

We went home and got into bed. I fell into narrative essay-kidnapped a fitful sort of sleep with ragtime music ringing continually in written by einstein, my ears. I shall take advantage of this pause in my narrative to narrative more closely describe the cv format, Club spoken of in the latter part of the preceding chapter,--to describe it, as I afterwards came to know it, as an habitue. I shall do this, not only because of the direct influence it had on my life, but also because it was at that time the most famous place of its kind in New York, and essay-kidnapped was well known to both white and colored people of certain classes. I have already stated that in the basement of the essay you want to be a doctor, house there was a Chinese restaurant. The Chinaman who kept it did an exceptionally good business; for chop-suey was a favorite dish among the frequenters of the place.

It is essay-kidnapped a food that, somehow, has the power of absorbing alcoholic liquors that have been taken into the stomach. By Einstein! I have heard men claim that they could sober up on narrative, chop-suey. Perhaps that accounted, in some degree, for its popularity. On the cv format, main floor there were two large rooms, a parlor about thirty feet in length and narrative essay-kidnapped a large square back room into which the parlor opened. The floor of the oedipus rex as hero essay, parlor was carpeted; small tables and chairs were arranged. about the room; the narrative essay-kidnapped, windows were draped with lace curtains, and the walls were literally covered with photographs or lithographs of every colored man in on how education a successful future, America who had ever done anything.

There were pictures of Frederick Douglass and of Peter Jackson, of all the lesser lights of the narrative essay-kidnapped, prize-fighting ring, of cv format all the famous jockeys and narrative essay-kidnapped the stage celebrities, down to the newest song and dance team. The most of gothic architecture conclusion these photographs were autographed and, in a sense, made a really valuable collection. In the back room there was a piano; and essay-kidnapped tables were placed around the wall. The floor was bare and education is the a successful the center was left vacant for singers, dancers and others who entertained the patrons. In a closet in essay-kidnapped, this room which jutted out into cv format the hall the proprietor kept his buffet. There was no open bar, because the place had no liquor license. Essay-kidnapped! In this back room the essays, tables were sometimes pushed aside, and the floor given over to general dancing.

The front room on the next floor was a sort of private party room; a back room on the same floor contained no furniture, and was devoted to the use of new and ambitions performers. In this room song and dance teams practiced their steps, acrobatic teams practiced their tumbles, and essay-kidnapped many other kinds of acts rehearsed their turns. Architecture Essay! The other rooms of the house were used as sleeping apartments. No gambling was allowed, and narrative essay-kidnapped the conduct of the ib maths studies coursework, place was surprisingly orderly. It was, in. short, a center of narrative colored bohemians and sports. Here the great prize fighters were wont to come, the famous jockeys, the noted minstrels, whose names and faces were familiar on every bill-board in the country; and these drew a multitude of those who love to dwell in hero essay, the shadow of greatness.

There were then no organizations giving performances of such order as are now given by several colored companies; that was because no manager could imagine that audiences would pay to see Negro performers in essay-kidnapped, any other rôle than that of Mississippi River roustabouts; but there was lots of talent and ambition. I often heard the on how is the, younger and brighter men discussing the time when they would compel the narrative, public to a doctor recognize that they could do something more than grin and cut pigeon wings. Sometimes one or two of the visiting stage professionals, after being sufficiently urged, would go into the back room, and take the places of the regular amateur entertainers, but they were very sparing with these favors, and the patrons regarded them as special treats. There was one man, a minstrel, who, whenever he responded to narrative a request to do something, never essayed anything below a reading from Shakespeare. Cv Format! How well he read I do not know, but he greatly impressed me; and I can, at least, say that he had a voice which strangely stirred those who heard it. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Here was a man who made people laugh at the size of essays by einstein his. mouth, while he carried in his heart a burning ambition to narrative be a tragedian; and so after all he did play a part in ib maths, a tragedy. These notables of the ring, the turf and the stage, drew to the place crowds of admirers, both white and colored. Whenever one of narrative them came in there were awe-inspired whispers from those who knew him by sight, in which they enlightened those around them as to his identity, and hinted darkly at their great intimacy with the essays is the key to a successful future, noted one. Narrative! Those who were on terms of approach immediately showed their privilege over others less fortunate by gathering around their divinity.

I was, at first, among those who dwelt in darkness. Most of studies these celebrities I had never heard of. This made me an object of essay-kidnapped pity among many of my new associates. I, however, soon learned to gothic essay conclusion fake a knowledge for narrative essay-kidnapped, the benefit of those who were greener than I; and, finally, I became personally acquainted with the majority of the ib maths, famous personages who came to the Club. A great deal of narrative money was spent here; so many of the patrons were men who earned large sums. I remember one night a dapper little brown-skinned fellow was pointed out to me, and I was told that he was the most popular jockey of the day, and that he earned $12,000 a year. This latter statement I couldn't doubt, for with my own eyes I saw him spending at about that rate. Studies Coursework! For his friends and those who were introduced to essay-kidnapped him. he bought nothing but wine;--in the sporting circle, wine means champagne--and paid for it at five dollars a quart. He sent a quart to every table in the place with his compliments; and on the table at which he and his party were seated there were more than a dozen bottles.

It was the custom at the Club for the waiter not to remove the bottles when champagne was being drunk until the party had finished. On How A Successful Future! There were reasons for this; it advertised the brand of wine, it advertised that the party was drinking wine, and advertised how much they had bought. This jockey had won a great race that day, and he was rewarding his admirers for the homage they paid him, all of which he accepted with a fine air of condescension. Besides the narrative, people I have just been describing there was at the place almost every night one or two parties of white people, men and cv format women, who were out sight-seeing, or slumming. They generally came in cabs; some of them would stay only for narrative essay-kidnapped, a few minutes, while others sometimes stayed until morning. There was also another set of white people who came frequently; it was made up of variety performers and others who delineated darky characters; they came to get their imitatations first hand from the a tragic essay, Negro entertainers they saw there. There was still another set of white patrons, composed of women; these were not occasional. visitors, but five or six of them were regular habitues. When I first saw them I was not sure that they were white.

In the first place, among the essay-kidnapped, many colored women who came to the Club there were several just as fair; and, secondly, I always saw these women in company with colored men. They were all good-looking and coursework well dressed, and narrative seemed to be women of architecture essay some education. Essay-kidnapped! One of these in particular attracted my attention; she was an exceedingly beautiful woman of gothic architecture conclusion perhaps thirty-five; she had glistening copper-colored hair, very white skin and eyes very much like Du Maurier's conception of Trilby's twin gray stars. When I came to know her I found that she was a woman of considerable culture; she had traveled in Europe, spoke French, and played the piano well. She was always dressed elegantly, but in absolute good taste. She always came to narrative the Club in a cab, and essays by einstein was soon joined by a well set up, very black young fellow. He was always faultlessly dressed; one of the narrative essay-kidnapped, most exclusive tailors in New York made his clothes, and he wore a number of diamonds in about as good taste as they could be worn by essays written a man. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I learned that she paid for his clothes and ib maths studies coursework his diamonds. I learned, too, that he was not the only one of his kind.

More that I learned would be better suited to a book on social phenomena than to a narrative of essay-kidnapped my life. This woman was known at the Club as the. rich widow. Architecture Essay! She -went by a very aristocratic sounding name, which corresponded to her appearance. I shall never forget how hard it was for me to get over my feelings of surprise, perhaps more than surprise, at seeing her with her black companion; somehow I never exactly enjoyed the narrative, sight.

I have devoted so much time to this pair, the widow and her companion, because it was through them that another decided turn was brought about in my life. On the day following our night at essay you want the Club we slept until late in the afternoon; so late that beginning of search for work was entirely out of the question. This did not cause me much worry, for I had more than three hundred dollars, and essay-kidnapped New York had impressed me as a place where there was lots of money and not much difficulty in getting it. A Tragic Hero Essay! It is narrative essay-kidnapped needless to inform my readers that I did not long hold this opinion. We got out of the house about dark, went round to a restaurant on rex as a tragic hero essay, Sixth Avenue and ate something, then walked around for a couple of hours. I finally suggested that we visit the same places we had been in the night before. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Following my suggestion we started first to the gambling house. The man on the door let us in without any question; I accredited this to cv format my success of the night before. Narrative! We went straight to the crap room, and I at once made my way to by einstein a table, where I was rather flattered by the murmur of recognition which went around. I played in essay-kidnapped, up and down luck for three or four hours; then, worn with nervous excitement, quit, having lost about fifty dollars.

But I was so strongly possessed with the architecture essay, thought that. I would make up my losses the narrative, next time I played that I left the place with a light heart. When we got into the street our party was divided against itself; two were for going home at once and getting to bed. Education A Successful! They gave as a reason that we were to get up early and look for jobs. Essay-kidnapped! I think the essay you want to be a doctor, real reason was that they had each lost several dollars in essay-kidnapped, the game. I lived to learn that in the world of sport all men win alike but lose differently; and so gamblers are rated, not by the way in which they win, but by the way in architecture conclusion, which they lose. Some men lose with a careless smile, recognizing that losing is a part of the game; others curse their luck and rail at fortune; and narrative essay-kidnapped others, still, lose sadly; after each such experience they are swept by a wave of reform; they resolve to stop gambling and be good. When in this frame of mind it would take very little persuasion to architecture essay lead them into narrative a prayer-meeting. Those in the first class are looked upon with admiration; those in the second class are merely commonplace; while those in the third are regarded with contempt. I believe these distinctions hold good in all the to be a doctor, ventures of life.

After some minutes one of my friends and I succeeded in convincing the other two that a while at essay-kidnapped the Club would put us all in better spirits; and they consented to go on our promise not to stay longer than an hour. We found the place crowded, and the same sort of. thing going on which we had seen the cv format, night before. I took a seat at once by narrative essay-kidnapped the side of the piano player, and was soon lost to everything else except the novel charm of the music. I watched the architecture conclusion, performer with the idea of catching the trick; and, during one of his intermissions, I took his place at the piano and made an attempt to imitate him, but even my quick ear and ready fingers were unequal to the task on first trial. We did not stay at the Club very long, but went home to bed in order to be up early the next day. Narrative! We had no difficulty in coursework, finding work, and my third morning in New York found me at a table rolling cigars. I worked steadily for some weeks, at the same time spending my earnings between the crap game and the Club. Making cigars became more and more irksome to essay-kidnapped me; perhaps my more congenial work as a reader had unfitted me for work at the table.

And, too, the late hours I was keeping made such a sedentary occupation almost beyond the powers of will and cv format endurance. I often found it hard to keep my eyes open and sometimes had to get up and move around to narrative keep from falling asleep. I began to miss whole days from the factory, days on which I was compelled to stay at home and sleep. My luck at the gambling table was varied; sometimes I was fifty to oedipus rex as a hundred dollars ahead, and at other times I had to borrow money from my fellow workmen to settle my room rent and. pay for my meals.

Each night after leaving the dice game I went to the Club to hear the music and watch the gayety. Essay-kidnapped! If I had won, this was in accord with my mood; if I had lost, it made me forget. I at last realized that making cigars for a living and gambling for a living could not both be carried on at the same time, and I resolved to give up the written by einstein, cigar-making. This resolution led me into a life which held me bound more than a year. During that period my regular time for going to bed was somewhere between four and essay-kidnapped six o'clock in the mornings. I got up late in the afternoons, walked about a little, then went to the gambling house or the Club. My New York was limited to essay ten blocks; the boundaries were Sixth Avenue from Twenty-third to Thirty-third Streets, with the cross streets one block to the west. Central Park was a distant forest, and narrative the lower part of the city a foreign land. I look back upon the life I then led with a shudder when I think what would have been had I not escaped it.

But had I not escaped it, I would have been no more unfortunate than are many young colored men who come to New York. During that dark period I became acquainted with a score of bright, intelligent young fellows who had come up to gothic conclusion the great city with high hopes and ambitions, and who had fallen under the narrative essay-kidnapped, spell of this under life, a spell they could not throw off. There was one popularly known as the doctor; he had had two years in the Harvard Medical School; but here he was, living this gas-light life, his will and moral sense so enervated and deadened that it was impossible for him to break away. I do not doubt that the same thing is essays on how education going on now, but I have rather sympathy than censure for essay-kidnapped, these victims, for I know how easy it is to slip into rex as essay a slough from narrative, which it takes a herculean effort to leap. I regret that I cannot contrast my views of life among colored people of New York; but the truth is, during my entire stay in this city I did not become acquainted with a single respectable family. I knew that there were several colored men worth a hundred or so thousand dollars each, and some families who proudly dated their free ancestry back a half-dozen generations. I also learned that in Brooklyn there lived quite a large colony in cv format, comfortable homes, most of which they owned; but at no point did my life come in narrative, contact with theirs. In my gambling experiences I passed through all the states and conditions that a gambler is cv format heir to.

Some days found me able to peel ten and twenty dollar bills from essay-kidnapped, a roll, and others found me clad in architecture essay, a linen duster and carpet slippers. I finally caught up another method of earning money, and so did not have to essay-kidnapped depend entirely upon the caprices of fortune at the gaming table. Ib Maths Coursework! Through continually listening to the. music at narrative essay-kidnapped the Club, and through my own previous training, my natural talent and perseverance, I developed into a remarkable player of cv format ragtime; indeed, I had the narrative essay-kidnapped, name at that time of being the best ragtime player in New York. I brought all my knowledge of classic music to bear and, in so doing, achieved some novelties which pleased and even astonished my listeners. It was I who first made ragtime transcriptions of familiar classic selections. A Tragic Essay! I used to play Mendelssohn's Wedding March in a manner that never failed to arouse enthusiasm among the patrons of the narrative, Club. Very few nights passed during which I was not asked to play it. It was no secret that the great increase in slumming visitors was due to my playing. By mastering ragtime I gained several things; first of all, I gained the title of professor.

I was known as the professor as long as I remained in that world. Then, too, I gained the education is the a successful, means of narrative essay-kidnapped earning a rather fair livelihood. This work took up much of my time and kept me almost entirely away from the gambling table. Through it I also gained a friend who was the means by which I escaped from this lower world. And, finally, I secured a wedge which has opened to me more doors and made me a welcome guest than my playing of Beethoven and Chopin could ever have done.

The greater part of the money I now began to earn came through the friend to whom I alluded. in the foregoing paragraph. Among the other white slummers there came into the Club one night a clean cut, slender, but athletic looking man, who would have been taken for a youth had it not been for the tinge of gray about his temples. He was clean shaven, had regular features, and gothic architecture conclusion all of his movements bore the indefinable but unmistakable stamp of narrative culture. He spoke to no one, but sat languidly puffing cigarettes and sipping a glass of beer. He was the center of coursework a great deal of attention, all of the old timers were wondering who he was. When I had finished playing he called a waiter and by him sent me a five dollar bill. For about a month after that he was at the Club one or two nights each week, and each time after I had played he gave me five dollars. One night he sent for essay-kidnapped, me to come to his table; he asked me several questions about myself; then told me that he had an essays by einstein, engagement which he wanted me to essay-kidnapped fill. Education A Successful Future! He gave me a card containing his address and asked me to narrative essay-kidnapped be there on a certain night.

I was on written by einstein, hand promptly, and narrative found that he was giving a dinner in essay on why, his own apartments to a party of ladies and gentlemen, and that I was expected to narrative essay-kidnapped furnish the musical entertainment. When the grave, dignified man at the door let me in, the place struck me as being almost dark, my eyes had been so accustomed to the garish light of the essay to be a doctor, Club. He took my coat and hat, bade me take. a seat, and narrative essay-kidnapped went to tell his master that I had come. Future! When my eyes were adjusted to the soft light I saw that I was in the midst of elegance and luxury in essay-kidnapped, such a degree as I had never seen; but not the elegance which makes one ill at ease. As I sank into a great chair the essay on why you want to be a doctor, subdued tone, the essay-kidnapped, delicately sensuous harmony of my surroundings drew from me a deep sigh of relief and comfort. How long the man was gone I do not know; but I was startled by gothic architecture essay conclusion a voice saying, Come this way, if you please, sir, and narrative I saw him standing by my chair. I had been asleep; and I awoke very much confused and a little ashamed, because I did not know how many times he may have called me. I followed him through into essay you want a doctor the dining-room, where the narrative, butler was putting the finishing touches to a table which already looked like a big jewel. The doorman turned me over to the butler, and I passed with the butler on back to where several waiters were busy polishing and gothic essay conclusion assorting table utensils. Narrative! Without being asked whether I was hungry or not, I was placed at a table and given something to on why you want to be eat.

Before I had finished eating I heard the narrative essay-kidnapped, laughter and talk of the guests who were arriving. Soon afterwards I was called in to on how is the key to future begin my work. I passed in to where the company was gathered, and went directly to the piano. According to a suggestion from the host I began with classic music. During the first number there was absolute. quiet and appreciative attention, and when I had finished I was given a round of generous applause. After that the talk and the laughter began to grow until the music was only an accompaniment to narrative essay-kidnapped the chatter. This, however, did not disconcert me as it once would have done, for cv format, I had become accustomed to playing in the midst of uproarious noise. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! As the guests began to pay less attention to me I was enabled to pay more to essay on why you want them.

There were about narrative a dozen of them. The men ranged in appearance from a girlish looking youth to a big grizzled man whom everybody addressed as Judge. None of the women appeared to be under thirty, but each of them struck me as being handsome. I was not long in finding out that they were all decidedly blasé. Essays! Several of the women smoked cigarettes, and with a careless grace which showed they were used to the habit. Occasionally a damn it! escaped from the lips of some one of them, but in essay-kidnapped, such a charming way as to rob it of all vulgarity. The most notable thing which I observed was that the reserve of the host increased in cv format, direct proportion with the hilarity of his guests. I thought that there was something going wrong which displeased him. I afterwards learned that it was his habitual manner on such occasions.

He seemed to take cynical delight in watching and studying others indulging in excess. His guests were evidently accustomed to narrative his rather non-participating attitude, for it did. not seem in any degree to dampen their spirits. When dinner was served the piano was moved and the door left open, so that the company might hear the music while eating. At a word from the host I struck up one of my liveliest ragtime pieces. The effect was perhaps surprising, even to essays written the host; the ragtime music came very near spoiling the party so far as eating the dinner was concerned. As soon as I began the conversation stopped suddenly. It was a pleasure to me to narrative watch the expression of astonishment and delight that grew on the faces of everybody.

These were people,--and they represented a large class,--who were ever expecting to find happiness in novelty, each day restlessly exploring and exhausting every resource of this great city that might possibly furnish a new sensation or awaken a fresh emotion, and who were always grateful to oedipus rex as anyone who aided them in their quest. Essay-kidnapped! Several of the women left the table and gathered about the piano. They watched my fingers, asked what kind of essay on why you want a doctor music it was that I was playing, where I had learned it and a host of other questions. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! It was only by being repeatedly called back to ib maths the table that they were induced to essay-kidnapped finish their dinner. When the guests arose I struck up my ragtime transcription of Mendelssohn's Wedding March, playing it with terrific chromatic octave runs in the base. This raised everybody's spirits to the highest point of gayety, and the whole. company involuntarily and unconsciously did an impromptu cake-walk. On Why To Be A Doctor! From that time on until the narrative, time of leaving they kept me so busy that my arms ached. I obtained a little respite when the girlish looking youth and one or two of the ladies sang several songs, but after each of these it was, back to ragtime. In leaving, the guests were enthusiastic in telling the host that he had furnished them the most unique entertainment they had ever enjoyed.

When they had gone, my millionaire friend,--for he was reported to on how education is the be a millionaire,--said to me with a smile, Well, I have given them something they've never had before. After I had put on my coat and essay-kidnapped was ready to leave he made me take a glass of wine; he then gave me a cigar and twenty dollars in cv format, bills. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! He told me that he would give me lots of work, his only stipulation being that I should not play any engagements such as I had just filled for cv format, him, except by his instructions. I readily accepted the proposition, for I was sure that I could not be the loser by such a contract. I afterwards played for him at many dinners and essay-kidnapped parties of one kind or another. Occasionally he loaned me to some of his friends.

And, too, I often played for oedipus rex as essay, him alone at essay-kidnapped his apartments. At such times he was quite a puzzle to essays written by einstein me until I became accustomed to his manners. Essay-kidnapped! He would sometimes sit for cv format, three or four hours hearing me. play, his eyes almost closed, making scarcely a motion except to light a fresh cigarette, and never commenting one way or another on the music. At first, I used sometimes to think that he had fallen asleep and narrative essay-kidnapped would pause in playing. The stopping of the music always aroused him enough to tell me to play this or that; and I soon learned that my task was not to be considered finished until he got up from his chair and said, That will do.

The man's powers of endurance in listening often exceeded mine in coursework, performing--yet I am not sure that he was always listening. Narrative! At times I became so oppressed with fatigue and sleepiness that it took almost superhuman effort to keep my fingers going; in fact, I believe I sometimes did so while dozing. During such moments, this man sitting there so mysteriously silent, almost hid in a cloud of heavy-scented smoke, filled me with a sort of unearthly terror. He seemed to be some grim, mute, but relentless tyrant, possessing over me a supernatural power which he used to drive me on mercilessly to exhaustion. But these feelings came very rarely; besides, he paid me so liberally I could forget much. There at length grew between us a familiar and warm relationship; and I am sure he had a decided personal liking for me. On my part, I looked upon him at cv format that time as about all a man could wish to narrative be. The Club still remained my headquarters, and. when I was not playing for essays on how education is the key to a successful, my good patron I was generally to be found there. However, I no longer depended on playing at the Club to earn my living; I rather took rank with the visiting celebrities and, occasionally, after being sufficiently urged, would favor my old and new admirers with a number or two.

I say, without any egotistic pride, that among my admirers were several of the best looking women who frequented the place, and who made no secret of the fact that they admired me as much as they did my playing. Among these was the widow; indeed, her attentions became so marked that one of narrative my friends warned me to beware of written by einstein her black companion, who was generally known as a bad man. He said there was much more reason to be careful because the pair had lately quarreled, and narrative had not been together at the Club for some nights. This warning greatly impressed me and cv format I resolved to stop the affair before it should go any further; but the woman was so beautiful that my native gallantry and delicacy would not allow me to repulse her; my finer feelings entirely overcame my judgment. The warning also opened my eyes sufficiently to see that though my artistic temperament and skill made me interesting and attractive to narrative the woman, she was, after all, using me only to excite the jealousy of her companion and revenge herself upon him. Written By Einstein! It was this surly black despot who held sway over her deepest emotions. One night, shortly afterwards, I went into the Club and saw the widow sitting at a table in company with another woman. She at once beckoned for essay-kidnapped, me to essay to be a doctor come to her.

I went, knowing that I was committing worse than folly. She ordered a quart of champagne and insisted that I sit down and drink with her. I took a chair on narrative essay-kidnapped, the opposite cv format, side of the table and began to sip a glass of the narrative, wine. Suddenly I noticed by an expression on the widow's face that something had occurred. I instinctively glanced around and saw that her companion had just entered. His ugly look completely frightened me. My back was turned to him, but by cv format watching the widow's eyes I judged that he was pacing back and forth across the room. My feelings were far from narrative, comfortable; I expected every moment to feel a blow on my head. Gothic Architecture! She, too, was very nervous; she was trying hard to appear unconcerned, but could not succeed in essay-kidnapped, hiding her real feelings. I decided that it was best to get out of such a predicament even at the expense of appearing cowardly, and I made a motion to rise. Just as I partly turned in my chair, I saw the black fellow approaching; he walked directly to our table and leaned over.

The Widow evidently feared he was going to strike her, and she threw back her head. Instead of striking her he whipped out a revolver and gothic fired; the first shot went straight into her throat. Narrative! There were other shots fired, but how. many I do not know; for the first knowledge I had of my surroundings and actions was that I was rushing through the chop-suey restaurant into the street. Just which streets I followed when I got outside I do not know, but I think I must have gone towards Eighth Avenue, then down towards Twenty-third Street and across towards Fifth Avenue. I traveled not by sight, but instinctively. I felt like one fleeing in a horrible nightmare. How long and far I walked I cannot tell; but on Fifth Avenue, under a light, I passed a cab containing a solitary occupant, who called to me, and conclusion I recognized the voice and face of my millionaire friend.

He stopped the narrative essay-kidnapped, cab and asked, What on you want, earth are you doing strolling in this part of the town? For answer I got into the cab and narrative related to him all that had happened. Coursework! He reassured me by saying that no charge of any kind could be brought against me; then added, But, of course, you don't want to he mixed up in such an affair. He directed the narrative, driver to turn around and go into the park, and then went on to say, I decided last night that I'd go to Europe to-morrow. I think I'll take you along instead of Walter. Walter was his valet.

It was settled that I should go to his apartments for the rest of the night and studies coursework sail with him in the morning. We drove around through the park, exchanging. only an occasional word. Narrative! The cool air somewhat calmed my nerves and I lay back and closed my eyes; but still I could see that beautiful white throat with the ugly wound. The jet of blood pulsing from it had placed an indelible red stain on oedipus rex as, my memory.

I did not feel at ease until the ship was well out of New York harbor; and, notwithstanding the repeated reassurances of my millionaire friend and my own knowledge of the facts in narrative, the case, I somehow could not rid myself of the sentiment that I was, in coursework, a great degree, responsible for the widow's tragic end. We had brought most of the morning papers aboard with us, but my great fear of seeing my name in essay-kidnapped, connection with the killing would not permit me to read the accounts, although, in one of the a tragic hero essay, papers, I did look at the picture of the victim, which did not in the least resemble her. This morbid state of mind, together with seasickness, kept me miserable for three or four days. At the end of narrative essay-kidnapped that time my spirits began to cv format revive, and I took an interest in the ship, my fellow passengers, and the voyage in narrative, general. On the second or third day out we passed several spouting whales; but I could not arouse myself to make the effort to go to the other side of the ship to oedipus hero essay see them. Narrative! A little later we ran in close proximity to a large iceberg.

I was curious enough to get up and look at it, and I was fully repaid for my pains. The sun was. shining full upon it, and it glistened like a mammoth diamond, cut with a million facets. Architecture! As we passed it constantly changed its shape; at each different angle of vision it assumed new and astonishing forms of beauty. I watched it through a pair of narrative glasses, seeking to verify my early conception of an iceberg--in the essays, geographies of my grammar-school days the pictures of essay-kidnapped icebergs always included a stranded polar bear, standing desolately upon one of the by einstein, snowy crags. I looked for the bear, but if he was there he refused to put himself on exhibition. It was not, however, until the morning that we entered the harbor of Havre that I was able to shake off my gloom. Then the strange sights, the chatter in an unfamiliar tongue and essay-kidnapped the excitement of landing and passing the customs officials caused me to forget completely the events of a few days before. Indeed, I grew so light-hearted that when I caught my first sight of the train which was to take us to Paris, I enjoyed a hearty laugh.

The toy-looking engine, the stuffy little compartment cars with tiny, old-fashioned wheels, struck me as being extremely funny. But before we reached Paris my respect for our train rose considerably. I found that the tiny engine made remarkably fast time, and that the essays written, old-fashioned wheels ran very smoothly. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I even began to appreciate the stuffy cars for cv format, their. privacy. As I watched the passing scenery from the narrative essay-kidnapped, car window it seemed too beautiful to be real. The bright-colored houses against essays on how key to a successful future, the green background impressed me as the work of some idealistic painter. Before we arrived in narrative, Paris there was awakened in my heart a love for France which continued to grow stronger, a love which today makes that country for me the ib maths studies, one above all others to be desired. We rolled into the station Saint Lazare about four o'clock in the afternoon, and drove immediately to the Hotel Continental.

My benefactor, humoring my curiosity and enthusiasm, which seemed to please him very much, suggested that we take a short walk before dinner. We stepped out narrative, of the hotel and turned to the right into on why to be a doctor the Rue de Rivoli. When the vista of the Place de la Concorde and the Champs Elysées suddenly burst on me I could hardly credit my own eyes. I shall attempt no such superogatory task as a description of Paris. Essay-kidnapped! I wish only to give briefly the on how key to future, impressions which that wonderful city made upon me. It impressed me as the perfect and narrative perfectly beautiful city; and written even after I had been there for some time, and narrative seen not only its avenues and palaces, but its most squalid alleys and hovels, this impression was not weakened. Paris became for me a charmed spot, and cv format whenever I have returned there I have fallen under the spell, a. spell which compels admiration for all of its manners and customs and justification of even its follies and sins.

We walked a short distance up the essay-kidnapped, Champs Elysées and, sat for a while in chairs along the sidewalk, watching the oedipus essay, passing crowds on foot and in carriages. It was with reluctance that I went back to the hotel for dinner. After dinner we went to one of the summer theaters, and after the performance my friend took me to a large café on one of the narrative, grand boulevards. Here it was that I had my first glimpse of the French life of essays education a successful popular literature, so different from real French life. There were several hundred people, men and essay-kidnapped women, in cv format, the place drinking, smoking, talking, and listening to narrative the music. My millionaire friend and I took seats at a table where we sat smoking and watching the crowd.

It was not long before we were joined by two or three good-looking, well-dressed young women. My friend talked to them in French and bought drinks for oedipus rex as a tragic hero essay, the whole party. I tried to recall my high school French, but the narrative essay-kidnapped, effort availed me little. I could stammer out a few phrases, but, very naturally, could not understand a word that was said to me. We stayed at the café a couple of hours, then went back to the hotel. The next day we spent several hours in the shops and at the tailors. I had no clothes except what I had been able to gather together at my benefactor's apartments the night before. we sailed. He bought me the same kind of clothes which he himself wore, and that was the best; and written he treated me in every way as he dressed me, as an equal, not as a servant. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! In fact, I don't think anyone could have guessed that such a relation existed. My duties were light and few, and he was a man full of life and vigor, who rather enjoyed doing things for education a successful future, himself.

He kept me supplied with money far beyond what ordinary wages would have amounted to. For the first two weeks we were together almost constantly, seeing the sights, sights old to him, but from narrative, which he seemed to get new pleasure in showing them to me. During the ib maths studies coursework, day we took in the places of interest, and at night the theaters and cafés. This sort of life appealed to narrative essay-kidnapped me as ideal, and I asked him one day how long he intended to stay in a tragic, Paris. He answered, Oh, until I get tired of it. I could not understand how that could ever happen. As it was, including several short trips to the Mediterranean, to Spain, to Brussels, and to narrative Ostend, we did remain there fourteen or fifteen months. We stayed at the Hotel Continental about essays by einstein two months of this time. Then my millionaire took apartments, hired a piano, and lived almost the narrative, same life he lived in cv format, New York. He entertained a great deal, some of the narrative, parties being a good deal more blasé than the New York ones.

I played for the guests at all of them with an effect which to essays by einstein relate would be but a tiresome. repetition to the reader. I played not only for the guests, but continued, as I used to do in New York, to play often for the host when he was alone. This man of the world, who grew weary of everything, and was always searching for something new, appeared never to essay-kidnapped grow tired of my music; he seemed to take it as a drug. He fell into a habit which caused me no little annoyance; sometimes he would come in on why, during the early hours of the morning, and narrative finding me in bed asleep, would wake me up and ask me to play something. This, so far as I can remember, was my only hardship during my whole stay with him in Europe. After the first few weeks spent in written by einstein, sight-seeing, I had a great deal of narrative time left to myself; my friend was often I did not know where.

When not with him I spent the day nosing about all the studies, curious nooks and corners of Paris; of this I never grew tired. At night I usually went to essay-kidnapped some theater, but always ended up at the big café on cv format, the Grand Boulevards. Essay-kidnapped! I wish the reader to know that it was not alone the gayety which drew me there; aside from essay on why a doctor, that I had a laudable purpose. I had purchased an English-French conversational dictionary, and I went there every night to take a language lesson. I used to get three or four of the young women who frequented the place at a table and narrative essay-kidnapped buy beer and oedipus a tragic hero essay cigarettes for them. In return I received my lesson. I got more than. my money's worth; for they actually compelled me to speak the narrative, language. This, together with reading the oedipus a tragic hero, papers every day, enabled me within a few months to express myself fairly well, and, before I left Paris, to essay-kidnapped have more than an ordinary command of French.

Of course, every person who goes to Paris could not dare to learn French in this manner, but I can think of no easier or quicker way of doing it. The acquiring of another foreign language awoke me to the fact that with a little effort I could secure an added accomplishment as fine and as valuable as music; so I determined to make myself as much of a linguist as possible. I bought a Spanish newspaper every day in gothic essay conclusion, order to freshen my memory on essay-kidnapped, that language, and, for French, devised what was, so far as I knew, an original system of cv format study. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I compiled a list which I termed Three hundred necessary words. These I thoroughly committed to memory, also the conjugation of the verbs which were included in oedipus rex as a tragic essay, the list. I studied these words over and over, much like children of a couple of generations ago studied the alphabet. I also practiced a set of phrases like the following: How? What did you say? What does the word ---- mean? I understand all you say except ----.

Please repeat. Narrative! What do you call ----? How do you say ----? These I called my working sentences. In an you want, astonishingly short time I reached the point where the. language taught itself,--where I learned to speak merely by speaking. This point is the essay-kidnapped, place which students taught foreign languages in our schools and colleges find great difficulty in reaching. I think the main trouble is that they learn too much of a language at a time. A French child with a vocabulary of two hundred words can express more spoken ideas than a student of essays on how education is the key to a successful French can with a knowledge of two thousand. A small vocabulary, the essay-kidnapped, smaller the better, which embraces the common, everyday-used ideas, thoroughly mastered, is the key to a language. When that much is acquired the vocabulary can be increased simply by talking.

And it is easy. Who cannot commit three hundred words to cv format memory? Later I tried my method, if I may so term it, with German, and narrative found that it worked in the same way. I spent a good many evenings at the Grand Opera. Essay On Why You Want! The music there made me strangely reminiscent of my life in essay-kidnapped, Connecticut, it was an atmosphere in which I caught a fresh breath of my boyhood days and early youth. Generally, in the morning, after I had attended a performance, I would sit at the piano and for a couple of hours play the music which I used to play in my mother's little parlor. One night I went to hear Faust. Cv Format! I got into my seat just as the lights went down for the first act.

At the end of the act I noticed that my. neighbor on the left was a young girl. I cannot describe her either as to feature, color of her hair, or of her eyes; she was so young, so fair, so ethereal, that I felt to narrative stare at her would be a violation; yet I was distinctly conscious of her beauty. During the intermission she spoke English in a low voice to a gentleman and cv format a lady who sat in the seats to her left, addressing them as father and mother. I held my programme as though studying it, but listened to essay-kidnapped catch every sound of her voice. Her observations on the performance and the audience were so fresh and naïve as to ib maths coursework be almost amusing. Narrative! I gathered that she was just out of cv format school, and that this was her first trip to Paris.

I occasionally stole a glance at her, and each time I did so my heart leaped into my throat. Once I glanced beyond to the gentleman who sat next to her. Essay-kidnapped! My glance immediately turned into a tragic essay a stare. Yes, there he was, unmistakably, my father! looking hardly a day older than when I had seen him some ten years before. What a strange coincidence! What should I say to him?

What would he say to me? Before I had recovered from my first surprise there came another shock in the realization that the beautiful, tender girl at my side was my sister. Then all the springs of narrative affection in my heart, stopped since my mother's death, burst out in fresh and terrible torrents, and I could have fallen at her feet and worshiped her. They were singing the second act, but I did not hear the music. Slowly the essay on why to be, desolate loneliness of narrative my position became clear to me. I knew that I could not speak, but I would have given a part of my life to touch her hand with mine and ib maths studies coursework call her sister.

I sat through the opera until I could stand it no longer. I felt that I was suffocating. Valentine's love seemed like mockery, and I felt an almost uncontrollable impulse to rise up and scream to the audience, Here, here in your very midst, is a tragedy, a real tragedy! This impulse grew so strong that I became afraid of myself, and in the darkness of one of the scenes I stumbled out of the essay-kidnapped, theater. Essay On Why You Want To Be! I walked aimlessly about for an hour or so, my feelings divided between a desire to weep and a desire to curse.

I finally took a cab and went from café to café, and for one of the narrative, very few times in on how key to a successful, my life drank myself into a stupor. It was unwelcome news for me when my benefactor--I could not think of him as employer--informed me that he was at narrative last tired of Paris. This news gave me, I think, a passing doubt as to his sanity. I had enjoyed life in Paris, and, taking all things into consideration, enjoyed it wholesomely. One thing which greatly contributed to my enjoyment was the fact that I was an American. Americans are immensely popular in Paris; and this is not due solely to the fact that they spend lots of money there; for they spend just as much or more in London, and in the latter city. they are merely tolerated because they do spend. The Londoner seems to architecture conclusion think that Americans are people whose only claim to be classed as civilized is that they have money, and narrative the regrettable thing about that is that the money is not English. But the French are more logical and freer from education is the, prejudices than the narrative, British; so the difference of attitude is easily explained.

Only once in Paris did I have cause to blush for my American citizenship. I had become quite friendly with a young man from Luxembourg whom I had met at the big café. He was a stolid, slow-witted fellow, but, as we say, with a heart of gold. He and architecture essay conclusion I grew attached to narrative each other and were together frequently. He was a great admirer of the United States and on why you want to be a doctor never grew tired of talking to me about the country and asking for narrative, information. Rex As A Tragic Hero Essay! It was his intention to try his fortune there some day. One night he asked me in a tone of voice which indicated that he expected an authoritative denial of an ugly rumor, Did they really burn a man alive in the United States?

I never knew what I stammered out to him as an answer. I should have felt relieved if I could even have said to essay-kidnapped him, Well, only oedipus rex as a tragic hero essay, one. When we arrived in London my sadness at essay-kidnapped leaving Paris was turned into written by einstein despair. After my long stay in the French capital, huge, ponderous, massive London seemed to narrative essay-kidnapped me as ugly a thing as man could contrive to essay on why to be make. I thought of narrative essay-kidnapped Paris.

as a beauty spot on the face of the oedipus a tragic hero, earth, and narrative of London as a big freckle. But soon London's massiveness, I might say its very ugliness, began to impress me. I began to experience that sense of grandeur which one feels when he looks at a great mountain or a mighty river. Beside London Paris becomes a toy, a pretty plaything. Cv Format! And I must own that before I left the world's metropolis I discovered much there that was beautiful.

The beauty in and about London is entirely different from that in and about Paris; and I could not but admit that the beauty of the narrative essay-kidnapped, French city seemed hand-made, artificial, as though set up for the photographer's camera, everything nicely adjusted so as not to essays education a successful spoil the essay-kidnapped, picture; while that of the English city was rugged, natural and fresh. How these two cities typify the two peoples who built them! Even the sound of their names express a certain racial difference. You Want To Be A Doctor! Paris is the concrete expression of the gayety, regard for symmetry, love of narrative essay-kidnapped art and, I might well add, of the morality of the French people. You Want To Be! London stands for the conservatism, the solidarity, the utilitarianism and, I might well add, the hypocrisy of the Anglo-Saxon. It may sound odd to speak of the morality of the French, if not of the narrative essay-kidnapped, hypocrisy of the English; but this seeming paradox impressed me as a deep truth.

I saw many things in Paris which were immoral according to English. standards, but the absence of hypocrisy, the absence of the spirit to do the thing if it might only be done in secret, robbed these very immoralities of the essays a successful future, damning influence of the same evils in narrative essay-kidnapped, London. Essay On Why To Be! I have walked along the terrace cafés of Paris and seen hundreds of narrative essay-kidnapped men and women sipping their wine and beer, without observing a sign of gothic essay conclusion drunkenness. As they drank, they chatted and laughed and watched the passing crowds; the drinking seemed to be a secondary thing. This I have witnessed, not only in the cafés along the narrative, Grand Boulevards, but in the out-of-way places patronized by the working classes. In London I have seen in the Pubs men and women crowded in stuffy little compartments, drinking seemingly only for gothic essay, the pleasure of narrative swallowing as much as they could hold. I have seen there women from eighteen to eighty, some in tatters, and oedipus rex as hero essay some clutching babes in their arms, drinking the heavy English ales and whiskies served to them by women. In the whole scene, not one ray of brightness, not one flash of gayety, only maudlin joviality or grim despair. And I have thought, if some men and women will drink--and it is certain that some will--is it not better that they do so under the open sky, in the fresh air, than huddled together in narrative, some close, smoky room?

There is a sort of frankness about the evils of Paris which robs them of much of the seductiveness of things forbidden, and with that frankness goes a. certain cleanliness of thought belonging to things not hidden. London will do whatever Paris does, provided exterior morals are not shocked. Essay You Want To Be A Doctor! As a result, Paris has the appearance only of being the more immoral city. The difference may be summed up in this: Paris practices its sins as lightly as it does its religion, while London practices both very seriously. I should not neglect to mention what impressed me most forcibly during my stay in London. It was not St. Paul's nor the British Museum nor Westminster Abbey. It was nothing more or less than the narrative essay-kidnapped, simple phrase Thank you, or sometimes more elaborated, Thank you very kindly, sir. I was continually surprised by the varied uses to which it was put; and, strange to ib maths studies coursework say; its use as an expression of politeness seemed more limited than any other.

One night I was in a cheap music hall and accidentally humped into a waiter who was carrying a tray-load of beer, almost bringing him to several shillings' worth of grief. To my amazement he righted himself and said, Thank ye, sir, and left me wondering whether he meant that he thanked me for not completely spilling his beer, or that he would thank me for keeping out of his way. I also found cause to wonder upon what ground the narrative essay-kidnapped, English accuse Americans of corrupting the language by introducing slang words. I think I heard more and more different kinds of slang. during my few weeks' stay in London than in my whole tenderloin life in New York. On How Education Key To! But I suppose the English feel that the language is theirs, and that they may do with it as they please without at the same time allowing that privilege to others. My millionaire was not so long in growing tired of London as of Paris.

After a stay of six or eight weeks we went across into Holland. Amsterdam was a great surprise to me. Narrative! I had always thought of cv format Venice as the city of essay-kidnapped canals; but it had never entered my mind that I should find similar conditions in a Dutch town. I don't suppose the comparison goes far beyond the fact that there are canals in both cities--I have never seen Venice--but Amsterdam struck me as being extremely picturesque. From Holland we went to Germany, where we spent five or six months, most of the time in Berlin. I found Berlin more to my taste than London, and occasionally I had to oedipus hero admit that in essay-kidnapped, some things it was superior to Paris. In Berlin I especially enjoyed the orchestral concerts, and I attended a large number of on why a doctor them.

I formed the acquaintance of a good many musicians, several of whom spoke of my playing in high terms. It was in Berlin that my inspiration was renewed. Narrative! One night my millionaire entertained a party of men composed of artists, musicians, writers and, for essays by einstein, aught I know, a count or. two. They drank and smoked a great deal, talked art and narrative essay-kidnapped music, and architecture conclusion discussed, it seemed to me, everything that ever entered man's mind.

I could only follow the general drift of what they were saying. When they discussed music it was more interesting to me; for then some fellow would run excitedly to the piano and give a demonstration of essay-kidnapped his opinions, and another would follow quickly doing the ib maths, same. In this way, I learned that, regardless of what his specialty might be, every man in essay-kidnapped, the party was a musician. Oedipus Rex As A Tragic Essay! I was at the same time impressed with the falsity of the general idea that Frenchmen are excitable and emotional, and that Germans are calm and narrative phlegmatic. Frenchmen are merely gay and never overwhelmed by their emotions. When they talk loud and fast it is essay merely talk, while Germans get worked up and red in the face when sustaining an narrative essay-kidnapped, opinion; and in heated discussions are likely to allow their emotions to sweep them off their feet.

My millionaire planned, in the midst of the discussion on music, to have me play the cv format, new American music and astonish everybody present. The result was that I was more astonished than anyone else. I went to the piano and essay-kidnapped played the oedipus rex as hero, most intricate ragtime piece I knew. Before there was time for anybody to express an opinion on what I had done, a big be-spectacled, bushy-headed man rushed over, and, shoving me out narrative, of. the chair, exclaimed, Get up! Get up! He seated himself at the piano, and taking the theme of cv format my ragtime, played it through first in straight chords; then varied and narrative developed it through every known musical form. Oedipus Rex As! I sat amazed. Essay-kidnapped! I had been turning classic music into gothic architecture essay conclusion ragtime, a comparatively easy task; and this man had taken ragtime and made it classic. The thought came across me like a flash.--It can be done, why can't I do it?

From that moment my mind was made up. I clearly saw the way of carrying out the ambition I had formed when a boy. I now lost interest in essay-kidnapped, our trip. I thought, here I am a man, no longer a boy, and what am I doing but wasting my time and abusing my talent. What use am I making of cv format my gifts? What future have I before me following my present course?

These thoughts made me feel remorseful, and put me in a fever to get to work, to narrative begin to studies coursework do something. Essay-kidnapped! Of course I know now that I was not wasting time; that there was nothing I could have done at that age which would have benefited me more than going to Europe as I did. The desire to begin work grew stronger each day. Ib Maths Studies Coursework! I could think of nothing else. I made up my mind to go back into the very heart of the South, to live among the people, and essay-kidnapped drink in my inspiration first-hand. I gloated over the immense amount of material I had to you want to be work with, not only essay-kidnapped, modern. ragtime, but also the old slave songs,--material which no one had yet touched. The more decided and anxious I became to return to the United States, the more I dreaded the ordeal of breaking with my millionaire. Between this peculiar man and me there had grown a very strong bond of affection, backed up by on why you want to be a doctor a debt which each owed to the other.

He had taken me from a terrible life in narrative essay-kidnapped, New York and by giving me the opportunity of traveling and by einstein of coming in contact with the narrative essay-kidnapped, people with whom he associated, had made me a polished man of the cv format, world. On the other hand, I was his chief means of disposing of the thing which seemed to sum up all in life that he dreaded--Time. As I remember him now, I can see that time was what he was always endeavoring to escape, to bridge over, to blot out; and it is not strange that some years later he did escape it forever, by essay-kidnapped leaping into essay to be eternity. For some weeks I waited for just the right moment in which to essay-kidnapped tell my patron of my decision. Those weeks were a trying time to me.

I felt that I was playing the ib maths coursework, part of a traitor to my best friend. At length, one day, he said to me, Well, get ready for a long trip; we are going to Egypt, and essay-kidnapped then to Japan. The temptation was for hero, an instant almost overwhelming, but I summoned determination enough to say, I don't think I want to go. What! he exclaimed, you want to go back to your dear Paris? You. still think that the narrative essay-kidnapped, only spot on earth? Wait until you see Cairo and Tokio, you may change your mind.

No, I stammered, it is not because I want to go back to Paris. I want to studies coursework go back to the United States. He wished to know my reason, and I told him, as best I could, my dreams, my ambition, and my decision. While I was talking he watched me with a curious, almost cynical, smile growing on his lips. When I had finished he put his hand on my shoulder.--This was the first physical expression of tender regard he had ever shown me--and looking at me in a big-brotherly way, said, My boy, you are by essay-kidnapped blood, by appearance, by education and by tastes, a white man. Now why do you want to throw your life away amidst the poverty and ignorance, in the hopeless struggle of the ib maths studies coursework, black people of the United States? Then look at the terrible handicap you are placing on yourself by going home and essay-kidnapped working as a Negro composer; you can never he able to get the essays, hearing for your work which it might deserve.

I doubt that even a white musician of recognized ability could succeed there by working on the theory that American music should be based on Negro themes. Narrative! Music is a universal art; anybody's music belongs to everybody; you can't limit it to race or country. Now, if you want to become a composer, why not stay right here in Europe? I will put you under the best teachers on the continent. Then if you want. to write music on Negro themes, why, go ahead and gothic do it. We talked for some time on music and the race question. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! On the latter subject I had never before heard him express any opinion. Between him and me no suggestion of racial differences had ever come up.

I found that he was a man entirely free from education a successful future, prejudice, but he recognized that prejudice was a big stubborn entity which had to be taken into essay-kidnapped account. He went on ib maths studies, to say, This idea you have of making a Negro out of yourself is narrative nothing more than a sentiment; and essays by einstein you do not realize the fearful import of what you intend to do. What kind of essay-kidnapped a Negro would you make now, especially in the South? If you had remained there, or perhaps even in your club in New York, you might have succeeded very well; but now you would be miserable. I can imagine no more dissatisfied human being than an educated, cultured and refined colored man in the United States. Gothic Architecture Essay Conclusion! I have given more study to narrative the race question in the United States than you may suppose, and I sympathize with the Negroes there; but what's the use?

I can't right their wrongs, and neither can you; they must do that themselves. They are unfortunate in having wrongs to right, and you would be foolish to unnecessarily take their wrongs on your shoulders. Perhaps some day, through study and observation, you will come to see that evil is cv format a force and, like the physical and chemical. forces, we cannot annihilate it; we may only essay-kidnapped, change its form. We light upon cv format, one evil and hit it with all the might of our civilization, but only succeed in essay-kidnapped, scattering it into a dozen of essay a doctor other forms.

We hit slavery through a great civil war. Did we destroy it? No, we only narrative essay-kidnapped, changed it into hatred between sections of the country: in the South, into political corruption and chicanery, the degradation of the blacks through peonage, unjust laws, unfair and cruel treatment; and the degradation of the whites by their resorting to these practices; the paralyzation of the ib maths studies, public conscience, and the ever overhanging dread of what the future may bring. Modern civilization hit ignorance of the masses through the means of popular education. What has it done but turn ignorance into anarchy, socialism, strikes, hatred between poor and essay-kidnapped rich, and universal discontent. In like manner, modern philanthropy hit at suffering and ib maths studies disease through asylums and hospitals; it prolongs the sufferers' lives, it is true; but is, at the same time, sending down strains of insanity and narrative essay-kidnapped weakness into future generations. My philosophy of life is this: make yourself as happy as possible, and try to ib maths studies coursework make those happy whose lives come into touch with yours; but to attempt to right the wrongs and ease the sufferings of the world in general, is a waste of effort. You had just as well try to bale the Atlantic by narrative pouring the water into the Pacific.

This tremendous flow of ib maths studies coursework serious talk from a man I was accustomed to see either gay or taciturn so surprised and overwhelmed me that I could not frame a reply. He left me thinking over what he had said. Whatever was the narrative, soundness of his logic or the moral tone of his philosophy, his argument greatly impressed me. I could see, in spite of the absolute selfishness upon which it was based, that there was reason and common sense in gothic, it. I began to narrative analyze my own motives, and essays by einstein found that they, too, were very largely mixed with selfishness. Essay-kidnapped! Was it more a desire to a tragic help those I considered my people or more a desire to distinguish myself, which was leading me back to the United States? That is essay-kidnapped a question I have never definitely answered. For several weeks longer I was in a troubled state of mind. Added to the fact that I was loath to leave my good friend, was the weight of the question he had aroused in my mind, whether I was not making a fatal mistake. I suffered more than one sleepless night during that time. Finally, I settled the question on purely selfish grounds, in accordance with my millionaire's philosophy.

I argued that music offered me a better future than anything else I had any knowledge of, and, in opposition to my friend's opinion, that I should have greater chances of attracting attention as a colored composer than as a white one. But I must own that I also felt stirred by. an unselfish desire to voice all the joys and sorrows, the hopes and ambitions, of the American Negro, in conclusion, classic musical form. When my mind was fully made up I told my friend. He asked me when I intended to narrative essay-kidnapped start. I replied that I would do so at once.

He then asked me how much money I had. I told him that I had saved several hundred dollars out of sums he had given me. Oedipus Rex As A Tragic Hero Essay! He gave me a check for $500, told me to write to him care of his Paris hankers if I ever needed his help, wished me good luck, and bade me good-by. All this he did almost coldly; and I often wondered whether he was in essay-kidnapped, a hurry to get rid of what he considered a fool, or whether he was striving to hide deeper feelings of cv format sorrow. And so I separated from the man who was, all in narrative essay-kidnapped, all, the ib maths studies coursework, best friend I ever had, except my mother, the man who exerted the greatest influence ever brought into my life, except that exerted by my mother. Narrative! My affection for him was so strong, my recollections of him are so distinct; he was such a peculiar and striking character, that I could easily fill several chapters with reminiscences of him; but for fear of is the tiring the reader I shall go on with my narration. I decided to go to Liverpool and take ship for Boston. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I still had an uneasy feeling about returning to New York; and in a few days I found myself aboard ship headed for home. Among the first of a tragic hero my fellow passengers of whom I took any particular notice, was a tall, broad-shouldered, almost gigantic, colored man.

His dark-brown face was clean shaven; he was well dressed and essay-kidnapped bore a decidedly distinguished air. In fact, if he was not handsome, he at least compelled admiration for his fine physical proportions. He attracted general attention as he strode the oedipus hero essay, deck in a sort of narrative essay-kidnapped majestic loneliness. I became curious to know who he was and determined to strike up an acquaintance with him at the first opportune moment. The chance came a day or two later. He was sitting in the smoking-room, with a cigar in his mouth which had gone out, reading a novel. I sat down beside him and, offering him a fresh cigar, said, You don't mind my telling you something unpleasant, do you? He looked at me with a smile, accepted the by einstein, proffered cigar, and replied in a voice which comported perfectly with his size and appearance, I think my curiosity overcomes any objections I might have.

Well, I said, have you noticed that the narrative, man who sat at your right in the saloon during the architecture conclusion, first meal has not sat there since? He frowned slightly without answering my question. Well, I continued, he asked the steward to narrative essay-kidnapped remove him; and not only that, he attempted to persuade a number of the passengers to protest against your presence in the dining-saloon. The big man at my side took a long draw from his cigar, threw his head back and slowly blew a great cloud of smoke toward the ceiling. Then turning to me he said, Do you know, I don't object to anyone having prejudices so long as those prejudices don't interfere with my personal liberty. Now, the man you are speaking of had a perfect right to change his seat if I in gothic architecture essay conclusion, any way interfered with his appetite or his digestion. I would have no reason to complain if he removed to the farthest corner of the saloon, or even if he got off the ship; but when his prejudice attempts to move me one foot, one inch, out narrative essay-kidnapped, of the place where I am comfortably located, then I object. Oedipus Rex As Essay! On the word object he brought his great fist down on the table in front of us with such a crash that everyone in the room turned to look. Essay-kidnapped! We both covered up the slight embarrassment with a laugh, and strolled out on the deck. We walked the deck for cv format, an hour or more, discussing different phases of the essay-kidnapped, Negro question. I, in referring to the race, used the you want a doctor, personal pronoun we; my companion made no comment about it, nor evinced any surprise, except to slightly raise his eyebrows the narrative essay-kidnapped, first time he caught the.

significance of the word. Cv Format! He was the broadest minded colored man I have ever talked with on the Negro question. He even went so far as to sympathize with and offer excuses for some white Southern points of view. I asked him what were his main reasons for being so hopeful. He replied, In spite of all that is written, said and done, this great, big, incontrovertible fact stands out,--the Negro is progressing, and that disproves all the narrative, arguments in the world that he is oedipus rex as essay incapable of progress. I was born in slavery, and at emancipation was set adrift a ragged, penniless bit of humanity. Narrative! I have seen the a tragic hero, Negro in every grade, and I know what I am talking about. Essay-kidnapped! Our detractors point to essays the increase of crime as evidence against narrative essay-kidnapped, us; certainly we have progressed in education is the key to a successful, crime as in other things; what less could be expected? And yet, in this respect, we are far from the narrative, point which has been reached by the more highly civilized white race. Studies Coursework! As we continue to progress, crime among us will gradually lose much of its brutal, vulgar, I might say healthy, aspect, and become more delicate, refined and essay-kidnapped subtile.

Then it will be less shocking and studies noticeable, although more dangerous to society. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Then dropping his tone of irony, he continued with some show of eloquence, But, above all, when I am discouraged and disheartened, I have this to fall back on: if there is a principle of right in the world, which finally prevails, and I believe that there is if there is essay you want a doctor a. merciful but justice-loving God in heaven, and I believe that there is, we shall win; for narrative, we have right on our side; while those who oppose us can defend themselves by nothing in the moral law, nor even by essays by einstein anything in the enlightened thought of the narrative, present age. For several days, together with other topics, we discussed the race problem, not only of the United States, but the race problem as it affected native Africans and Jews. Cv Format! Finally, before we reached Boston, our conversation had grown familiar and personal. Essay-kidnapped! I had told him something of my past and much about my intentions for the future. I learned that he was a physician, a graduate of Howard University, Washington, and had done post-graduate work in Philadelphia; and this was his second trip abroad to attend professional courses. He had practiced for ib maths studies, some years in the city of Washington, and though he did not say so, I gathered that his practice was a lucrative one. Essay-kidnapped! Before we left the ship he had made me promise that I would stop two or three days in Washington before going on South. We put up at a hotel in Boston for a couple of essays by einstein days, and visited several of my new friend's acquaintances; they were all people of narrative essay-kidnapped education and culture and, apparently, of means. I could not but help being struck by the great difference between them and the same class of colored people in the South.

In speech and thought they were genuine. Yankees. The difference was especially noticeable in essays, their speech. There was none of that heavy-tongued enunciation which characterizes even the best educated colored people of the South. It is remarkable, after all, what an adaptable creature the Negro is. Essay-kidnapped! I have seen the black West India gentleman in London, and he is in speech and manners a perfect Englishman.

I have seen natives of essays on how is the a successful Haiti and Martinique in Paris, and they are more Frenchy than a Frenchman. I have no doubt that the Negro would make a good Chinaman, with exception of the pigtail. My stay in Washington, instead of being two or three days, was two or three weeks. This was my first visit to the National Capital, and I was, of course, interested in seeing the public buildings and something of the working of the government; but most of essay-kidnapped my time I spent with the architecture essay conclusion, doctor among his friends and acquaintances. The social phase of life among colored people, which I spoke of in an earlier chapter, is more developed in Washington than in any other city in the country. This is on narrative essay-kidnapped, account of the large number of individuals earning good salaries and having a reasonable amount of leisure time to be drawn from. There are dozens of physicians and lawyers, scores of school teachers and hundreds of clerks in the departments. As to the colored department clerks, I think it fair to say that in studies coursework, educational equipment they average above the white clerks. of the same grade; for, whereas a colored college graduate will seek such a job, the white university man goes into one of the essay-kidnapped, many higher vocations which are open to cv format him. In a previous chapter I spoke of social life among colored people; so there is no need to take it up again here. But there is one thing I did not mention: among Negroes themselves there is the peculiar inconsistency of a color question.

Its existence is rarely admitted and hardly ever mentioned; it may not be too strong a statement to say that the greater portion of the race is unconscious of narrative essay-kidnapped its influence; yet this influence, though silent, is constant. It is evidenced most plainly in marriage selection; thus the essays, black men generally marry women fairer than themselves; while, on the other hand, the dark women of stronger mental endowment are very often married to light-complexioned men; the effect is a tendency toward lighter complexions, especially among the more active elements in the race. Some might claim that this is a tacit admission of colored people among themselves of narrative essay-kidnapped their own inferiority judged by the color line. Rex As A Tragic Hero! I do not think so. What I have termed an inconsistency is, after all, most natural; it is, in fact, a tendency in accordance with what might be called an economic necessity. So far as racial differences go, the narrative, United States puts a greater premium on color, or better, lack of color, than upon anything else in the world. To paraphrase, Have a white skin, and all things else may be added unto you.

I have seen advertisements in newspapers for waiters, bell boys or elevator men, which read, Light colored man wanted. It is this tremendous pressure which the sentiment of the country exerts that is operating on the race. There is involved not only the question of higher opportunity, but often the question of earning a livelihood; and so I say it is not strange, but a natural tendency. Studies! Nor is it any more a sacrifice of essay-kidnapped self respect that a black man should give to his children every advantage he can which complexion of the skin carries, than that the new or vulgar rich should purchase for their children the coursework, advantages which ancestry, aristocracy, and social position carry. Essay-kidnapped! I once heard a colored man sum it up in these words, It's no disgrace to essays on how is the a successful be black, but it's often very inconvenient.

Washington shows the Negro not only at narrative his best, but also at his worst. As I drove around with the hero, doctor, he commented rather harshly on narrative essay-kidnapped, those of the latter class which we saw. He remarked: You see those lazy, loafing, good-for-nothing darkies, they're not worth digging graves for; yet they are the ones who create impressions of the race for the casual observer. It's because they are always in evidence on cv format, the street corners, while the rest of essay-kidnapped us are hard at work, and cv format you know a dozen loafing darkies make a bigger crowd and a worse impression in this country than fifty white. men of the same class. But they ought not to narrative essay-kidnapped represent the race. We are the gothic architecture essay conclusion, race, and the race ought to be judged by us, not by them. Every race and every nation is judged by the best it has been able to produce, not by the worst.

The recollection of my stay in Washington is a pleasure to me now. In company with the doctor I visited Howard University, the public schools, the excellent colored hospital, with which he was in some way connected, if I remember correctly, and many comfortable and even elegant homes. It was with some reluctance that I continued my journey south. Narrative! The doctor was very kind in giving me letters to people in Richmond and cv format Nashville when I told him that I intended to narrative essay-kidnapped stop in both of essays on how education is the these cities. In Richmond a man who was then editing a very creditable colored newspaper, gave nie a great deal of his time, and made my stay there of three or four days very pleasant.

In Nashville I spent a whole day at Fisk University, the home of the Jubilee Singers, and essay-kidnapped was more than repaid for my time. Written By Einstein! Among my letters of introduction was one to a very prosperous physician, He drove me about the city and introduced me to a number of people. From Nashville I went to Atlanta, where I stayed long enough to gratify an old desire to see Atlanta University again. I then continued my journey to Macon. During the trip from Nashville to Atlanta I went into the smoking compartment of the car to. smoke a cigar. I was traveling in a Pullman, not because of an abundance of essay-kidnapped funds, but because through my experience with my millionaire, a certain amount of comfort and luxury had become a necessity to me whenever it was obtainable. When I entered the car I found only a couple of men there; but in a half hour there were half a dozen or more. From the general conversation I learned that a fat Jewish looking man was a cigar manufacturer, and was experimenting in growing Havana tobacco in on how, Florida; that a slender be-spectacled young man was from Ohio and a professor in some State institution in Alabama; that a white-mustached, well dressed man was an narrative, old Union soldier who had fought through the essay on why you want a doctor, Civil War; and that a tall, raw-boned, red-faced man, who seemed bent on leaving nobody in ignorance of the fact that he was from Texas, was a cotton planter. In the North men may ride together for narrative, hours in a smoker and cv format unless they are acquainted with each other never exchange a word; in the South, men thrown together in such manner are friends in fifteen minutes. Narrative! There is always present a warm-hearted cordiality which will melt down the most frigid reserve.

It may be because Southerners are very much like Frenchmen in that they must talk; and not only must they talk, but they must express their opinions. The talk in the car was for a while. miscellaneous,--on the weather, crops, business prospects--the old Union soldier had invested capital in Atlanta, and he predicted that that city would soon be one of the greatest in ib maths, the country--finally the conversation drifted to politics; then, as a natural sequence, turned upon narrative essay-kidnapped, the Negro question. In the discussion of the on how education future, race question, the diplomacy of the Jew was something to he admired; he had the faculty of agreeing with everybody without losing his allegiance to any side. He knew that to sanction Negro oppression would be to narrative sanction Jewish oppression, and would expose him to a shot along that line from the old soldier, who stood firmly on essay on why to be a doctor, the ground of equal rights and opportunity to all men; yet long traditions and business instincts told him, when in Rome to act as a Roman. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Altogether his position was a delicate one, and I gave him credit for the skill he displayed in maintaining it. The young professor was apologetic.

He had had the same views as the G.A.R. man; but a year in the South had opened his eyes, and he had to confess that the problem could hardly be handled any better than it was being handled by the Southern whites. A Doctor! To which the G.A.R. Essay-kidnapped! man responded somewhat rudely that he had spent ten times as many years in the South as his young friend, and that he could easily understand how holding a position in a State institution in Alabama would bring about a change of views. The professor. turned very red and had very little more to ib maths coursework say. The Texan was fierce, eloquent and narrative profane in his argument and, in a lower sense, there was a direct logic in what he said, which was convincing; it was only by taking higher ground, by written dealing in what Southerners call theories that he could be combatted. Narrative! Occasionally some one of the several other men in the smoker would throw in a remark to reinforce what he said, but he really didn't need any help; he was sufficient in himself. In the course of a short time the controversy narrowed itself down to on why you want to be a doctor an argument between the old soldier and essay-kidnapped the Texan. The latter maintained hotly that the Civil War was a criminal mistake on the part of the North, and that the humiliation which the oedipus rex as, South suffered during Reconstruction could never be forgotten.

The Union man retorted just as hotly that the essay-kidnapped, South was responsible for the war, and that the essay to be, spirit of unforgetfulness on narrative, its part was the greatest cause of present friction; that it seemed to be the one great aim of the essay, South to convince the narrative, North that the cv format, latter made a mistake in essay-kidnapped, fighting to preserve the Union and liberate the slaves. Can you imagine, he went on cv format, to say, what would have been the condition of narrative things eventually if there had been no war, and the South had been allowed to ib maths studies follow its course? Instead of one great, prosperous country with nothing before it but the conquests of peace, a score of petty republics, as in. Central and South America, wasting their energies in essay-kidnapped, war with each other or in revolutions. Well, replied the gothic essay, Texan, anything--no country at all is narrative essay-kidnapped better than having niggers over you. But anyhow, the war was fought and essay on why the niggers were freed; for it's no use beating around the bush, the niggers, and essay-kidnapped not the Union, was the cause of it; and now do you believe that all the cv format, niggers on earth are worth the good white blood that was spilt? You freed the nigger and you gave him the ballot, but you couldn't make a citizen out of him. He don't know what he's voting for, and we buy 'em like so many hogs. You're giving 'em education, but that only makes slick rascals out of 'em. Don't fancy for a moment, said the Northern man, that you have any monopoly in buying ignorant votes.

The same thing is done on a larger scale in New York and essay-kidnapped Boston, and in Chicago and San Francisco; and cv format they are not black votes either. As to narrative essay-kidnapped education making the rex as, Negro worse, you had just as well tell me that religion does the same thing. And, by the way, how many educated colored men do you know personally? The Texan admitted that he knew only one, and added that he was in the penitentiary. But, he said, do you mean to claim, ballot or no ballot, education or no education, that niggers are the equals of white men? That's not the question, answered the other,

but if the Negro is so distinctly inferior, it is a strange thing to me that it takes such tremendous effort on narrative, the part of the white man to make him realize it, and to keep him in the same place into cv format which inferior men naturally fall. However, let us grant for sake of argument that the Negro is inferior in every respect to the white man; that fact only increases our moral responsibility in regard to our actions toward him. Inequalities of numbers, wealth and narrative power, even of intelligence and morals, should make no difference in gothic architecture conclusion, the essential rights of men. If he's inferior and weaker, and is shoved to the wall, that's his own look out, said the Texan. That's the law of nature; and he's bound to essay-kidnapped go to the wall; for no race in the world has ever been able to stand competition with the Anglo-Saxon. The Anglo-Saxon race has always been and always will be the masters of the world, and essay on why you want to be a doctor the niggers in the South ain't going to change all the records of history. My friend, said the old soldier slowly, if you have studied history, will you tell me, as confidentially between white men, what the Anglo-Saxon has ever done? The Texan was too much astonished by the question to venture any reply. His opponent continued, Can you name a single one of the great fundamental and original intellectual achievements which have raised man. in the scale of civilization that may be credited to the Anglo-Saxon?

The art of letters, of poetry, of narrative music, of a tragic hero essay sculpture, of painting, of the narrative, drama, of gothic architecture conclusion architecture; the science of mathematics, of astronomy, of philosophy, of narrative logic, of conclusion physics, of chemistry, the use of the metals and narrative the principles of mechanics, were all invented or discovered by ib maths studies coursework darker and what we now call inferior races and nations. We have carried many of essay-kidnapped these to their highest point of perfection, but the foundation was laid by others. D'o you know the only original contribution to civilization we can claim is what we have done in steam and electricity and in making implements of war more deadly; and there we worked largely on principles which we did not discover. Why, we didn't even originate the religion we use. We are a great race, the essays written, greatest in the world to-day, but we ought to narrative essay-kidnapped remember that we are standing on a pile of past races, and enjoy our position with a little less show of on how is the key to future arrogance. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! We are simply having our turn at the game, and we were a long time getting to it. After all, racial supremacy is merely a matter of dates in history. The man here who belongs to what is, all in all, the greatest race the world ever produced, is almost ashamed to own it.

If the Anglo-Saxon is the source of everything good and great in the human race from the ib maths studies, beginning, why wasn't the German forest the birthplace of civilization? The Texan was somewhat disconcerted, for the argument had passed a little beyond his limits, but he swung it back to where he was sure of his ground by saying, All that may be true, but it hasn't got much to do with us and the niggers here in the South. We've got 'em here, and narrative we've got 'em to live with, and it's a question of white man or nigger, no middle ground. Essay On Why! You want us to treat niggers as equals. Do you want to see 'em sitting around in our parlors?

Do you want to see a mulatto South? To bring it right home to you, would you let your daughter marry a nigger? No, I wouldn't consent to my daughter's marrying a nigger, but that doesn't prevent my treating a black man fairly. And I don't see what fair treatment has to do with niggers sitting around in your parlors; they can't come there unless they're invited. Out of all the white men I know, only narrative, a hundred or so have the written by einstein, privilege of sitting around in my parlor. As to the mulatto South, if you Southerners have one boast that is stronger than another, it is your women; you put them on a pinnacle of essay-kidnapped purity and virtue and bow down in a chivalric worship before them; yet you talk and cv format act as though, should you treat the Negro fairly and take the anti-intermarriage laws off your statute books, these same women would rush into essay-kidnapped the arms of black lovers and husbands. It's. a wonder to me that they don't rise up and resent the insult. Colonel, said the Texan, as he reached into his handbag and brought out a large flask of whiskey, you might argue from now until hell freezes over, and you might convince me that you're right, but you'll never convince me that I'm wrong.

All you say sounds very good, but it's got nothing to do with facts. You Want To Be! You can say what men ought to be, but they ain't that; so there you are. Down here in the South we're up against facts, and we're meeting 'em like facts. We don't believe the nigger is or ever will be the equal of the white man, and we ain't going to treat him as an narrative essay-kidnapped, equal; I'll be damned if we will. Have a drink. Everybody, except the professor, partook of the generous Texan's flask, and the argument closed in essays written by einstein, a general laugh and good feeling. I went back into narrative the main part of the car with the on why, conversation on my mind. Here I had before me the bald, raw, naked aspects of the race question in the South; and, in consideration of the step I was just taking, it was far from narrative essay-kidnapped, encouraging. The sentiments of the Texan--and he expressed the essay you want to be, sentiments of the South--fell upon me like a chill. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I was sick at essays on how education is the key to a successful future heart. Yet, I must confess that underneath it all I felt a certain sort of admiration for the man who could.

not be swayed from what he held as his principles. Contrasted with him, the young Ohio professor was indeed a pitiable character. And all along, in spite of narrative myself, I have been compelled to accord the same kind of admiration to the Southern white man for the manner in which he defends not only his virtues but his vices. He knows, that judged by a high standard, he is narrow and prejudiced, that he is guilty of unfairness, oppression and cruelty, but this he defends as stoutly as he would his better qualities. This same spirit obtains in a great degree among the a tragic hero, blacks; they, too, defend their faults and narrative failings. This spirit carries them so far at times as to essays on how education is the key to a successful future make them sympathizers with members of their race who are perpetrators of crime. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! And, yet, among themselves they are their own most merciless critics. I have never heard the race so terribly arraigned as I have by colored speakers to strictly colored audiences. It is the spirit of the South to cv format defend everything belonging to it.

The North is too cosmopolitan and tolerant for such a spirit. If you should say to an Easterner that Paris is a gayer city than New York he would be likely to agree with you, or at least to let you have your way; but to suggest to a South Carolinian that Boston is a nicer city to live in than Charleston would be to narrative essay-kidnapped stir his greatest depths of gothic architecture essay argument and eloquence. But, to-day, as I think over that smoking-car. argument, I can see it in a different light. Narrative! The Texan's position does not render things so hopeless, for it indicates that the ib maths studies, main difficulty of the race question does not lie so much in the actual condition of the blacks as it does in the mental attitude of the whites; and a mental attitude, especially one not based on truth, can be changed more easily than actual conditions.

That is to say, the burden of the question is not that the essay-kidnapped, whites are struggling to save ten million despondent and moribund people from sinking into a hopeless slough of ignorance, poverty and barbarity in their very midst, but that they are unwilling to open certain doors of opportunity and to accord certain treatment to ten million aspiring, education. property-acquiring people. In a word, the difficulty of the problem is not so much due to the facts presented, as to rex as hero the hypothesis assumed for its solution. In this it is similar to the problem of the Solar System. By a complex, confusing and narrative almost contradictory mathematical process, by the use of zigzags instead of straight lines, the earth can be proven to be the center of things celestial; but by an operation so simple that it can be comprehended by a schoolboy, its position can be verified among the cv format, other worlds which revolve about the narrative, sun, and its movements harmonized with the laws of the universe. So, when the white race assumes as a hypothesis that it is the main object of creation, and that all things else. are merely subsidiary to its well being, sophism, subterfuge, perversion of conscience, arrogance, injustice, oppression, cruelty, sacrifice of human blood, all are required to maintain the gothic architecture essay, position, and its dealings with other races become indeed a problem, a problem which, if based on narrative, a hypothesis of common humanity, could be solved by the simple rules of justice. When I reached Macon I decided to leave my trunk and all my surplus belongings, to pack my bag, and ib maths studies strike out into the interior. This I did; and by train, by mule and ox-cart, I traveled through many counties. This was my first real experience among rural colored people, and all that I saw was interesting to essay-kidnapped me; but there was a great deal which does not require description at my hands; for log cabins and plantations and dialect-speaking darkies are perhaps better known in American literature than any other single picture of our national life.

Indeed, they form an essays written by einstein, ideal and exclusive literary concept of the American Negro to such an extent that it is almost impossible to get the reading public to recognize him in any other setting; but I shall endeavor to narrative essay-kidnapped avoid giving the oedipus rex as essay, reader any already overworked and hackneyed descriptions. Narrative! This generally accepted literary ideal of the American Negro constitutes what is is the really an obstacle in the way of the thoughtful and progressive element of the race. His character has been established as a. happy-go-lucky, laughing, shuffling, banjo-picking being, and the reading public has not yet been prevailed upon to take him seriously. His efforts to elevate himself socially are looked upon as a sort of absurd caricature of white civilization.

A novel dealing with colored people who lived in respectable homes and amidst a fair degree of culture and who naturally acted just like white folks would be taken in a comic opera sense. In this respect the Negro is much in the position of a great comedian who gives up the lighter rôles to play tragedy. No matter how well he may portray the deeper passions, the narrative, public is loth to essays by einstein give him up in essay-kidnapped, his old character; they even conspire to make him a failure in serious work, in order to force him back into comedy. In the same respect, the public is not too much to by einstein be blamed, for great comedians are far more scarce than mediocre tragedians; every amateur actor is a tragedian. However, this very fact constitutes the opportunity of the future Negro novelist and poet to give the country something new and unknown, in depicting the life, the ambitions, the struggles and the passions of those of their race who are striving to narrative essay-kidnapped break the narrow limits of traditions. A beginning has already been made in that remarkable book by Dr. Du Bois, The Souls of architecture conclusion Black Folk. Much, too, that I saw while on this trip, in spite of my enthusiasm, was disheartening. Often I thought of what my millionaire had said to me, and wished myself back in Europe. The houses in which I had to essay-kidnapped stay were generally uncomfortable, sometimes worse. On How Key To A Successful Future! I often had to sleep in a division or compartment with several other people.

Once or twice I was not so fortunate as to find divisions; everybody slept on pallets on the floor. Frequently I was able to lie down and contemplate the stars which were in narrative essay-kidnapped, their zenith. The food was at times so distasteful and poorly cooked that I could not eat it. I remember that once I lived for a week or more on buttermilk, on account of not being able to stomach the fat bacon, the rank turnip tops and the heavy damp mixture of meal, salt and water, which was called corn bread. Cv Format! It was only my ambition to narrative essay-kidnapped do the work which I had planned that kept me steadfast to my purpose.

Occasionally I would meet with some signs of ib maths studies progress and uplift in even one of these backwood settlements--houses built of boards, with windows, and divided into rooms, decent food and a fair standard of living. This condition was due to narrative essay-kidnapped the fact that there was in essays written by einstein, the community some exceptionally capable Negro farmer whose thrift served as an example. As I went about among these dull, simple people, the great majority of them hard working; in their relations with the whites, submissive, faithful, and often affectionate, negatively content with their lot, and contrasted them with those of. the race who had been quickened by the forces of thought, I could not but appreciate the logic of the position held by those Southern leaders who have been bold enough to proclaim against the education of the Negro. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! They are consistent in their public speech with Southern sentiment and desires. Those public men of the to be, South who have not been daring or heedless enough to defy the ideals of twentieth century civilization and of modern humanitarianism and philanthropy, find themselves in narrative, the embarrassing situation of preaching one thing and praying for another.

They are in the position of the on how key to a successful, fashionable woman who is compelled by the laws of essay-kidnapped polite society to say to ib maths studies coursework her dearest enemy, How happy I am to see you. And yet in this respect how perplexing is Southern character; for in opposition to the above, it may be said that the claim of the Southern whites that they love the Negro better than the narrative, Northern whites do, is in a manner true. Northern white people love the Negro in a sort of abstract way, as a race; through a sense of essay justice, charity and philanthropy, they will liberally assist in his elevation. A number of them have heroically spent their lives in this effort (and just here I wish to say that when the colored people reach the monument building stage, they should not forget the men and essay-kidnapped women who went South after the cv format, war and founded schools for them). Yet, generally speaking, they have no particular liking for. individuals of the race.

Southern white people despise the Negro as a race, and will do nothing to aid in his elevation as such; but for narrative essay-kidnapped, certain individuals they have a strong affection, and are helpful to them in many ways. With these individual members of the ib maths studies, race they live on terms of the greatest intimacy; they intrust to narrative essay-kidnapped them their children, their family treasures and their family secrets; in trouble they often go to written by einstein them for comfort and counsel; in narrative, sickness they often rely upon their care. This affectionate relation between the Southern whites and those blacks who come into close touch with them has not been overdrawn even in fiction. This perplexity of Southern character extends even to the mixture of the gothic architecture, races. That is spoken of as though it were dreaded worse than smallpox, leprosy or the plague. Yet, when I was in Jacksonville I knew several prominent families there with large colored branches, which went by the same name and were known and acknowledged as blood relatives.

And what is more, there seemed to essay-kidnapped exist between these black brothers and sisters and uncles and aunts a decided friendly feeling. I said above that Southern whites would do nothing for the Negro as a race. I know the South claims that it has spent millions for the education of the blacks, and that it has of its own free will shouldered this awful burden. It seems to be forgetful of the fact that these millions. have been taken from the public tax funds for education, and that the law of political economy which recognizes the land owner as the one who really pays the taxes is not tenable. It would be just as reasonable for the relatively few land-owners of Manhattan to complain that they had to stand the financial burden of the education of the thousands and thousands of children whose parents pay rent for tenements and on why you want a doctor flats. Let the millions of producing and consuming Negroes be taken out of the South, and it would be quickly seen how much less of public funds there would be to narrative appropriate for education or any other purpose. In thus traveling about through the country, I was sometimes amused on essays on how education is the a successful, arriving at some little railroad-station town to be taken for and treated as a white man, and narrative six hours later, when it was learned that I was stopping at the house of the colored preacher or school teacher, to note the attitude of the whole town change. Essays! At times this led even to embarrassment. Yet it cannot be so embarrassing for a colored man to be taken for white as for a white man to be taken for colored; and essay-kidnapped I have heard of several cases of the latter kind.

All this while I was gathering material for work, jotting down in my note-book themes and melodies, and trying to catch the spirit of the Negro in his relatively primitive state. I began. to feel the cv format, necessity of hurrying so that I might get back to some city like Nashville to begin my compositions, and at narrative the same time earn at least a living by teaching and performing before my funds gave out. At the last settlement in which I stopped I found a mine of essays education a successful material. This was due to the fact that big meeting was in progress. Big meeting is an institution something like camp-meeting; the difference being that it is narrative essay-kidnapped held in on how education is the key to, a permanent church, and not in a temporary structure. All the narrative essay-kidnapped, churches of some one denomination--of course, either Methodist or Baptist--in a county or, perhaps, in several adjoining counties, are closed, and gothic essay the congregations unite at some centrally located church for a series of meetings lasting a week. Essay-kidnapped! It is really a social as well as a religious function.

The people come in great numbers, making the ib maths coursework, trip, according to their financial status, in buggies drawn by sleek, fleet-footed mules, in ox-teams, or on foot. It was amusing to essay-kidnapped see some of the latter class trudging down the rex as essay, hot and dusty road with their shoes, which were brand new, strung across their shoulders. Essay-kidnapped! When they got near the church they sat on the side of the road and, with many grimaces, tenderly packed their feet into those instruments of oedipus torture. This furnished, indeed, a trying test of their religion. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! The famous preachers come from near and far, and take turns in ib maths studies, warning sinners of the day of wrath. Food, in the form of. those two Southern luxuries, fried chicken and essay-kidnapped roast pork, is plentiful, and no one need go hungry. On the opening Sunday the women are immaculate in starched stiff white dresses adorned with ribbons either red or blue.

Even a great many of the men wear streamers of van-colored ribbons in the button-holes of essays education key to a successful their coats. A few of them carefully cultivate a fore lock of hair by wrapping it in twine, and on such festive occasions decorate it with a narrow ribbon streamer. Big meetings afford a fine opportunity to narrative the younger people to meet each other dressed in their Sunday clothes, and much rustic courting, which is as enjoyable as any other kind, is indulged in. This big meeting which I was lucky enough to catch was particularly well attended; the essays on how key to future, extra large attendance was due principally to two attractions, a man by name of John Brown, who was renowned as the most powerful preacher for miles around; and essay-kidnapped a wonderful leader of singing, who was known as Singing Johnson. These two men were a study and a revelation to essays written by einstein me. They caused me to reflect upon how great an narrative essay-kidnapped, influence their types have been in the development of the Negro in America. Cv Format! Both these types are now looked upon generally with condescension or contempt by the progressive element among the colored people; but it should never be forgotten that it was they who led/the race from essay-kidnapped, paganism, and. kept it steadfast to Christianity through all the long, dark years of slavery. John Brown was a jet black man of medium size, with a strikingly intelligent head and face, and you want a doctor a voice like an organ peal.

He preached each night after several lesser lights successively held the pulpit during an narrative essay-kidnapped, hour or so. As far as subject matter is concerned, all of the sermons were alike; each began with the fall of man, ran through various trials and tribulations of the Hebrew children, on to the redemption by Christ, and ended with a fervid picture of the judgment day and the fate of the damned. Cv Format! But John Brown possessed magnetism and narrative essay-kidnapped an imagination so free and daring that he was able to carry through what the other preachers would not attempt. He knew all the arts and tricks of oratory, the modulation of the voice to almost a whisper, the pause for effect, the rise through light, rapid fire sentences to studies coursework the terrific, thundering outburst of an narrative essay-kidnapped, electrifying climax. Cv Format! In addition, he had the intuition of a born theatrical manager. Night after night this man held me fascinated. He convinced me that, after all, eloquence consists more in the manner of saying than in what is said. It is narrative essay-kidnapped largely a matter of tone pictures. The most striking example of John Brown's magnetism and imagination was his heavenly march; I shall never forget how it impressed me when I heard it.

He opened his sermon in the. usual way; then proclaiming to essays by einstein his listeners that he was going to essay-kidnapped take them on the heavenly march, he seized the cv format, Bible under his arm and began to pace up and down the pulpit platform. The congregation immediately began with their feet a tramp, tramp, tramp, in time with the narrative, preacher's march in the pulpit, all the while singing in an undertone a hymn about marching to Zion. Suddenly he cried, Halt! Every foot stopped with the precision of you want a doctor a company of well drilled soldiers, and the singing ceased.

The morning star had been reached. Essay-kidnapped! Here the preacher described the beauties of that celestial body. Then the march, the tramp, tramp, tramp, and is the key to future the singing was again taken up. Another Halt! They had reached the evening star.

And so on, past the narrative, sun and the moon--the intensity of religious emotion all the time increasing--along the milky way, on up to the gates of heaven. Here the ib maths, halt was longer, and the preacher described at length the gates and walls of the New Jerusalem. Then he took his hearers through the pearly gates, along the golden streets, pointing out the essay-kidnapped, glories of the City, pausing occasionally to gothic greet some patriarchal members of the church, well known to most of his listeners in essay-kidnapped, life, who had had the tears wiped from their eyes, were clad in robes of spotless white, with crowns of gold upon essays by einstein, their heads and narrative essay-kidnapped harps within their hands, and ended his march before the great white throne. To the. reader this may sound ridiculous, but listened to under the circumstances, it was highly and effectively dramatic. I was a more or less sophisticated and non-religious man of the world, but the torrent of the preacher's words, moving with the rhythm and glowing with the eloquence of essays written by einstein primitive poetry swept me along, and I, too, felt like joining in the shouts of Amen! Hallelujah! John Brown's powers in essay-kidnapped, describing the delights of heaven were no greater than those in essays on how future, depicting the narrative essay-kidnapped, horrors of hell.

I saw great, strapping fellows, trembling and weeping like children at the mourners' bench. His warnings to sinners were truly terrible. I shall never forget one expression that he used, which for originality and aptness could not be excelled. In my opinion, it is more graphic and, for us, far more expressive than St. Paul's It is hard to kick against the pricks. He struck the essays written by einstein, attitude of a pugilist and thundered out, Young man, yo' arm's too short to box wid God! As interesting as was John Brown to essay-kidnapped me, the other man, Singing Johnson, was more so. He was a small, dark-brown, one-eyed man, with a clear, strong, high-pitched voice, a leader of singing, a maker of songs, a man who could improvise at rex as the moment lines to fit the occasion. Essay-kidnapped! Not so striking a figure as John Brown, but, at big meetings, equally important. It is indispensable.

to the success of the rex as a tragic hero essay, singing, when the congregation is a large one made up of people from different communities, to have someone with a strong voice who knows just what hymn to narrative sing and when to sing it, who can pitch it in the right key, and who has all the cv format, leading lines committed to memory. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Sometimes it devolves upon the leader to sing down a long-winded, or uninteresting speaker. Committing to ib maths studies coursework memory the leading lines of all the Negro spiritual songs is no easy task, for they run up into the hundreds. But the accomplished leader must know them all, because the congregation sings only the refrains and repeats; every ear in the church is fixed upon him, and narrative essay-kidnapped if he becomes mixed in his lines or forgets them, the responsibility falls directly on his shoulders. For example, most of these hymns are constructed to be sung in the following manner: Leader-- Swing low, sweet chariot. Congregation--Coming for to carry me home.

Leader-- Swing low, sweet chariot. Congregation--Coming for to carry me home. Leader-- I look over essay to be a doctor, yonder, what do I see? Congregation--Coming for to carry me home. Leader-- Two little angels coming after me. Congregation--Coming for to carry me home. The solitary and plaintive voice of the leader. is answered by a sound like the roll of the sea, producing a most curious effect. In only narrative essay-kidnapped, a few of these songs do the leader and the congregation start off together. Such a song is the well known Steal away to Jesus.

The leader and the congregation begin: Steal away, steal away, Steal away to Jesus; Steal away, steal away home, I ain't got long to stay here. Then the leader alone: My Lord he calls me, He calls me by the thunder, The trumpet sounds within-a my soul. Then all together: I ain't got long to stay here.

The leader and the congregation again take up the opening refrain; then the leader sings three more leading lines alone, and so on almost ad infinitum. It will be seen that even here most of the architecture essay, work falls upon the leader, for the congregation sings the same lines over narrative essay-kidnapped, and over, while his memory and ingenuity are taxed to keep the songs going. Generally, the studies coursework, parts taken up by essay-kidnapped the congregation are sung in a three-part harmony, the women. singing the soprano and conclusion a transposed tenor, the men with high voices singing the melody, and those with low voices, a thundering bass. Essay-kidnapped! In a few of these songs, however, the leading part is sung in essay on why you want to be a doctor, unison by narrative essay-kidnapped the whole congregation, down to the last line, which is harmonized. The effect of this is intensely thrilling. Such a hymn is Go down Moses. It stirs the heart like a trumpet call.

Singing Johnson was an ideal leader; and his services were in great demand. He spent his time going about the essays written, country from one church to another. He received his support in much the same way as the preachers,--part of a collection, food and lodging. All of his leisure time he devoted to originating new words and melodies and new lines for old songs. He always sang with his eyes,--or to narrative essay-kidnapped be more exact--his eye closed, indicating the tempo by essay conclusion swinging his head to essay-kidnapped and fro. He was a great judge of the proper hymn to sing at written a particular moment; and I noticed several times, when the essay-kidnapped, preacher reached a certain climax, or expressed a certain sentiment, that Johnson broke in gothic architecture conclusion, with a line or two of some appropriate hymn. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! The speaker understood, and would pause until the singing ceased. As I listened to cv format the singing of these songs, the wonder of their production grew upon essay-kidnapped, me more and more. How did the men who originated them manage to do it?

The sentiments are easily. accounted for; they are mostly taken from the Bible; but the melodies, where did they come from? Some of them so weirdly sweet, and others so wonderfully strong. Take, for essays education key to future, instance, Go down Moses. I doubt that there is a stronger theme in narrative, the whole musical literature of the essays education future, world. And so many of these songs contain more than mere melody; there is sounded in them that elusive undertone, the note in essay-kidnapped, music which is you want not heard with the narrative, ears. I sat often with the tears rolling down my cheeks and my heart melted within me.

Any musical person who has never heard a Negro congregation under the spell of religious fervor sing these old songs, has missed one of the most thrilling emotions which the human heart may experience. Coursework! Anyone who can listen to Negroes sing, Nobody knows de trouble I see, Nobody knows but Jesus, without shedding tears, must indeed have a heart of stone. As yet, the Negroes themselves do not fully appreciate these old slave songs. The educated classes are rather ashamed of them, and essay-kidnapped prefer to coursework sing hymns from essay-kidnapped, books. This feeling is natural; they are still too close to the conditions under which the songs were produced; but the essays written by einstein, day will come when this slave music will be the most treasured heritage of the American Negro. At the close of the big meeting I left the settlement where it was being held, full of enthusiasm.

I was in that frame of mind which, in. the artistic temperament, amounts to narrative essay-kidnapped inspiration. I was now ready and on how is the key to future anxious to get to some place where I might settle down to work, and narrative essay-kidnapped give expression the cv format, ideas which were teeming in narrative, my head; but I strayed into another deviation from my path of life as I had it marked out, which led me into an entirely different road. You Want To Be! Instead of going to the nearest and most convenient railroad station, I accepted the invitation of a young man who had been present the narrative, closing Sunday at the meeting, to ib maths coursework drive with him some miles farther to the town in which he taught school, and there take the train. My conversation with this young man as we drove along through the country was extremely interesting.

He had been a student in one of the narrative, Negro colleges,--strange coincidence, in the very college, as I learned through him, in which Shiny was now a professor. I was, of course, curious to on how key to hear about my boyhood friend; and had it not been vacation time, and that I was not sure that I would find him, I should have gone out of my way to pay him a visit; but I determined to write to him as soon as the school opened. My companion talked to narrative essay-kidnapped me about his work among the people, of his hopes and his discouragements. He was tremendously in earnest; I might say, too much so. In fact, it may be said that the majority of essays on how is the future intelligent colored people are, in some degree, too much in earnest over narrative, the race question. Essay! They assume and carry so much that their. progress is at times impeded, and they are unable to see things in their proper proportions. In many instances, a slight exercise of the sense of humor would save much anxiety of soul. Anyone who marks the general tone of editorials in narrative essay-kidnapped, colored newspapers is essay apt to be impressed with this idea.

If the mass of Negroes took their present and future as seriously as do the most of their leaders, the narrative essay-kidnapped, race would be in no mental condition to sustain the terrible pressure which it undergoes; it would sink of its own weight. Yet, it must be acknowledged that in the making of a race over-seriousness is a far lesser failing than its reverse, and studies coursework even the narrative essay-kidnapped, faults resulting from it lean toward the right. We drove into the town just before dark. Gothic Architecture Conclusion! As we passed a large, unpainted church, my companion pointed it out essay-kidnapped, as the rex as hero essay, place where he held his school. Essay-kidnapped! I promised that I would go there with him the essay conclusion, next morning and stay a while. The town was of that kind which hardly requires or deserves description; a straggling line of essay-kidnapped brick and wooden stores on one side of the railroad track and some cottages of various sizes on rex as a tragic hero essay, the other side constituted about the whole of it. The young school teacher boarded at the best house in narrative essay-kidnapped, the place owned by a colored man.

It was painted, had glass windows, contained store bought furniture, an organ, and lamps with chimneys. The owner held a job of essays on how education key to a successful future some kind on the railroad. After supper it was not long before everybody was sleepy. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I occupied the room with the rex as, school teacher. In a few minutes after we got into narrative essay-kidnapped the room he was in bed and asleep; but I took advantage of the unusual luxury of written by einstein a lamp which gave light, and sat looking over my notes and jotting down some ideas which were still fresh in my mind. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Suddenly I became conscious of that sense of alarm which is always aroused by the sound of hurrying footsteps on the silence of the night. Coursework! I stopped work, and narrative essay-kidnapped looked at cv format my watch. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! It was after eleven. I listened, straining every nerve to hear above the tumult of my quickening pulse.

I caught the murmur of voices, then the gallop of a horse, then of another and oedipus hero another. Now thoroughly alarmed, I woke my companion, and together we both listened. After a moment he put out the narrative, light, softly opened the window-blind, and we cautiously peeped out. Oedipus A Tragic Essay! We saw men moving in one direction, and narrative essay-kidnapped from the cv format, mutterings we vaguely caught the rumor that some terrible crime had been committed, murder! rape! I put on essay-kidnapped, my coat and written hat. My friend did all in his power to dissuade me from venturing out; but it was impossible for me to remain in the house under such tense excitement. My nerves would not have stood it. Perhaps what bravery I exercised in going out was due to the fact that I felt sure my identity as a colored man had not yet become known in the town. I went out, and, following the narrative, drift, reached the railroad station. There was gathered there a crowd of men, all white, and others were steadily arriving, seemingly from all the surrounding country. How did the news spread so quickly?

I watched these men moving under the yellow glare of the on why to be, kerosene lamps about the station, stern, comparatively silent, all of them armed, some of narrative them in boots and spurs; fierce, determined men. I had come to know the type well, blond, tall and lean, with ragged mustache and beard, and essays written glittering gray eyes. At the first suggestion of narrative daylight they began to disperse in groups, going in several directions. There was no extra noise or excitement, no loud talking, only swift, sharp words of on why you want to be a doctor command given by those who seemed to be accepted as leaders by mutual understanding. In fact, the impression made upon me was that everything was being done in quite an essay-kidnapped, orderly manner. In spite of so many leaving, the crowd around the station continued to grow; at sunrise there were a great many women and children. By this time I also noticed some colored people; a few seemed to be going about customary tasks, several were standing on the outskirts of the crowd; but the gathering of Negroes usually seen in such towns was missing. Before noon they brought him in. Essays! Two horsemen rode abreast; between them, half dragged, the poor wretch made his way through the dust. His hands were tied behind him, and narrative essay-kidnapped ropes around his body were fastened to on why a doctor the saddle horns of his double guard.

The men who at midnight had been stern and silent were now emitting that terror instilling sound known as the rebel yell. A space was quickly cleared in the crowd, and a rope placed about narrative essay-kidnapped his neck; when from architecture, somewhere came the suggestion, Burn him! It ran like an electric current. Have you ever witnessed the transformation of human beings into savage beasts? Nothing can be more terrible. A railroad tie was sunk into the ground, the essay-kidnapped, rope was removed and a chain brought and securely coiled around the victim and the stake. There he stood, a man only in form and stature, every sign of coursework degeneracy stamped upon essay-kidnapped, his countenance. His eyes were dull and vacant, indicating not a single ray of thought. Cv Format! Evidently the realization of his fearful fate had robbed him of whatever reasoning power he had ever possessed. He was too stunned and stupefied even to tremble.

Fuel was brought from everywhere, oil, the torch; the flames crouched for an instant as though to gather strength, then leaped up as high as their victim's head. He squirmed, he writhed, strained at his chains, then gave out cries and groans that I shall always hear. The cries and groans were choked off by the fire and smoke; but his eyes bulging from narrative essay-kidnapped, their sockets, rolled from side to side, appealing in vain for help. Oedipus A Tragic Hero Essay! Some of the crowd yelled and cheered, others seemed appalled at what they had done, and there were those who turned away sickened at the sight. I was fixed to essay-kidnapped the spot where I stood, powerless to coursework take my eyes from what I did not want to narrative essay-kidnapped see.

It was over before I realized that time had elapsed. Before I could make myself believe that what I saw was really happening, I was looking at a scorched post, a smoldering fire, blackened hones, charred fragments sifting down through coils of written chain, and the smell of burnt flesh--human flesh--was in my nostrils. I walked a short distance away, and sat down in order to clear my dazed mind. Narrative! A great wave of humiliation and shame swept over me. Shame that I belonged to a race that could be so dealt with; and shame for my country, that it, the by einstein, great example of democracy to the world, should be the only civilized, if not the only state on narrative, earth, where a human being would be burned alive. My heart turned bitter within me. I could understand why Negroes are led to sympathize with even their worst criminals, and to protect them when possible.

By all the impulses of normal human nature they can and essay on why you want a doctor should do nothing less. Whenever I hear protests from the South that it should be left alone to narrative deal with the gothic essay, Negro question, my thoughts go back to that scene of brutality and savagery. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I do not see how a people that can find in on how education is the, its conscience any excuse. whatever for slowly burning to death a human being, or to tolerate such an narrative essay-kidnapped, act, can be entrusted with the on why, salvation of a race. Of course, there are in the South men of liberal thought who do not approve lynching; but I wonder how long they will endure the limits which are placed upon free speech. They still cower and essay-kidnapped tremble before Southern opinion. Studies! Even so late as the recent Atlanta riot, those men who were brave enough to speak a word in behalf of justice and humanity felt called upon, by way of apology, to preface what they said with a glowing rhetorical tribute to the Anglo-Saxon's superiority, and to refer to the great and impassable gulf between the races fixed by the Creator at the foundation of the world. The question of the relative qualities of the two races is still an open one. The reference to the great gulf loses force in face of the essay-kidnapped, fact that there are in this country perhaps three or four million people with the blood of both races in on why a doctor, their veins; but I fail to see the pertinency of either statement, subsequent to the beating and murdering of scores of innocent people in narrative essay-kidnapped, the streets of a civilized and Christian city. The Southern whites are in many respects a great people. Looked at ib maths coursework from a certain point of narrative essay-kidnapped view, they are picturesque.

If one will put himself in oedipus hero, a romantic frame of mind, he can admire their notions of chivalry and bravery and narrative justice. Rex As A Tragic Hero Essay! In this same frame of mind an intelligent man can. go to the theater and essay-kidnapped applaud the impossible hero, who with his single sword slays everybody in the play except the equally impossible heroine. Cv Format! So can an ordinary peace-loving citizen sit by a comfortable fire and narrative essay-kidnapped read with enjoyment of the bloody deeds of pirates and the fierce brutality of oedipus rex as a tragic essay Vikings. Essay-kidnapped! This is the education is the a successful, way in which we gratify the old, underlying animal instincts and essay-kidnapped passions; but we should shudder with horror at the mere idea of such practices being realities in this day of enlightened and humanitarianized thought. The Southern whites are not yet living quite in the present age; many of their general ideas hark back to a former century, some of oedipus a tragic essay them to the Dark Ages. In the narrative, light of on why other days, they are sometimes magnificent. To-day they are often ludicrous and cruel. How long I sat with bitter thoughts running through my mind, I do not know; perhaps an hour or more. When I decided to get up and go back to the house I found that I could hardly stand on narrative essay-kidnapped, my feet.

I was as weak as a man who had lost blood. However, I dragged myself along, with the central idea of a general plan well fixed in my mind. I did not find my school teacher friend at home, so did not see him again. I swallowed a few mouthfuls of food, packed my bag, and essay to be caught the afternoon train. When I reached Macon, I stopped only long enough to get the main part of my luggage, and. to buy a ticket for New York. All along the journey I was occupied in debating with myself the step which I had decided to take. I argued that to forsake one's race to better one's condition was no less worthy an action than to forsake one's country for narrative essay-kidnapped, the same purpose.

I finally made up my mind that I would neither disclaim the black race nor claim the essay you want to be, white race; but that I would change my name, raise a mustache, and narrative essay-kidnapped let the world take me for what it would; that it was not necessary for me to go about with a label of inferiority pasted across my forehead. All the while, I understood that it was not discouragement, or fear, or search for a larger field of action and opportunity, that was driving me out of the Negro race. I knew that it was shame, unbearable shame. Shame at being identified with a people that could with impunity be treated worse than animals. For certainly the law would restrain and punish the malicious burning alive of animals.

So once again, I found myself gazing at the towers of New York, and wondering what future that city held in store for me. I have now reached that part of essays on how education a successful my narrative where I must be brief, and touch only lightly on important facts; therefore, the reader must make up his mind to narrative essay-kidnapped pardon skips and jumps and meager details. When I reached New York I was completely lost. I could not have felt more a stranger had I been suddenly dropped into Constantinople. I knew not where to turn or how to strike out.

I was so oppressed by a feeling of loneliness that the temptation to a doctor visit my old home in essay-kidnapped, Connecticut was well nigh irresistible. I reasoned, however, that unless I found my old music teacher, I should be, after so many years of essay a doctor absence, as much of a stranger there as in New York; and, furthermore, that in view of the step which I had decided to take, such a visit would be injudicious. I remembered, too, that I had some property there in essay-kidnapped, the shape of a piano and a few books, but decided that it would not be worth what it might cost me to take possession. By reason of the fact that my living expenses in the South had been very small, I still had nearly four hundred dollars of my capital left. In.

contemplation of this, my natural and acquired Bohemian tastes asserted themselves, and I decided to a tragic hero have a couple of weeks' good time before worrying seriously about the future. Essay-kidnapped! I went to Coney Island and the other resorts; took in the pre-season shows along Broadway, and ate at first class restaurants; but I shunned the is the a successful, old Sixth Avenue district as though it were pest infected. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! My few days of pleasure made appalling inroads upon what cash I had, and caused me to see that it required a good deal of written money to live in New York as I wished to live, and that I should have to essay-kidnapped find, very soon, some more or less profitable employment. On Why! I was sure that unknown, without friends or prestige, it would be useless to try to establish myself as a teacher of music; so I gave that means of earning a livelihood scarcely any consideration. Essay-kidnapped! And even had I considered it possible to secure pupils, as I then felt, I should have hesitated about taking up a work in which the chances for any considerable financial success are necessarily so small. I had made up my mind that since I was not going to be a Negro, I would avail myself of every possible opportunity to oedipus a tragic make a white man's success; and that, if it can be summed up in any one word, means money. I watched the want columns in the newspapers and answered a number of advertisements; but in each case found the positions were such as I could not fill or did not want. I also spent. several dollars for ads which brought me no replies. Essay-kidnapped! In this way I came to know the hopes and disappointments of cv format a large and pitiable class of humanity in this great city, the people who look for work through the newspapers.

After some days of this sort of experience, I concluded that the essay-kidnapped, main difficulty with me was that I was not prepared for ib maths coursework, what I wanted to do. I then decided upon narrative essay-kidnapped, a course which, for an artist, showed an uncommon amount of coursework practical sense and judgment. I made up my mind to enter a business college. Essay-kidnapped! I took a small room, ate at lunch counters, in gothic essay conclusion, order to economize, and pursued my studies with the zeal that I have always been able to put into any work upon which I set my heart. Yet, in spite of all my economy, when I had been at the school for several months, my funds gave out completely. Essay-kidnapped! I reached the point where I could not afford sufficient food for oedipus essay, each day. In this plight, I was glad to get, through one of the teachers, a job as an ordinary clerk in essay-kidnapped, a downtown wholesale house. I did my work faithfully, and received a raise of salary before I expected it.

I even managed to save a little money out of my modest earnings. On Why To Be! In fact, I began then to contract the narrative essay-kidnapped, money fever, which later took strong possession of me. I kept my eyes open, watching for a chance to better my condition. It finally came in essay you want a doctor, the form of a position with a house which was at the time establishing a South American. department. My knowledge of Spanish was, of course, the principal cause of my good luck; and essay-kidnapped it did more for me; it placed me where the other clerks were practically put out of competition with me. I was not slow in cv format, taking advantage of the opportunity to make myself indispensable to the firm. What an narrative, interesting and absorbing game is studies coursework money making! After each deposit at essay-kidnapped my savings-bank, I used to sit and figure out, all over again, my principal and interest, and make calculations on what the increase would be in such and such time. Out of this I derived a great deal of pleasure.

I denied myself as much as possible in essays written, order to swell my savings. Even so much as I enjoyed smoking, I limited myself to an occasional cigar, and that was generally of a variety which in my old days at the Club was known as a Henry Mud. Drinking I cut out altogether, but that was no great sacrifice. The day on which I was able to figure up $1,000.00 marked an epoch in essay-kidnapped, my life. Essay! And this was not because I had never before had money. In my gambling days and while I was with my millionaire I handled sums running high up into the hundreds; but they had come to me like fairy god-mother's gifts, and at a time when my conception of money was that it was made only to narrative essay-kidnapped spend. Here, on the other hand, was a thousand dollars which I had earned by days of honest and. patient work, a thousand dollars which I had carefully watched grow from the first dollar; and I experienced, in cv format, owning them, a pride and satisfaction which to me was an entirely new sensation. As my capital went over the thousand dollar mark, I was puzzled to narrative know what to do with it, how to put it to the most advantageous use. I turned down first one scheme and then another, as though they had been devised for the sole purpose of written by einstein gobbling up my money.

I finally listened to a friend who advised me to narrative essay-kidnapped put all I had in architecture, New York real estate; and under his guidance I took equity in essay-kidnapped, a piece of property on which stood a rickety old tenement-house. I did not regret following this friend's advice, for essay, in something like six months I disposed of my equity for narrative, more than double my investment. From that time on I devoted myself to the study of New York real estate, and watched for opportunities to make similar investments. Studies! In spite of two or three speculations which did not turn out well, I have been remarkably successful. To-day I am the owner and part-owner of several flat-houses.

I have changed my place of employment four times since returning to New York, and each change has been a decided advancement. Concerning the position which I now hold, I shall say nothing except that it pays extremely well. As my outlook on narrative essay-kidnapped, the world grew brighter, I began to essays key to future mingle in the social circles of the men. with whom I came in essay-kidnapped, contact; and gradually, by a process of elimination, I reached a grade of society of no small degree of culture. My appearance was always good and my ability to play on the piano, especially ragtime, which was then at the height of its vogue, made me a welcome guest. The anomaly of written by einstein my social position often appealed strongly to my sense of humor. I frequently smiled inwardly at some remark not altogether complimentary to people of color; and more than once I felt like declaiming, I am a colored man. Do I not disprove the narrative essay-kidnapped, theory that one drop of Negro blood renders a man unfit?

Many a night when I returned to my room after an enjoyable evening, I laughed heartily over what struck me as the capital joke I was playing. Then I met her, and written by einstein what I had regarded as a joke was gradually changed into the most serious question of my life. I first saw her at a musical which was given one evening at a house to which I was frequently invited. I did not notice her among the narrative essay-kidnapped, other guests before she came forward and sang two sad little songs. When she began I was out in the hallway where many of the men were gathered; but with the hero, first few notes I crowded with others into the doorway to see who the singer was. When I saw the narrative essay-kidnapped, girl, the surprise which I had felt at the first sound of her voice was heightened; she was almost tall and quite slender, with lustrous yellow hair and oedipus rex as hero essay eyes. so blue as to appear almost black. She was as white as a lily, and she was dressed in white. Indeed, she seemed to me the most dazzlingly white thing I had ever seen.

But it was not her delicate beauty which attracted me most; it was her voice, a voice which made one wonder how tones of such passionate color could come from so fragile a body. I determined that when the programme was over I would seek an introduction to her; but at the moment, instead of being the easy man of the world, I became again the bashful boy of fourteen, and my courage failed me. I contented myself with hovering as near her as politeness would permit; near enough to hear her voice, which in conversation was low, yet thrilling, like the deeper middle tones of narrative a flute. Gothic Architecture Essay! I watched the men gather around her talking and laughing in an easy manner, and wondered how it was possible for them to do it. But destiny, my special destiny, was at work.

I was standing near, talking with affected gayety to several young ladies, who, however, must have remarked my preoccupation; for essay-kidnapped, my second sense of hearing was alert to what was being said by the group of which the girl in white was the center, when I heard her say, I think his playing of Chopin is studies exquisite. And one of my friends in the group replied, You haven't met him? Allow me-- then turning to me, Old man, when you have a moment I wish you to meet. Miss ----. I don't know what she said to narrative essay-kidnapped me or what I said to essays on how is the key to a successful her. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I can remember that I tried to be clever, and experienced a growing conviction that I was making myself appear more and more idiotic. Cv Format! I am certain, too, that, in spite of my Italian-like complexion, I was as red as a beet. Instead of taking the narrative essay-kidnapped, car I walked home. I needed the air and exercise as a sort of sedative. I am not sure whether my troubled condition of studies mind was due to narrative essay-kidnapped the fact that I had been struck by love or to the feeling that I had made a bad impression upon her. As the studies, weeks went by, and when I had met her several more times, I came to know that I was seriously in love; and then began for essay-kidnapped, me days of worry, for I had more than the usual doubts and fears of ib maths coursework a young man in narrative essay-kidnapped, love to contend with.

Up to this time I had assumed and played my rôle as a white man with a certain degree of nonchalance, a carelessness as to the outcome, which made the whole thing more amusing to me than serious; but now I ceased to ib maths studies regard being a white man as a sort of practical joke. My acting had called for mere external effects. Now I began to doubt my ability to play the part. I watched her to see if she was scrutinizing me, to see if she was looking for anything in me which made me differ from the other men she knew. In place of an old inward feeling of narrative essay-kidnapped superiority over many of my friends, I began to doubt myself. I began even. to wonder if I really was like the men I associated with; if there was not, after all, an coursework, indefinable something which marked a difference. But, in spite of my doubts and narrative timidity, my affair progressed; and I finally felt sufficiently encouraged to decide to ask her to marry me.

Then began the hardest struggle of my life, whether to ask her to marry me under false colors or to tell her the whole truth. Cv Format! My sense of what was exigent made me feel there was no necessity of essay-kidnapped saying anything; but my inborn sense of honor rebelled at oedipus rex as a tragic hero even indirect deception in essay-kidnapped, this case. But however much I moralized on the question, I found it more and cv format more difficult to reach the point of confession. The dread that I might lose her took possession of me each time I sought to speak, and rendered it impossible for narrative essay-kidnapped, me to cv format do so. That moral courage requires more than physical courage is no mere poetic fancy. I am sure I would have found it easier to take the essay-kidnapped, place of a gladiator, no matter how fierce the Numidian lion, than to tell that slender girl that I had Negro blood in my veins. The fact which I had at times wished to cry out, I now wished to hide forever. During this time we were drawn together a great deal by the mutual bond of music. She loved to hear me play Chopin, and was herself far from being a poor performer of his compositions. I think I carried her every new song that was published which I thought suitable to her voice, and.

played the accompaniment for her. Over these songs we were like two innocent children with new toys. Cv Format! She had never been anything but innocent; but my innocence was a transformation wrought by my love for her, love which melted away my cynicism and whitened my sullied soul and essay-kidnapped gave me back the wholesome dreams of my boyhood. Essays Written! There is nothing better in all the world that a man can do for his moral welfare than to love a good woman. My artistic temperament also underwent an awakening. I spent many hours at my piano, playing over old and new composers. I also wrote several little pieces in narrative, a more or less Chopinesque style, which I dedicated to her. And so the weeks and months went by. Often words of love trembled on my lips, but I dared not utter them, because I knew they would have to be followed by other words which I had not the courage to frame. There might have been some other woman in my set with whom I could have fallen in love and gothic asked to marry me without a word of explanation; but the more I knew this girl, the less could I find it in my heart to deceive her. And yet, in spite of this specter that was constantly looming up before me, I could never have believed that life held such happiness as was contained in those dream days of love.

One Saturday afternoon, in early June, I was coming up Fifth Avenue, and at the corner of. Twenty-third Street I met her. She had been shopping. We stopped to chat for narrative, a moment, and on how is the I suggested that we spend half an hour at the Eden Musée. We were standing leaning on the rail in front of a group of figures, more interested in what we had to say to each other than in the group, when my attention became fixed upon a man who stood at my side studying his catalogue. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! It took me only an instant to recognize in him my old friend Shiny. My first impulse was to change my position at once.

As quick as a flash I considered all the risks I might run in speaking to him, and most especially the delicate question of introducing him to gothic architecture essay conclusion her. I must confess that in my embarrassment and confusion I felt small and mean. But before I could decide what to narrative essay-kidnapped do he looked around at me and, after an instant, said, Pardon me; but isn't this ----? The nobler part in me responded to the sound of his voice, and I took his hand in a hearty clasp. Whatever fears I had felt were quickly banished, for he seemed, at a glance, to divine my situation, and let drop no word that would have aroused suspicion as to the truth.

With a slight misgiving I presented him to her, and was again relieved of fear. She received the introduction in oedipus rex as hero essay, her usual gracious manner, and essay-kidnapped without the least hesitancy or embarrassment joined in the conversation. An amusing part about the introduction was that I was upon the point of introducing him. as Shiny, and stammered a second or two before I could recall his name. We chatted for some fifteen minutes. Cv Format! He was spending his vacation North, with the narrative, intention of doing four or six weeks' work in one of the summer schools; he was also going to take a bride back with him in the fall. He asked me about myself, but in so diplomatic a way that I found no difficulty in answering him. The polish of his language and the unpedantic manner in which he revealed his culture greatly impressed her; and after we had left the Musée she showed it by questioning me about him. I was surprised at the amount of interest a refined black man could arouse. Even after changes in the conversation she reverted several times to the subject of to be a doctor Shiny.

Whether it was more than mere curiosity I could not tell; but I was convinced that she herself knew very little about prejudice. Just why it should have done so I do not know; but somehow the Shiny incident gave me encouragement and confidence to cast the narrative, die of my fate; but I reasoned that since I wanted to essay on why a doctor marry her only, and since it concerned her alone, I would divulge my secret to no one else, not even her parents. One evening, a few days afterwards, at her home, we were going over some new songs and compositions, when she asked me, as she often did, to play the 13th Nocturne. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! When I began. she drew a chair near to my right, and sat leaning with her elbow on the end of the piano, her chin resting on her hand, and her eyes reflecting the emotions which the music awoke in her. Cv Format! An impulse which I could not control rushed over me, a wave of exaltation, the music under my fingers sank almost to narrative a whisper, and calling her for essay, the first time by narrative her Christian name, but without daring to on why to be a doctor look at her, I said, I love you, I love you, I love you. My fingers were trembling, so that I ceased playing. I felt her hand creep to mine, and when I looked at her her eyes were glistening with tears.

I understood, and could scarcely resist the longing to take her in my arms; but I remembered, remembered that which has been the sacrificial altar of so much happiness--Duty; and bending over her hand in mine, I said, Yes, I love you; but there is something more, too, that I must tell you. Narrative! Then I told her, in what words I do not know, the truth. I felt her hand grow cold, and when I looked up she was gazing at me with a wild, fixed stare as though I was some object she had never seen. Under the essay on why you want to be, strange light in her eyes I felt that I was growing black and narrative thick-featured and crimp-haired. She appeared not to have comprehended what I had said. Oedipus A Tragic Hero! Her lips trembled and she attempted to say something to me; but the words stuck in her throat. Then dropping her head on the piano she began to weep with great sobs that shook her frail body. I tried. to console her, and narrative blurted out incoherent words of love; but this seemed only to increase her distress, and when I left her she was still weeping. When I got into the street I felt very much as I did the cv format, night after meeting my father and sister at the opera in Paris, even a similar desperate inclination to essay-kidnapped get drunk; but my self-control was stronger.

This was the only time in my life that I ever felt absolute regret at being colored, that I cursed the drops of African blood in my veins, and wished that I were really white. When I reached my rooms I sat and smoked several cigars while I tried to think out the significance of what had occurred. I reviewed the whole history of our acquaintance, recalled each smile she had given me, each word she had said to essay me that nourished my hope. I went over the scene we had just gone through, trying to draw from it what was in my favor and what was against me. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! I was rewarded by feeling confident that she loved me, but I could not estimate what was the effect upon written by einstein, her of narrative essay-kidnapped my confession. At last, nervous and unhappy, I wrote her a letter, which I dropped into the mail-box before going to bed, in which I said: I understand, understand even better than you, and so I suffer even more than you. But why should either of us suffer for what neither of us is to blame? If there is a tragic hero any blame, it belongs to me, and I can only essay-kidnapped, make the rex as, old, yet strongest plea that. can be offered, I love you; and I know that my love, my great love, infinitely overbalances that blame, and blots it out. What is it that stands in essay-kidnapped, the way of our happiness?

It is not what you feel or what I feel; it is not what you are or what I am. It is what others feel and are. But, oh! is that a fair price? In all the coursework, endeavors and struggles of life, in all our strivings and longings there is only one thing worth seeking, only one thing worth winning, and that is love. It is not always found; but when it is, there is narrative essay-kidnapped nothing in all the world for which it can be profitably exchanged. The second morning after, I received a note from her which stated briefly that she was going up in New Hampshire to oedipus rex as hero spend the summer with relatives there. She made no reference to what had passed between us; nor did she say exactly when she would leave the essay-kidnapped, city. The note contained no single word that gave me any clue to oedipus rex as a tragic hero essay her feelings.

I could only gather hope from the fact that she had written at narrative all. On the same evening, with a degree of trepidation which rendered me almost frightened, I went to her house. I met her mother, who told me that she had left for the country that very afternoon. Essay! Her mother treated me in her usual pleasant manner, which fact greatly reassured me; and I left the house with a vague sense of hope stirring in my breast, which sprang from the conviction that she had not yet divulged my secret. But that hope did. not remain with me long. I waited one, two, three weeks, nervously examining my mail every day, looking for some word from narrative, her. All of the letters received by cv format me seemed so insignificant, so worthless, because there was none from her. The slight buoyancy of spirit which I had felt gradually dissolved into essay-kidnapped gloomy heartsickness. I became preoccupied, I lost appetite, lost sleep, and lost ambition.

Several of my friends intimated to me that perhaps I was working too hard. She stayed away the whole summer. I did not go to the house, but saw her father at various times, and he was as friendly as ever. Even after I knew that she was back in conclusion, town I did not go to see her. I determined to essay-kidnapped wait for some word or sign. I had finally taken refuge and comfort in my pride, pride which, I suppose, I came by naturally enough. The first time I saw her after her return was one night at the theater. She and her mother sat in company with a young man whom, I knew slightly, not many seats away from me. Cv Format! Never did she appear more beautiful; and yet, it may have been my fancy, she seemed a trifle paler and there was a suggestion of haggardness in her countenance. But that only essay-kidnapped, heightened her beauty; the very delicacy of her charm melted down the strength of architecture my pride.

My situation made me feel weak and powerless, like a man trying with his bare hands to break the iron bars of. his prison cell. When the performance was over essay-kidnapped, I hurried out and placed myself where, unobserved, I could see her as she passed out. The haughtiness of spirit in which I had sought relief was all gone, and I was willing and ready to essays undergo any humiliation. Shortly afterward we met at essay-kidnapped a progressive card party, and during the evening we were thrown together at one of the oedipus rex as a tragic hero, tables as partners. This was really our first meeting since the eventful night at her house. Strangely enough, in spite of our mutual nervousness, we won every trick of the game, and one of our opponents jokingly quoted the old saw, Lucky at cards, unlucky in love. Our eyes met, and I am sure that in essay-kidnapped, the momentary glance my whole soul went out to her in one great plea. She lowered her eyes and uttered a nervous little laugh. During the rest of the game I fully merited the unexpressed and expressed abuse of my various partners; for my eyes followed her wherever she was, and I played whatever card my fingers happened to touch. Later in the evening she went to architecture the piano and began to play very softly, as to herself, the opening bars of the 13th Nocturne.

I felt that the psychic moment of my life had come, a moment which if lost could never be called back; and, in as careless a manner as I could assume, I sauntered over to the piano and stood almost bending over her. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! She continued playing; but, in a voice. that was almost a whisper, she called me by my Christian name and said, I love you, I love you, I love you. I took her place at the piano and played the Nocturne in a manner that silenced the chatter of the company both in and out of the room; involuntarily closing it with the major triad. We were married the studies, following spring, and went to Europe for several months. It was a double joy for narrative, me to be in France again under such conditions. First there came to us a little girl, with hair and eyes dark like mine, but who is growing to have ways like her mother. Two years later there came a boy, who has my temperament, but is fair like his mother, a little golden-headed god, a face and head that would have delighted the cv format, heart of an old Italian master. And this boy, with his mother's eyes and features, occupies an inner sanctuary of my heart; for it was for him that she gave all; and that is the narrative essay-kidnapped, second sacred sorrow of my life.

The few years of our married life were supremely happy, and, perhaps she was even happier than I; for after our marriage, in architecture conclusion, spite of essay-kidnapped all the to be a doctor, wealth of essay-kidnapped her love which she lavished upon a tragic, me, there came a new dread to haunt me, a dread which I cannot explain and which was unfounded, but one that never left me. I was in constant fear that she would discover in me some shortcoming. which she would unconsciously attribute to essay-kidnapped my blood rather than to a failing of ib maths studies human nature. But no cloud ever came to mar our life together; her loss to me is narrative essay-kidnapped irreparable. My children need a mother's care, but I shall never marry again. Essay Conclusion! It is to my children that I have devoted my life. I no longer have the same fear for essay-kidnapped, myself of my secret being found out; for since my wife's death I have gradually dropped out of social life; but there is to be a doctor nothing I would not suffer to keep the brand from essay-kidnapped, being placed upon them. It is difficult for essays written, me to analyze my feelings concerning my present position in the world. Sometimes it seems to narrative me that I have never really been a Negro, that I have been only ib maths coursework, a privileged spectator of their inner life; at other times I feel that I have been a coward, a deserter, and I am possessed by a strange longing for my mother's people. Several years ago I attended a great meeting in the interest of Hampton Institute at Carnegie Hall.

The Hampton students sang the narrative essay-kidnapped, old songs and awoke memories that left me sad. Among the ib maths studies, speakers were R. C. Essay-kidnapped! Ogden, Ex-Ambassador Choate, and Mark Twain; but the greatest interest of the audience was centered in Booker T. Washington; and essays written by einstein not because he so much surpassed the others in eloquence, but because of what he represented with so much earnestness and narrative faith. And it is this that all of that small but. gallant band of colored men who are publicly fighting the cause of their race have behind them. Even those who oppose them know that these men have the eternal principles of essays on how is the right on their side, and they will be victors even though they should go down in defeat. Beside them I feel small and selfish. I am an ordinarily successful white man who has made a little money. They are men who are making history and narrative essay-kidnapped a race. I, too, might have taken part in a work so glorious. My love for on why to be, my children makes me glad that I am what I am, and keeps me from narrative, desiring to be otherwise; and yet, when I sometimes open a little box in which I still keep my fast yellowing manuscripts, the only tangible remnants of a vanished dream, a dead ambition, a sacrificed talent, I cannot repress the thought, that, after all, I have chosen the lesser part, that I have sold my birthright for a mess of pottage.

[ Editor of gothic conclusion online edition: Copy-text is the anonymous 1912 edition, in the public domain, not the copyrighted 1927 edition with an introduction by Carl Van Vechten, published by Alfred A. Knopf, which goes under the title, Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man. Copy-text courtesy of narrative City Library, Manchester, New Hampshire. On Why! Page breaks for narrative, reference are given in the HTML source. Cv Format! We have retained the original text (except for end-of-line hyphenation), including one misspelling: imitatations for narrative essay-kidnapped, imitations. Please note that this work is fiction, a novel, and not the autobiography of Johnson, who later became president of the National Association for essays, the Advancement of Colored People.]

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Acid: Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and Lsd Essay. 13 November 2014. Lysergic Acid Diethylamide. LSD is one of the most powerful, mood-changing chemicals. First synthesized on November 16, 1938, it was not until five years later on April 19, 1943, that psychedelic properties were found. It is manufactured from lysergic acid, which is found in the ergot fungus that grows on rye and other grains. It is produced in crystal form in laboratories, and narrative, these crystals are converted to a liquid for distribution. Ib Maths Studies! It is odorless, colorless, and has a moderately bitter taste. Known as “acid” and by narrative essay-kidnapped, many other names, LSD is essay sold on the street in small tablets, capsules or gelatin squares.

It is sometimes added to absorbent paper, which is then divided into narrative small squares decorated with designs or cartoon characters. Essays By Einstein! Although, no matter what form it comes in, LSD leads the narrative essay-kidnapped user to on how is the a successful the same place, a deep disconnection from reality. LSD users call an LSD experience a “trip,” usually lasting around twelve hours. LSD's primary effects are visual. Colors seem stronger and lights seem brighter. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Objects that are stable might appear to move or have a halo of light around them. Sometimes objects have trails of light coming from them or appear smaller or larger than they really are. LSD, being greatly and legally used in the 1960’s that was researched for its therapeutic uses, was first founded by Albert Hofmann and popularized amongst Americans by Psychologist Timothy Leary, and is still used amongst individuals and researched for its medical uses today, although now illegal. Albert Hofmann was the first person to synthesize, ingest, and by einstein, learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). He is narrative essay-kidnapped a chemist from Basel, Switzerland and became an employee of the pharmaceutical-chemical department of Sandoz Laboratories as a co-worker with professor Arthur Stoll, founder of the cv format pharmaceutical department.

He began studying the essay-kidnapped medicinal plant squill and the fungus ergot as part of a program to essay purify and synthesize active components for use as pharmaceuticals. While researching lysergic acid derivatives, Hofmann first synthesized LSD on November 16, 1938. Although, when he made this drug, he did not know the narrative essay-kidnapped effects the drug will have while being ingested. (Goffman, 2004). On Why You Want To Be! The main intention of the synthesis was to obtain a respiratory and circulatory stimulant that had no effects on the uterus by introducing this functional group to lysergic acid. It was set aside for five years, until April 16, 1943, when Hofmann decided to reexamine it. While re-synthesizing LSD, he accidentally absorbed a small quantity through his fingertips and soon discovered its powerful effects. He described what he felt as being “affected by a remarkable restlessness, combined with a slight dizziness. At home I lay down and narrative essay-kidnapped, sank into essays by einstein a not unpleasant intoxicated-like condition, characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination. In a dreamlike state, with eyes closed, I perceived an uninterrupted stream of fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of narrative, colors. After some two hours this condition faded away” (“Albert Hofmann”, 2014). Three days later, on April 19, 1943, Hofmann intentionally consumed 250 micrograms of LSD.

This day is now known as Bicycle Day, because after starting to oedipus a tragic essay feel the effects of the drug he rode home on a bike, and that became the first intentional acid trip. Sandoz Laboratories brought LSD to the attention of the narrative essay-kidnapped United States in 1949 because they believed LSD might have clinical applications. Throughout the 1950’s, mainstream media reported on research into studies coursework LSD, undergraduate psychology students taking LSD as part of narrative essay-kidnapped, their education, described the effects of the drug, and its growing use in psychiatry. However, Dr. Leary's experiments spread LSD usage to a much wider portion of the general population. Dr. Timothy Leary, a lecturer. Related Documents: Acid: Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and architecture essay conclusion, Lsd Essay. ? Ayo Banjo Ms. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Schneider Chemistry Honors 5 February 2015 Acid Rain Acid rain is a type, or form, of precipitate that includes unnaturally high levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).

The cause of acidic rain is due to chemical reactions like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide released in essays on how is the key to future, the air. The reactions can climb high in the atmosphere. When this happens, these substances mix with oxygen, water, and. Words 484 - Pages 2. Essay about Research: Gastric Acid and Amino Acid Components. Research Antacids are available in two different forms, natural and artificial. Different forms of natural antacids are bananas, aloe vera juice, and baking soda. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! Artificial antacids are sold over the counter or separately in cv format, drugstores under many brand names and essay-kidnapped, are available in chewable, liquid, and tablet form.(Heath Faqs, 2013) Antacids relieve gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD), which occurs when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus and causes a burning sensation in the chest. In.

Words 896 - Pages 4. the reflux of stomach content; the Lower Esophageal Sphincter and the diaphragm. When these muscles do not function properly, gastric juices re-enter the esophagus which is very painful because…The lining of the stomach is hero made of cells that can tolerate acids, the esophagus is not. The acid can irritate, destroy and scar the lining of the esophagus. So review Gastro is what? Esophageal is what? Reflux is what? Which brings us to disease….

It is very common as it affects millions of. Words 380 - Pages 2. Essay-kidnapped! ?SHI 1 HUI SHI Heather Frizzell ENG-111-32 27 Oct 2014 Acid rain The sky was wearing a blue coat, but humans are forced to give it on a blue coat; the essays written earth had clear blood, but humans make it black, dirty and stinking, and his green coat was torn to rags. Did you hear that the sky is crying, and the earth is crying? All this is caused by acid rain. Acid rain exists in so many countries that become a common problem. So, what is essay-kidnapped acid rain? How does acid rain form? How does it affect the. Words 866 - Pages 4. Physics: Folic Acid Fortification Essay. that — under certain circumstances — folic acid can stimulate the essay you want growth of cancer cells. This may also help explain the disappointing results of the Aspirin/Folate Polyp Prevention Study, published in essay-kidnapped, the June 6, 2007, Journal of the American Medical Association. Essay On Why You Want! That trial took place between 1994 and 2004 and involved 1,021 men and women who had all had procedures to remove adenomatous polyps (the kind most likely to turn into cancer).

To find out essay-kidnapped, if folic acid would prevent more polyps from. Cv Format! Words 505 - Pages 3. Lsd-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide Essay. LSD is lysergic acid diethylamide. LSD was discovered in 1938. It is narrative manufactured from ergot, a fungus that grows on rye.

LSD dissolves in water and is odorless, colorless, and tasteless. A dose the size of a grain of salt can cause effects. LSD inhibits the gothic essay conclusion movement of serotonin in the brain, which influences mood. LSD seems to work in the cerebral cortexof the brain, which is involved in mood, thought, and perception, and in the locus ceruleus of the brain, which coordinates sensory. Words 353 - Pages 2. Essay-kidnapped! Essay on Chlorine and Hydrochloric Acid. .xH2O A 3.01 g sample of one of these hydrates was dissolved in water and the solution made up to essay 250 cm3. In a titration, a 25.0 cm3 portion of narrative, this solution required 24.3 cm3 of 0.200 mol–1 dm–3 hydrochloric acid for on why to be complete reaction. The equation for this reaction is shown below.

Na2CO3 + 2HCl ? 2NaCl + H2O + CO2 (i) Calculate the number of moles of HCl in 24.3 cm3 of 0.200 mol dm–3 hydrochloric acid. Narrative Essay-kidnapped! . …………………………………………………………………………. (ii) Deduce the number of written, moles of Na2CO3 in 25.0. Words 959 - Pages 4. , etc.) 4) HCl is a strong acid. What distinguishes a strong acid from a weak one? Describe the pH scale. What would be the pH of a 0.1 M solution of HCl? What would be the concentration of OH- in this solution? Strong acids completely dissociate to their ionic form in water (e.g. H+ and Cl- ions). Weak acids partially dissociate, and narrative, the binding and release of H+ ions is reversible (Carbonic acids was used as a example in rex as hero essay, class). pH scale compresses the range of [H#x3D;] and [OH-] by employing.

Words 1011 - Pages 5. Narrative! calcium oxalate. Some bladder stones are made of uric acid, and may be associated with gout. Architecture! Uric acid stones are particularly common in Asia. [ Another type of stone is called a triple phosphate stone because of the presence of magnesium and ammonia and narrative, phosphate. This type of stone is usually associated with chronic infection in the bladder and may grow verys? 5. A constriction of the perputial orifice that does not allow for the foreskin to fold back over the glans is called? Phimosis is a. Essays Written! Words 396 - Pages 2. Essay-kidnapped! ?PARACETIC ACID Peracetic acid is a highly biocidal oxidizer that maintains its efficacy in the presence of organic soil. Peracetic acid removes surface contaminants (primarily protein) on endoscopic tubing. An automated machine uses peracetic acid to sterilize medical, surgical, and dental instruments chemically (endoscopes, arthroscopes).

Introduced in 1988, this microprocessor-controlled, low-temperature sterilization method is commonly used in the United States. The sterilant, 35. Words 386 - Pages 2. * Test names and education future, other trademarks are the property of the essay-kidnapped respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with this website. All content of site and tests copyright 2017 Study Mode, LLC.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in your essay, you do a number of things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only essay-kidnapped looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to rex as essay, others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is meant by essay-kidnapped enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in.

Essential is that you do provide references. Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of oedipus rex as a tragic hero essay, referencing, the narrative better. There are two forms to do the gothic essay referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. You do this by stating the author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted. Essay-kidnapped. Where the name of the essays on how is the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated. The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is narrative essay-kidnapped not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma.

This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on education is the someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the year of narrative, publication. Essay. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994).

Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the narrative first author is cv format given, followed by et al. (which literally means and narrative essay-kidnapped others ): (Almeder et al. Essay On Why You Want To Be. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the narrative references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the essay conclusion most relevant ones.

What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference. However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference.

If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the essay-kidnapped page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of studies, say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002).

You should always reference the essay-kidnapped work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date.

Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to cv format, circumvent this issue is to give both years: the essay-kidnapped year of the original publication, together with the one of the work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the cv format dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 [1774]). Another small issue occurs where an narrative author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to cite more than one of essays, them. Narrative Essay-kidnapped. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to essays key to a successful future, identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for the first of your references, the letter b for the second and so on: (McManus, 1994a) and narrative (McManus, 1994b) are two different works.

To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited. Cv Format. Each work you cited in narrative essay-kidnapped, the essay is cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and list of written by einstein, references is not technically the same. A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. Essay-kidnapped. References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Architecture. Use the heading references for essay-kidnapped, your references.

For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to essay on why to be a doctor, use et al. Essay-kidnapped. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Essay On Why. Where you give the narrative editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. Essay. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in narrative, German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger. Granovetter, M. Essays On How Is The Key To A Successful. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press.

Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Essay-kidnapped. Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in cv format, a book are cited separately, especially if the book is narrative essay-kidnapped edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the chapter in single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the by einstein book itself needs to be included in narrative, the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995).

Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in ib maths, Chapman, J. Essay-kidnapped. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in rex as a tragic hero, Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. Narrative. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in gothic essay, a way that is quite similar to chapters in a book. The main difference really is narrative essay-kidnapped that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the essays on how future year in narrative, brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details.

The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to cv format, a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of narrative essay-kidnapped, Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in mind the quality of the site before citing from rex as a tragic hero essay, it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays.

The reference includes the name of the narrative author and essay conclusion initial, the narrative essay-kidnapped year in brackets, the title of the document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the cv format publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the narrative document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited. Ib Maths Studies Coursework. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. The reference therefore includes the name and narrative initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the title in essays on how is the key to, single speech marks, the name of the narrative newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the page where the article was found. For one page it’s customary to use the abbreviation p. , for articles running over two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common.

For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. Rex As. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by narrative essay-kidnapped new flag that was designed in oedipus rex as a tragic essay, London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. Narrative Essay-kidnapped. It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to on how education is the future, in the lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the name and initial of the lecturer, the year in narrative essay-kidnapped, bracket, the title of the handout in essays key to, single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in italics, the word at and the name of your institution, the place, and date of the lecture.

For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in narrative, Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to essays written, a printed piece, but sometimes this is essay-kidnapped not an option. In terms of gothic, giving the narrative reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the words conversation with the author and architecture conclusion the date of the conversation.

For example: Smith, E. Narrative Essay-kidnapped. (2004) conversation with the author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. By Einstein. With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the title. With all forms of personal conversation, the narrative issue of consent is education is the key to future important. It’s always a very good idea to check with the author first.

There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. Essay-kidnapped. If everything else fails, remember the function of referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of studies, information for narrative essay-kidnapped, others to conclusion, chase the work. Common problems include the lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is no author, often there is an organization. Put the name of the organization. If there is essay-kidnapped no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the rex as a tragic author’s name.

For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the year of a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in essay-kidnapped, (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year.

Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. This is gothic architecture conclusion easily done by including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the reference. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses it’s common to include the kind of narrative, thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the ib maths studies coursework information blank. Essay-kidnapped. This is essays particularly an essay-kidnapped issue with internet sites. Including the rex as URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the publisher. Course materials provided to essay-kidnapped, you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts.

Give the name of the author, the year in brackets, the course code if there is one, the course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of material and its title in on how education is the a successful, single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher. For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is narrative essay-kidnapped capitalized. In the case of a book, the cv format main title is that of the narrative essay-kidnapped book.

In the essay on why to be case of journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to narrative essay-kidnapped, be that of the journal itself. Cv Format. It might be confusing that within the journal, the title of an essay-kidnapped article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve. Rex As Essay. Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and adjectives. This is in essay-kidnapped, fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and essays by einstein , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references.

It’s perfectly fine to change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to narrative essay-kidnapped, give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in this book at the end. It’s difficult to written by einstein, write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of essay-kidnapped, somebody else and essays by einstein present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line.

The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is essay-kidnapped deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an cv format offence as the deliberate case. Careless work is narrative essay-kidnapped often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and conclusion this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by narrative including references to where you got the ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could.

Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. Oedipus Rex As Hero Essay. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to narrative, copy from the gothic essay internet, but is it really worth it? Bear in mind that there is something in for you, too—that is essay-kidnapped something in addition to on how a successful, the grades. Essay-kidnapped. The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to cv format, the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is narrative very little danger that you copy word by word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is architecture essay conclusion a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in front of narrative, you, try using your notes. By Einstein. As you still will need to put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference.

Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. When checking the essay, it’s hard not to notice the triple X; and there is always the search facility in essay-kidnapped, the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to on how is the future, myself that there is some more work to narrative essay-kidnapped, be done: finding the ib maths proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to detect by narrative your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again.

It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to spot. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember. Architecture. If you copy from essay-kidnapped, a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. If you copy from a tragic essay, a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too.

Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or don’t refer to some of the core reading. Essay-kidnapped. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to on why a doctor, read, or whether you’re likely to essay-kidnapped, have read a great number of gothic architecture essay conclusion, papers on narrative the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the essays by einstein Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of words, the essay-kidnapped kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the gothic architecture essay conclusion text, but few at the end, or where the narrative essay-kidnapped citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none.

Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is rex as done by writing freely without having the books right in front of you.

Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the ideas from others. Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays.

It’s essential, in narrative essay-kidnapped, fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from others. Rex As Hero. Quotations are about the exact words used by others. This is really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the narrative words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is ib maths studies coursework a quotation, because I use the essay-kidnapped exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the ib maths coursework reader to check the words in the original context. Narrative Essay-kidnapped. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in the text, and a doctor enclosed by speech marks.

Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by indenting the narrative quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to oedipus rex as hero, 4 lines or more. For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to narrative essay-kidnapped, change a quote slightly in order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead.

If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the oedipus rex as a tragic essay words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). I made the changes, because I wrote about narrative essay-kidnapped, intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on essays them too much. Narrative. Your own writing is architecture essay much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose. Narrative Essay-kidnapped. The consequence is that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to essays written, put the references whilst you write.

This is the narrative case, because you still know where you got the idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the author right away. Often, I will know at least some of gothic, it, and write this down. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. However, I also indicate that the essay is not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the narrative essay-kidnapped full references once I completed the cv format essay or section.

References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. Narrative. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to reference a chapter in a book. There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. Cv Format. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the referencing process.

They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Narrative Essay-kidnapped. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. Cv Format. It’s thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is menacing. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file. The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the narrative work of formatting the reference.

Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.